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Pirates and All You should Know about Pirates

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Avatar for SuncicaZ
Written by   139
1 month ago

Today, I would like to write a bit about pirates. I will give you a review of history of pirates, some interesting facts about them and other interesting information.

Short History of Pirates

Credit: In medias res

First of all I would like to talk about the history of pirates. There are some sources that say that pirates exist since ships exist. When people invented ships and started to sail, pirates started to steal from ships on the sea, by using their ships. Oldest pirates that are known to us are the Cilician pirates. They dominated in the Mediterranean sea from 2nd century before Christ till the secong half of the first century. They were notorious, and every single sailor of that age was afraid of them. Their base was in Cilicia, it is located on the coast of Asia Minor. All pirates during that time were colled Cilicians because of that. This group of pirates was responsible for the rise of piracy.

Cilician pirates were stealing money, gold and other valuable things and kidnapping people and later they were selling them as slaves far away from their homes.

They were very cruel and they had their own religion. Some sources say that they were the peeonirs of the Mithraism. Whole new religion that will become very popular in Roma druring 1st century before Christ.

Credit: Pixelizam

After the fall of Western Roman Empire, most dangerous pirates were Vikings. They were living on the North and they did not have a lot of food there,they did not have a lot of gold, silver and other valuable things, and because of that they turned to sailing and many of them were pirates.

Later, when the America was discovered, pirates become widespread in the whole old and new world. Ships were going from Europe to America and to other continents, so that was a chance for pirates to steal gold and money from sailors.

The renaissance of pirates lasted between from 1560. and 1720. And, that is the period of piracy that you can see in 'Pirates of the Caribbean'. Many ships, a lot of gold, money and other valuable things. Paradise for pirates.

Credit: Pulse

Later, during the 18th and 19th centuyry, big European countries had control of the most seas, but pirates did not disappear. They were not as powerful as before.

Pirates exist even nowadays. Piracy is a crime and it is sanctioned by the International law and by the laws of almost all countries. Nowadays sailors are not fighting against pirates, because those people are very dangerous. They are killing even for things that are not very valuable. That is why sailors are giving them what they want. They are attacking only commercial ships, not military ones.

Corsairs

Pirates that were working for Governments. During the 'Golden period of piracy' many big countries were in various wars against each others. That is why they were paying some groups of people (in those groups you could find ex pirates, slaves that escaped from their owners, prisoners...) to attack ships of countries that they were fighting against.

Pirate Ships

Credit: Wikipedia

There is only one pirate ship from Golden age of piracy that is known to us nowadays. It is called Whydah Gally. At first it was English commercial ship, later pirates stole it, and it became a pirate ship. It was destroyed in the stoprm and it is the only wreck of pirate ships that we have nowadays.

About look of those ships we can not tell anything special, it lookd like all other ships back then. They had holes in the walls of the ship for cannons, they had sails, oars and all other parts that ships had.

Those ships were recognizable for its flag. They had those black flags with skull and bones.

Life on the ship

Pirates had their code. They could not gamble on the ships, they could not smoke cigarettes, because flame could cause fire on the ships that were made out of wood. Because of that they were chewing the tobacco.

They were eating various food, specially when they steal it from some other ship. They were also fishing, catching turtles and various animals while they were on unihabited islands.

Scurvy was very common illnes, because pirates did not have a lot of fresh fruits, later, when they realized that lemons can help them, they were also taking a lot of lemon with them.

Credit: Unknown

They did not have a lot of fresh water, so they were drinking a lot of alcohol, mostly wine and rum. If they take a lot of water with them, after some time, it is not going to be good anymore, but alcohol can last forever.

While they were on the land, they were spending a lot of money to food, alcohol, women, and other things. That is why thely could spend all their money in just a couple days. After they spend their money, they were going beck to the sea.

It is wrong to think that they were not taking care of their ships. They were fixing and cleaning their ships, because they needed fast ships.

Female pirates

Many people say that woman on the ship is bad luck. But is that true? There are many ladies, who were pirates, and who showed us that it is not true.

Some women were even captains of pirate ships.

Most famous female pirates are Mary Read and Anne Bony.

Credit: Smithsonian Magazine

There is a story that says that man who tried to rape Anne ended up in hospital because she beaten him. She was married to one sailor, but she left him for pirates. She decided to leave her home, and to go to be a pirate in 1720.

Pirates from Anne's ship kidnapped Mary, who was dressed like a man. Anne even tried to seduce Mary, before Mary showed her that she is a woman, after that they become friends and some stories say that they were even lovers.

One of the most famous female pirates is also Cheng I Sao. She was very cruel and she had no mercy for people that were captured on her ship.

Credit: Ancient Pages

Cheng prohibited any sexual activity on her ships. Rapes were punised with dead penalty, and it was also prohibited to sleep with captured women, even if they had to do that.

Chinese Government was afraid of Cheng that is why they gave the pension to her and her crew. That is how her 'career' ended.

In one moment Cheng had 400 ships and 50,000 male pirates.

Piracy was popular among women during the Golden period of piracy because women were not free. They were sometihng what tiehr fathers owned, after they got married, their husbands were owning them. And,when they become pirates, they become free.

Couple interesting things about pirates

Grog, as I said before pirates, and also sailors in the past had no a lot of fresh water. There were a lot of various bacteria in the water, and because of that they were mixing water with rum. Rum was killing the bacteria in water, and water was reducing the percentage of alcohol in rum, so they needed more ot get drunk.

Blindfold, many pirates who were wearing that actually had both eyes. They were using those because with the blindfold they needed less time to get used to the dar, when they get below the deck.

Clothes and earrings, clothes was there to keep them warm, and even if it was warm it was not to heavy, so if they fall into the water they donot get to the bottom. Earrings were made out of gold, and they could pay many things with them. For example if they die somewhere alone, people who find them could pay their funeral with those earrings. Also there are some superstitions about earrings. Some of them believed that earrings can help them to see better or to avoid illneses. Also, some of them were putting wax on their earrings so they do not become deaf from loud cannons.

Treasure, pirates were not stealing only gold and money, they were taking everything what is valuable. Guns, clothes, wood, spices...

Gay marriage, pirates were first who allowed gay marriage. Two pirates could live together, exchange golden rings and they could also innheritance each other.

Executions, people who were captured were even killed at the moment when they were captured, either they were tortured, for fun. If they had no luck to be killed, they were either tied for the rope and towed behind the ship either they were whipped with wet whip till death.

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Comments

Nisam znala za prevezu preko oči.Al sada mi je to sasvim logično.Hvala za ovo.

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1 month ago

Nisam ni ja znala, dok nisam trazila podatke za ovaj post. Mislila sam da su koristili lampe, ali sam onda videla da nisu smeli da koriste vatru na brodovima, da ne bi izazvali pozar, pa su morali da se navikavaju na mrak u potpalublju.

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1 month ago

Omiljena knjiga i obavezna lektira iz detinjstva MALI PIRAT - Anto Staničić .

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1 month ago

vecina je klasicna placenicka vojska koja je sluzila za ostvarivanje ciljeva tadasnjih sila nezvanicnim putem

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1 month ago

Da bilo je mnogo i tih drzavnih, placenih gusara. To su mahom bili oslobodjeni robovi, pirati koji su uhapseni pa im je poklinjen zivot i kriminalci. Za njih je to prakticno bio spas, jer nisu mogli nicim drugim da se bave.

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1 month ago

E bas me zanimalo sto su nosili povez na ocima, posto su po tome najpoznatiji...

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1 month ago

Mislila sam da su ili stvarno gubili oci, ili da su ga nosili da bi mozda lakse mogli da gledaju kroz durbine, nije mi palo na pamet da je to zbog navikavanja na mrak u potpalublju. U filmovima uvek imaju fenjer kada idu u potpalublje, a u stvarnosti nisu smeli da pale vatru na brodovima.

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1 month ago

That is very good article! You write it well and educate us with it's information. I can't imagine sailing and suddenly pirates showing up, lol. I could be dreaming of pirates later. Cheers!

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1 month ago

Pirates are stealing things from ships even nowadays, and that is horrible. Of course, any meeting with pirates is terrible experience. I am glad to see that you liked this post! Thank you!

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1 month ago

I know a lot about pirates as a boy I read books about pirates, but in your text I learned a lot of new, great text.

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1 month ago

many children love ot read about pirates, there is a great video game Pirates of the Caribbean, many movies. Pirates are very interesting, but things are not as they seem from those movies!

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1 month ago

Sve teme o kojima pises su ti jako interesantne :)

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1 month ago

Hvala puno! Trudim se da pronadjem teme koje ce biti zanimljive svima, i da pronadjem sto vise zanimljivosti, koje nisu opstepoznate, i ja sam naucila dosta novih stvari pisuci postove ovde.

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1 month ago

very interesting and deep article !

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1 month ago

I am glad you like it, I will try to find more interesting topics!

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1 month ago

veoma zanimljiv clanak moram priznati svaka cast za trud

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1 month ago

Hvala, trudicu se i nadalje da nalazim zanimljive teme, i podatke koji su manje poznati!

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1 month ago

Lep clanak o gusarima.O njima sam do sada znala vecinom iz filmova ili knjiga, ali sam sada saznala i nesto novo.

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1 month ago

Dosta toga sto vidimo u filmovima nije bilo bas tako. Pronasla sam jedan strucan rad, koji je pisao neko ko studira pomorstvo, i nasla podatke da je pirata bilo i kod nas. Recimo Herceg Novi i Ulcinj su bili uporista pirata.

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1 month ago

Ja spadam u one koji ne veruju u sve sto procitaju, i znam da to veoma cesto nije bas tako. Jedino je ovo tema sa kojom se do sada nisam sretala nesto vise.

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1 month ago

Iskrena da budem, o gusarima samo sam čitala kao dete u romanima i ni na kraj pameti da i danas postoje raznorazne grupacije ljudi po morima, putevima i tuda svuda koji su kao ti pirati koji su pre par vekova harali pustarama svetskim.

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1 month ago

Danas korsite glisere kojima prelaze sa svog broda na brod koji pljackaju, penju se na brod i otimaju sve sto tamo nadju. Spremni su cak i da ubiju zbog minimalne koristi. Princip je isti samo se se modernizovali. I danas ne napdaju ratne brodove, napadaju samo trgovacke, jer je politika svih trgovackih brodova da se piratim ne pruza otpor, da neko ne bi stradao.

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1 month ago

znam, skoro sam gledala film sa tom tematikom i baš sam se iznenadila.

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1 month ago