Join 91,935 users already on read.cash

Vikings

31 759 exc
Avatar for apela
Written by   183
1 year ago

They came from the cold north. They looted monasteries, burned villages, killed residents and desecrated churches.

From the 8th century, a new prayer resounded in all English chapels:

"Lord, save us from the rage of the men of the north!"

They asked in vain…

Who were the Vikings?

The inhabitants of present-day Denmark, Norway, and Sweden about 750 to 100 n. no.

The monks called them pirates, robbers, murderers, but this was unfair to the others, who remained at home and engaged in agriculture, fishing, wood and metal processing.

They were also good sailors as they drove across the sea the shit in the bones of all the villages and towns that stood in their way.

The name probably comes from the old Nordic word vik, meaning bay.

Why sail into the unknown?

It is generally believed that the Nordics were scattered outside their borders due to:

population growth

They moved to other lands due to the lack of fertile land, as well as if they killed the locals.

search for new markets (leather, amber, tusks, ..)

desire to forcibly acquire wealth (due to rich neighbors)

Viking Society Rulers (Kings and Grand Chiefs)

Freelancers (bondi)

Non-free oppressed - slaves (traell)

by What we recognize them…

rune

Runes Runes are an old alphabet of Germans and Scandinavians.

We know very little about the formation of the runes, as they assume that they were initially carved into the wood, which then decayed very quickly.

We know different types of runic alphabets called Futhuark

Depending on the time of creation, we divide different Futhuars: (older Futhark, Anglo-Saxon Futhorch and younger Futhuark

ships

The Vikings built ships from the very beginning.

They were the best by far around.

There was a big difference between merchant and battleships.

The battleships were very long and narrow.

They were very fast and agile.

They had a carved dragon's head on their beak.

Merchant ships, however, were short and wide so that merchants could transport goods on them.

gods

gods of prosperity, health and fertility)

Azi (gods of war)

Odin - the supreme god, the oldest and most powerful of all gods

Thor (also Vignir) - the god of thunder and the eldest son of Odin.

Baldr - the most popular among the gods, son of Odin and Frigg, Nanna's husband, Forsetti's father

Bragi - son of Odin and Gunnlög, daughters of the giant Suttung.

Heimdall (also Hallinskidi or Gullintanni) - the god of bridges, was said to be the son of nine mothers who are sisters to each other

Outside

(gods of prosperity, health and fertility)

Njord - the god of the sea

Freyr (also Frö, Atridi and Menglad, sometimes called Yngvi)

Frey (tdui Mardell or Syr) - goddess of love and beauty

Frigg (or Hlin) - Odin's wife, mother of many gods

Henir (Ve) and Lodur (Vili) - Odin's brothers who helped him create the world and people

weapons

Weapons spoke of the power and position of the owner

Swords were often buried by Vikings next to dead owners as they were a strict part of a warrior’s job

As weapons, they used swords, which were the most prized weapons, axes, and used spears and bows to fight at a distance.

It was used primarily for chopping and not for stabbing.

Sword blades were usually bought from the Franks and Germans

The blades were then decorated by themselves

The sword was shorter and fairly light compared to the others.

The Vikings were good and fearless soldiers.

conquests

Conquests of Continental Europe

Around 800, the Danish Vikings began to invade the land of Friesland, through which they penetrated the rivers with their ships deep into the territory of present-day France.

In one such expedition, in 845, even Paris was ravaged, and a year later the cities of Verdun, Toul, and Troy.

Around the same time, the Vikings also sailed to the far west of Europe and plundered Portugal and Spain, where they even settled in looted Seville for a time.

The next targets of Viking attacks were coastal North African cities and the Apennine Peninsula, where the cities of Pisa and Luna were looted.

The Swedish Vikings, unlike the Danish and Norwegian ones, headed east (via the Baltic) and from there along the navigable rivers to the heart of Eastern Europe. They came all the way to the Black Sea and Baghdad.

America

Of all the tribes, the Norwegian Vikings came the farthest west, landing in the Shetland Islands as early as the eighth century, and around 870 they also settled Iceland, where they soon formed an independent state and formed the first known parliament in the west called the Alting.

In 985, the Viking chieftain Erik the Red established a colony in Greenland, from where, around 1000, his son sailed west to the Labrador Peninsula. On a hill overgrown with wild vines, he founded a colony, which he named after this plant - Vinland.

The colony collapsed.

The Vikings, wherever they went, soon became associated with the surrounding population and began to mingle with them. They soon adopted Christianity and other customs from the environment. of the Viking chief Rollon, who ruled in Normandy) defeated the English Vikings at the Battle of Hastings and became King of England. Somehow during this period, other Viking tribes across Europe disappeared and "merged" with their surroundings. Thus, after three hundred years, one of the most successful civilizations in Europe disappeared, leaving many traces in European history.

24
$ 3.80
$ 3.67 from @TheRandomRewarder
$ 0.05 from @grofek1
$ 0.03 from @tired_momma
+ 5
Avatar for apela
Written by   183
1 year ago
Enjoyed this article?  Earn Bitcoin Cash by sharing it! Explain
...and you will also help the author collect more tips.

Comments

Darling, text is so good. All the best!

$ 0.01
1 year ago

thanks. Any praise and criticism is welcome

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Wow! That's pretty interesting to read! They're a bit scary lol

$ 0.01
1 year ago

No darling ... they're not scary. They were mostly just ordinary farmers who made a living from farming.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Our history have many legendary story, Vikings is one of them. I always love to read this kind of article.

$ 0.01
1 year ago

I'm preparing a new article about Vikings ... I love them

$ 0.00
1 year ago

I am waiting. 😍😍

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Wonderful writing dear

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Wonderful writing dear

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Great article, but your cover photo still left the biggest impression :)

$ 0.01
1 year ago

hahaha Thank you dear. i think i will save all the pictures. Maybe in 500 years they will be worth at least 1 euro.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Great article .I like to read about them

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Great article, I love read bout the peoples of Northern Europe.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

hehe vidm, da si kar padla notr sodec po clanku 😊😊 skorj bi reku, da se nagibas Odinizmu!?

  1. Courage
  2. Truth
  3. Honour
  4. Fidelity
  5. Discipline
  6. Hospitality
  7. Self Reliance
  8. Industriousness
  9. Perseverance edin to mi ni jasn zakaj v solah se vedno trdijo in ucijo ucence, da je prvi odkril Ameriko Kolumb, ceprav so jo vikingi okoli 300 let prej odkril pred njemu
$ 0.00
1 year ago

Odlično..a veš da sem ravno razmišljala da sem to pozabla dodat noter.. Mislim da bom jutri napisala še en nov post...in o tem da so ženske spostovali in bili dobri poeti. Ja obozujem vse o vikingih

$ 0.00
1 year ago

poglej si se mal naso vero, da bos mal bols seznanjena

$ 0.00
1 year ago

I love vikings and I love your article very much. I watched "Vikings" and I learn a lot of their culture, religion, fight and war. Who dont like to read, but want to know more about vikings, shoud watch it. It could be find online or maybe netflix.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Nice article, subscribe done back please https://read.cash/@Sadia17/crypto-currency-eea41adc

$ 0.00
1 year ago

This article is so interesting, just like the one with Ragnar.. Thank you so much!

$ 0.00
1 year ago

The Vikings have always been fascinating to me so I am very happy to read about them. I believe they were a brave and proud people.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

already the same new material for tomorrow’s post

$ 0.00
1 year ago

I can not wait.

$ 0.01
1 year ago

ooo very nice im happy

$ 0.00
1 year ago

ooo very nice im happy

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Vikings are the ultra-legend.I love them very much.

$ 0.01
1 year ago

if you know any good movie or book please share with us.I also adore them.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Gledao sam dokumentarac kako Slaveni i Vikinzi imaju veoma slično božanstvo, bog Perun i bog Thor.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Vikings are legends, I don't know did they were exist or not. But the story of Vikings is legend.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

I like to read an article like this, well done and all the best

$ 0.00
1 year ago

Great article on the Vikings.

$ 0.00
1 year ago

I have always been very interested in historical stories about Vikings!

$ 0.00
1 year ago