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Picasso, at one stage of his long life, was one of the two artists who invented and developed cubism. Who was the other one?
Cubism was invented about 1907, by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. So, the right answer is Georges Braque.
Cubism, which, despite its name, has nothing to do with cubes, was the beginning or modern art and a new way to see art. The artist explored and analysed reality instead of trying to depict it realistically. The ideas of cubism still permeate so-called modern art.
The artists at the time, found the Western tradition of painting exhausted, there were no further possibilities to evolve it; they were searching for something new. At the same time the art of photography had taken over the role of realistic depiction and pictorial documentation – so art needed a new purpose. It was against that background cubism evolved, and after that “modern art” in general.
Golf. It is a little wooden support from which you hit the golf ball. It can also mean the area from which you begin the match.
Answer to Quiz 49:3
The recently deceased Queen Elizabeth II, was the only crowned and anointed monarch remaining in Europe. All other monarchies have abolished the coronation ceremony and replaced it with simpler rituals. How it will be with her son and successor, Charles III, still remains to be seen.
I think all of you know what a coronation is, it is a well-known procedure from film and literature. But what is anointment?
@fantagira answered “a religious ceremony of applying oil“, which is right. In connection with coronation of a monarch, anointment is a sign of that he or she got his or her power and position from God. It has its roots in old Israel and entered Christianity from there. Aaron was anointed high priest of the Israelites and kings as Saul and David were anointed by the prophet Samuel. One should also know that “Messiah” is Hebrew for “The Anointed One”, and “Christ” is the Greek equivalent. Thus anointment has a profound religious significance.
Answer to Quiz 49:4
The stapes is the smallest bone in a human body; where is it located?
Who has written “The Belgariad” and “The Malloreon”?
David Eddings (1931-2009).
“The Belgariad” and “The Malloreon” are both five volume series, closely connected to each other. The Malloreon is a continuation of “The Belgariad”. This is quite good high fantasy by a very skilled author. Perhaps being a little too “innocent” and “nice”, these books are still worth the while to read.
Artists in the past risked to become (and probably were) poisoned by a metal used for white colour. Which metal was that?
Later on, one started to make white from another metal, a non-poisonous one. It is still used. What metal is that?
The poisonous colour was lead white, and it is possible that some cases of madness among artists were caused by lead from this colour. Oil colour doesn't dry fast, it takes days and weeks, so even being in a room with lead white on still not dry paintings could have resulted in inhalation of lead.
Nowadays, one uses zinc white instead, and zinc is not poisonous.
Who was the actor who played Frankenstein's monster in the classical movies “Frankenstein” from 1931, “Bride of Frankenstein” from 1935, and “Son of Frankenstein” from 1939? His appearance in the films came to be normative for how people imagine the looks of this monster.