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The Alphabet of Vitamins

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Written by   693
7 months ago
Topics: Health, Vitamins

The letters assigned to vitamins are sometimes confusing. Some of them were used only for a short time; substances were re-defined, no longer considered as vitamins, or re-classified as belonging to the B-family; while others were never officially recognised at all. Whether genuine vitamins or not, it can be useful to be familiar with the alphabet of vitamins.

A, B-Complex, C, D, E, and Q10 are discussed in separate articles and therefore not included here. They are only mentioned in cases where they have had another appellation in the past. So-called pro-vitamins are not included either. I have not included medical products (drugs) nicknamed as vitamins; however, I will give an example of this in my next article.

A list of all my articles about vitamins and other nutrients are found here.

Vitamin B4, Adenine

Adenine is a purine, no longer classified as a vitamin. It is essential for cellular function and protein synthesis. B4 has also been associated with other substances.

Vitamin B8, Adenylic Acid

Adenylic Acid, no longer classified as a vitamin, is a nucleotide. It plays a role in protein synthesis and energy metabolism.

Vitamin B16, DMG, Dimethylglycine

This is not a vitamin. DMC is a substance synthesised in the Citric acid cycle.

Vitamin Bf, Carnitine

See Vitamin Bt below.

Vitamin Bh, Inositol

A part of the family of B-vitamins. See B-Vitamins III: Folic Acid, Biotin, Pantothenic Acid, Choline, Inositol.

Vitamin Bm, Myo-inositol

One of the nine stereoisomers of inositol.

Vitamin Bp

This is a compound young birds need in order to prevent perosis, a deficiency symptom leading to deformed leg bones. It is no a vitamin though; it can be replaced by Manganese and choline. This has no known application to humans.

Vitamin Bt, Carnitine

L-Carnitine, no longer classified as a vitamin, is an amino acid (derivative), which is important for fat metabolism and energy. See further in Co-Enzyme Q10 & Carnitine.

Vitamin F, Essential Fatty Acids

Essential fatty acids, sometimes called EFA, come in two groups: Omega-3 and Omega-6. Read more in Understanding Dietary Fats Part 1 (of 2) and Understanding Dietary Fats Part 2 (of 2).

Vitamin G, Riboflavin

Now vitamin B2. See B-Vitamins II: Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Cyanocobalamin.

Vitamin H, Biotin

Now vitamin B7. See B-Vitamins III: Folic Acid, Biotin, Pantothenic Acid, Choline, Inositol.

Vitamin J, Choline

Now classified as a B-vitamin. See B-Vitamins III: Folic Acid, Biotin, Pantothenic Acid, Choline, Inositol. “Vitamin J” has also been associated with other substances.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K comes in three forms: K1, which occurs naturally in e.g. green leaves and plants; K2, which can be produced by intestinal bacteria (if your microflora is in good order); and K3, which is synthetic.

Vitamin K is essential for normal blood coagulation and bone health (reducing the risk for osteoporosis), and it probably plays a role in liver health, although more studies are needed about that.

Some natural sources are: green leaves, and all green parts of plants; cabbage; various sprouts; soy, etc.

RDA is 80mg (males) and 65mg (females). Deficiency is rare and for a healthy individual supplementation is hardly needed.

Read also about The Synergy of Vitamin D & Vitamin K2

Vitamin L

Two forms are known: L1, Anthranilic Acid; and L2, Adenylthiomethylpentose.

No longer classified as a vitamin, Anthranilic acid plays a role in the protein synthesis. Required for lactation.

Vitamin M, Folic Acid

Now vitamin B9. See B-Vitamins III: Folic Acid, Biotin, Pantothenic Acid, Choline, Inositol.

Vitamin O

This is not a vitamin, but a supplement containing salt water and a little germanium. The manufacturers have claimed that it supplements the bloodstream with oxygen, thereby being an effective treatment for cancer, cardiovascular disease, etc. Whether it works or not is a matter of controversy. The manufacturers had to pay $375000 for making a "false health claim."

Vitamin P, Bioflavonoids

Bioflavonoids is a collective name for a number of water-soluble pigments. The "P" is derived from "permeability" because they strengthen the capillaries. See Pigments – Bioflavonoids.

Vitamin PP, Niacin

Now vitamin B3. See Nicotinic Acid, the Real Super Vitamin!

Vitamin Q, Coenzyme Q10

See Co-Enzyme Q10 & Carnitine.

Vitamin S, Salicylic Acid

Including this as an essential nutrient is a matter of scientific dispute, although it is not entirely unfounded to do so. Read more in Salicylic Acid: Is Aspirin a Vitamin?

Vitamin U, S-Methylmethionine

The healing power of raw cabbage has been known for a long time. It heals ulcers and various inflammations, internally and externally. This is manifested most dramatically in the gastrointestinal area.

In the 1950s, Dr. Garnett Cheney published results of his studies on the use of cabbage juice in the treatment of peptic ulcer. Raw juice was effective, but heated juice was not. Responsible for this was, he claimed, an unidentified substance he called vitamin U.

Interestingly, crushed or chopped cabbage (it must get wet), put externally over an inflamed joint can reduce or eliminate pain and reduce or cure inflammation. It must be tied tight over the joint using a gauze bandage. Apply this over night. Then repeat with fresh cabbage every night for some days or weeks. You will soon notice its effects.

Vitamin X, Tocopherol

Now called Vitamin E. See Vitamin E - A Powerful Vitamin.

Copyright © 2008, 2014, 2019, 2022 Meleonymica/Mictorrani. All Rights Reserved.

(Lead Image by Clker-Free-Vector-Images/Pixabay, CC0/Public Domain.)

Here you find my articles about vitamins, minerals & other nutrients, and those related to health & medicine.

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Written by   693
7 months ago
Topics: Health, Vitamins
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Comments

I really didn’t knew about all of this vitamins. Glad to know about all of this vitamins by read your article.

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7 months ago

The vitamin D is necessary for our body which we gain through sunshine radiations

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7 months ago

From sunshine,yes, but the conditions must be right as well. Read more here: https://read.cash/@Mictorrani/vitamin-d-underrated-vitamin-5ca83053

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7 months ago

I didn't know salicylic acid is a vitamin, I have been using one but it's a salicylic acid facial wash.

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7 months ago

It's a matter of dispute whether or not it should be called a vitamin, but nevertheless it's an important substance. You can read more about that here: https://read.cash/@Mictorrani/salicylic-acid-is-aspirin-a-vitamin-61990a03

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7 months ago

Hmm, Interesting post I thought that we don't have more than 10-15 vitamins but seeing this, it's a vast topic.

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7 months ago
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7 months ago

un gran resumen, en estos momentos de pandemia es importante prevenir y fortalecer el sistema inmunologico.

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7 months ago

Todas las vitaminas son importantes para eso. Tienes artículos sobre todos ellos aquí: https://read.cash/@Mictorrani/index-over-my-articles-at-read-cash-5f7c1e34#vitaminsmineralsnutrients

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7 months ago

What about the vitamin we get from the yellow early morning sun..

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7 months ago

The vitamin we can get from sun is vitamin D, and its not optimal to expose oneself in the morning when the sun is weak. Mid-day is the best, but don't overdo it, then sun can cause skin cancer. You can read more about vitamin D here: https://read.cash/@Mictorrani/vitamin-d-underrated-vitamin-5ca83053

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7 months ago

Ok, I will do that now

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7 months ago

vitamina D ideal a primera horas en la mañana, hace poco lo mencionaban en una serie de tv a una persona que estaba secuestrada y necesitaba sol, por el tiempo que estuvo sin nada de sol.

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7 months ago

Oh, I had to use translation to get the message, thanks for the reply, so this is Spanish right

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7 months ago

Wow you post a nice article. Its unique to my view.

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7 months ago

I never knew there were Vitamins L and X lol thank you very much. I am happy and thankful that I learned something new today.

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7 months ago

Well, vitamin L is no longer considered a vitamin, and vitamin X is nowadays known as vitamin E. But the old names can turn up in older texts.

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7 months ago

I must say that the new names is less complex and easier to understand 😂😂. How'd I learn all these alphabets

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7 months ago

It's not all that much, do you really think so?

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7 months ago

Many people can't understand the concept of creative thinking for vitamins, including myself, but this time, we can learn together with rational knowledge.

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7 months ago