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Today I want to tell you about my trip to Würzburg. Würzburg is located in Franconia, which today belongs to Bavaria, on of the sixteen German federal states.
Würzburg is a medieval town. The oldest documented mention dates back to 704 as Castellum Virteburch.
Würzburg was badly damaged during the Second World War. Many of the buildings in the old town were not rebuilt. Fortunately, some old houses, like the Weinhaus "Zum Stachel", were either preserved or rebuilt.
A Marienberg fortress towers above the town. From the fortress, the bishops of Würzburg have ruled the city with an iron hand since 1253.
The citizens of the town were very unhappy about the power of the bishops and fought against it several times. In 1400, in the Battle of Bergheim, they suffered one of their greatest defeats.
During the German Peasants' War in 1525 the peasants tried to storm the fortress, also without success. With heavy losses they had to give up the attacks.
The power of the bishops over the city only ended in 1802.
The "Käppele" is a chapel to which the citizens of Würzburg went (and go) on pilgrimage every year and confessed their sins.
At the "Käppele" there are over 300 steps and 14 stations of the cross. In the past, some pilgrims walked all the way on their knees and said a prayer at each step. At the stations there were additional prayers.
There have been several pogroms and expulsions of Jews in the city, like everywhere in Europe. On August 2, 1819 began in Würzburg so called Hep-Hep riots which was continued in several other cities in Europe.
I hope you enjoyed my report. I have other photos from the area around Würzburg, which I will present to you in the next report. As always, I took all photos with my Motorola power g7.