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Sisyphus - mythology

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Written by   52
1 year ago
Topics: Education

Hello my dear friends, due to the great interest in Greek mythology and for my friend who loves this topic @Feniks25, we continue writing.

Aeolus 'son, Glaucus' father and Bellerophon's grandfather, ancestor of the Lycian kings. Sisyphus, the wisest, most cunning and most corrupt mortal of ancient Greece, ruled Epirus in Argolida. For his wickedness, deceit, and deceit, which he did to men and gods, he was condemned to a severe punishment: , and he, in sweat and dust, again accepts his futile and arduous work.

Later legends also mention the reasons for his suffering. Zeus kidnapped the beautiful nymph Aegina and took her to the island of Enon. Her father, the river god Asop, searched in vain for her all over Greece, until Sisyphus, who saw Zeus taking Aegina from Acrocorinth, revealed the name of her kidnapper. Because of that betrayal, Zeus sent Sisyphus, the god of death Thanatos, but he caught and chained him to deception, and people stopped dying. To restore harmony to nature and punish the arrogant, the father of the gods ordered Ares to release Death. As soon as Ares completed that task, Thanatos dragged Sisyphus into the underworld. This time, too, the cunning king succeeded in outwitting the gods. Before the god of death grabbed him, Sisyphus ordered his wife Meropi to deny him all funeral honors. When he arrived in the realm of the dead, he begged the lords of the underworld, Hades and his wife Persephone, to bring him back to earth for a moment, in order to punish his godless wife. They did not see through his intentions and allowed him to come out into the light of day. Sisyphus did not even think of returning to the dark realm of the dead, but remained among his own and died in old age. Others say that after his death he was severely punished either because he revealed divine secrets to people (as the son of the god Aeolus, lord of all winds, he knew many divine secrets, but in his arrogance he could not keep them) or because of ungodliness, probably because raped Tire, the beautiful daughter of his brother Salmoneus.

According to one legend, the daughter of Tire, Salmoneus and Alcidica, famous for her wisdom, gave birth to her uncle Sisyphus with two twin sons. Salmoneus and Sisyphus, although they were born brothers, hated each other. Sisyphus was looking for a way to kill his brother, but Apollo's prophecy in Delphi announced that he would not succeed, but that the children that his niece Tire would give birth to would do. To destroy Salmoneus, Sisyphus kissed his daughter. Later, when she realized that he did not do it out of love for her, but out of hatred for her father, Tiro, in order to save her father, killed the sons she gave birth to Sisyphus.

Sisyphus, who was as cunning as a god, was also considered the father of another great cunning man - Odysseus. Someone stole cattle from Sisyphus during the night. Not far from him lived Autolik, the son of Hermes and Hion, who was a thief over thieves, because Hermes gave him the power to turn the animals he steals - horned into horny, white into black and vice versa. Thus, at first, Sisyphus could not determine who was stealing from him, although he noticed that his herd was constantly decreasing, while Autolikovo was increasing. To discover the thief, Sisyphus one day marked the hooves of all his cattle. During the night, Autolik, as usual, went to steal, and at dawn, following the tracks on the road, Sisyphus reached Autolik's barns and easily recognized his cattle by the markings on their hooves. Autolik realized that the most cunning man was in front of him. Wanting to get an equally cunning grandson, he subjugated Sisyphus to his daughter Anticlea, and then, already pregnant, he soon married Laertes. Anticlea gave birth to Laertes' son Odysseus, whose real father was Sisyphus.

It was later narrated that Sisyphus was the king of Epirus and the founder of Ephirah (a city later known as Corinth), the son of Aeolus and Enaretus, the brother of Atamant, Salmoneus, Crete, Perrier, Deion and Magnet. In addition to the two sons who bore him Tiro, Minija, Almos, Ornit and Tersandar are mentioned as his children. Some say that the famous sorceress Medea, before she went to Colchis, handed over power over Corinth to Sisyphus, and that Asopus, because of his help in finding Aegina, gave him the source of the Pyrenees on Acrocorinth. When Melikert, Atamant's younger son, jumped into the sea with his mother Inon, the dolphin brought their bodies ashore; Sisyphus buried them, and then, in honor of his cousin, he established the Isthmian games.

Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides used the myth of Sisyphus for their plays, which have not been preserved.

Literature:

• Dragoslav Srejović - Aleksandrina Cermanović-Kuzmanović, Recnik grčke i rimske mitologije, drugo izdanje, Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga, 1987

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Written by   52
1 year ago
Topics: Education
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Comments

Myth of Sisyphus is so many times mentioned when someone doing job with no purpose and use. When someone do with hard over and over again and he didn't finished that job and didn't take rest from that job and always make cycles.. Endless. This is myth everyone should know and tell everyone who don't know.

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1 year ago

Yes, the myth of Sisyphus is very instructive, when someone does a job that is not realistic it is said to be a Sisyphus job.

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1 year ago

One of the most famous pictures :) Your articles continue to delight me. I am very glad that you are writing articles like this. Greeting

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1 year ago

Thanks, I'm happy that someone likes my articles, that we've all seen that picture before.

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1 year ago

He was a smart, resourceful, cunning but also cruel king. He managed to deceive several Greek gods and in the end he was punished for pushing a round stone along the hill forever, so that when he reached the top, the stone rolled from the long side to the base. He had to go down again and start pushing the stone up the hill from the beginning.

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1 year ago

Not only does the @Feniks25 love mythology, I love it too

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1 year ago

It seems that, from this point of view, this myth is an allegory of all humanity. Pushing a stone represents a struggle, that is, our life, while rolling a stone represents our death, that is, the negation of a struggle. Mankind is seemingly doomed to the eternal struggle it loses at the very beginning. However, the point is precisely in our attitude towards that struggle. We cannot say that every individual is Sisyphus because not everyone feels the anguish of existence symbolized by the stone of Sisyphus. For an individual, who instead of anxiety feels the joy of living, life is not a struggle in the true sense of the word, but a joy whose duration he will watch to use as well as possible. It is pointless to claim that quantity is more important than quality of life. Quantity is only a condition for the emergence of quality that has the role of the ultimate goal. If we were deprived of quality, then we would reject the goal and thus sink into absurdity. Rejecting quantity completely, on the other hand, we deny quality, like everything else including the absurd.

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1 year ago

Let me agree that this myth is an allegory of all humanity and that pushing a stone is carrying a burden through life, and that the most important thing is the quality of life.

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1 year ago

Mythology is very interesting, thank you for sharing this article

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1 year ago

thank you for reading, I hope you enjoyed it.

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1 year ago

Thank you for these posts about Greek mythology it is for me the most interesting to read so go ahead

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1 year ago

Very interesting and interesting story, keep writing.

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1 year ago

Thank you, if you liked the article, keep reading, and I will try to write further.

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1 year ago

Well done, my friend, your writing about mythology allows me to learn everything I didn't know before ...

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1 year ago

great if your interested in mythology, follow and i will write more on that topic.

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1 year ago

Just keep writing, I will follow your articles ... By the way, I wish you a lot of success in this topic!

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1 year ago