Experiment on Disobedience: The Ethical Violations

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2 years ago

I watched a video on Youtube that explained an experiment of obedience. As a student and reasearcher, I heard and conceptualized that there are ethical violations in the said experiment. If you are curious about what was the experiment all about, it is from a famous school but I won't going to mention it. So, they made an advertisement in a newspaper looking for participants for their experiment, but they did not mention what will these participants do. Also, they only looked for men.

The experiment is about measuring the obedience of a person. When participants are coming to the said school, they explained to them the scenario and experiment they will be doing. Two people will have to be a Teacher and a Learner. The school already set up that the participants will automatically be the Teacher, and he has no idea that the another participant who will be the Learner, is an accomplice from school. The scenario would be, the admins will tell the Teacher (participant) to ask questions to the Learner (accomplice), and when the answer is wrong, the Teacher needs to push the button for the electric shock. But, the electric shock is not true as well. The Learner (accomplice) will just need to pretend that he is in pain. So, the experiment was about the obedience of the participant. Whether he will follow his conscience or the authority.

Here are the Ethical Violations in the Experiment:

Deception and not ethically approved.

It has a violation of not being ethically approved and deception because it put people into a situation where they think they are really hurting another person. In this matter, it might psychologically affect the participant. The experiment had proven something and have successfully answered the questions in their research. Apparently, it will not change the fact that in the seconds and minutes of doing the experiment, someone is being tortured by his conscience. The violation will fall under Deception.

The experiment is gender-biased.

Maybe the experiment is about obedience of whether the participant will obey orders from a person who told him to do that, but it should be done only with men. On the procedure of getting participants, they already focused on men. It violated Gender-biased ethical violation. It should be conducted in both genders, and not only to men. To prove this, the experiment will only be generalizable for men, and not for everyone.

The protection of participants was set aside.

As I can see and hear in the video, participants are affected by their conscience. They even asked to stop the procedure. This only means that they were put in a situation where the pressure and stress were on their shoulders. This violated the protection of the people who participated. The ethical violation of setting aside the protection of your respondents is a big deal in conducting an experimental research, since we have rights as human.

The right to withdraw is deprived.

The participants wanted to stop the procedure as they saw the person in front of them in pain because of the shock. But they did not let the withdrawal even though they asked for it so many times. In conducting researches or experiments, researchers should know the limitation of what they are doing. If they observed that their participants are distressed because of the procedure, might as well stop it. Apparently, in the experiment done by Milgram, they violated this one.

Conflicts of Interest.

Even though Milgram explained the true nature and purpose of the experiment, they will not erase the distress that the participants felt during the procedure. Because of this, they violated the conflict of interest, since they needed to get through person’s psychological reactions and emotions just to successfully conduct the experiment. The conflict arises just because their interest is much more needed. Therefore, researchers should learn that even though the experiment should get through that limit to be successfully done, consider every ethical issue before doing so. A research or experiment that has ethical violations should not be repeated.

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2 years ago

The Indian finance minister has finally revealed clues about what is in the cryptocurrency bill that is due to be introduced in parliament. Mentioning no crypto ban, she said that the government will take “a very calibrated” approach to cryptocurrencies.

Indian Finance Minister Provides Clues on Upcoming Crypto Regulation Indian Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman shed some light on the upcoming crypto regulation in her country during CNBC-TV18’s IBLA townhall Friday. This is the first time she talked about the content of the bill and the Indian government’s plans on regulating cryptocurrencies since the bill was listed to be introduced in parliament.

“On the cryptocurrency, yes a lot of negotiations [and] discussions are happening with the Reserve Bank because the supreme court order had very clearly told that the government has to take a call on the matter. We are talking with the Reserve Bank,” she confirmed. “Well, I am not sure, much before the cabinet takes a call on it, I want to give you any clues about what is in it.”

She continued: “Obviously, the Reserve Bank will be taking a call on how, what kind of an official currency, cryptocurrency, will have to be planned and how it has to be regulated, but also we want to make sure that there is window available for all kind of experiments which will have to take place in the crypto world.” The finance minister emphasized:

And therefore, it’s not as if we are going to look inwards and say no we are not, you know, going to have any of this. There will be a very calibrated position taken.

“A lot of mixed messages are coming from across the world. I don’t think there is either a complete go this way or complete go that way in this matter,” she added, elaborating:

We will have to take very calibrated position. [The] world is moving fast with technology. We can’t pretend we don’t want it.

In addition, the finance minister stated: “At the same time, we also recognize that in fintech, we led the way. Many countries are looking at us for fintech, kind of, based steps and the kind of things that we have done in payment Duniya.”

She then concluded: “So I would think, I can only give you this clue that we are not closing our minds. We are certainly looking at the ways in which experimentations can happen in the digital world and cryptocurrency and so on.”

Minister Anurag Thakur Also Provides Government’s Position on Cryptocurrency Regulation On Saturday, Minister of State for Finance Anurag Thakur also spoke about India’s upcoming cryptocurrency regulation. Stating that the Indian government is open to evaluating and exploring new technologies, including cryptocurrencies, for the sake of improving governance, he was quoted by the media as saying:

Let me say that we welcome innovation and new technology … Blockchain is a new emerging technology. Cryptocurrency is a form of virtual currency. I firmly believe that we must always evaluate, explore, and encourage new ideas with an open mind.

The minister added that the government would make a decision based on the recommendations of the interministerial committee (IMC) and the legislative proposal. He noted that the cryptocurrency bill will be introduced in parliament following due process, inviting suggestions and views on this issue.

Do you think India will still ban bitcoin? Let us know in the comments section below.

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2 years ago

Nacurious ako anong school. Dito yun sa atin? Bulong mo nga sa akin. Hahahaha. Pero galing din nung project/research na yun.

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2 years ago

Hahaha. Yale University ate, sa ibang bansa po. 😁 Secret natin Ate ha? HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA

thank you po sa upvote! 💚

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2 years ago