The right to work is a human right guaranteed I believe in the constitution of every country (In Serbia it certainly is) Workers have been fighting since the 19th century to exercise their rights, first the right to fair wages, then the right to eight hours of work, and later other things
Did you know that there is an international organization that deals with the promotion of social justice and international human and labor rights. It is the International Labor Organization( ILO). It was founded at the end of the First World War by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 (last year it celebrated 100 years of existence).
The International Labor Organization (ILO) is a specialized UN agency that seeks to promote social justice and international human and labor rights. It was founded in 1919 and is the only surviving international organization of the Treaty of Versailles provided by the UN system.
It can be said that the ILO is built on its fundamental Statutory principle that universal and lasting peace can only be established if it is based on social justice. It is this organization that has given the most important "seals" to industrial society, such as eight-hour working hours, maternity protection, laws related to child labor, as well as policies that promote job security and peaceful industrial relations. It also provides the international institutional framework necessary to address these issues and to find solutions and create opportunities to improve working conditions worldwide. In 1969, on its fiftieth birthday, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize.
The ILO became the first specialized UN agency in 1946. The ILO formulates international labor standards in the form of conventions or recommendations setting minimum standards on basic labor rights, such as: freedom of association, the right to organize, collective bargaining, the abolition of forced labor, equality in equal treatment and treatment, and other standards governing conditions. relate to the full range of labor law issues.
Primarily provides technical support in the fields of:
-professional training and rehabilitation at work;
-labor law and industrial relations;
- working conditions;
-management staff development;
- social security;
- work statistics and occupational safety and health.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) issues conventions and recommendations.The conventions are binding on all ILO member countries, while the recommendations only recommend what or how to do or explain the conventions in more detail.
The ILO promotes the development of independent employers 'and workers' organizations and provides training and advisory services to those organizations.
Unlike other specialized agencies of the United Nations, the International Labor Organization is a tripartite organization, ie an organization that has a three-member governing structure representing governments, employers and workers. The rationale for the three-member structure is to create a free and open debate between governments and the social partners.
The ILO has three bodies that reflect this tripartite structure: the International Labor Conference, which represents the highest body, the Administrative Body, which has an executive function, and the International Labor Office, which represents the Permanent Secretariat in Geneva
The International Labor Conference is held once a year (in June, in Geneva) and each member state is represented by four delegates (two representing the government, one employers and one workers, with so-called "technical" advisers). Representatives of employers and workers are appointed independently by their parent organizations and their right to vote is independent. Accordingly, when making decisions, they can vote against the opinion of their governments, and they may have conflicting opinions among themselves
The ILO's administrative body is the executive body that manages the work of the ILO between sessions of the International Labor Conference. It meets three times a year and discusses and makes decisions on various issues.
As of April 2016, the International Labor Organization has 187 members. Of the 193 UN members, 186 are ILO members. The ILO constitution allows any UN member to become a member of the International Labor Organization. To be admitted to membership, a potential member must notify the Secretary-General that he accepts all obligations under the ILO Constitution. Other states can be admitted to membership if they receive the votes of two-thirds of all delegates, including two-thirds of the votes of government delegates when voting on membership that can take place at any of the ILO conferences.
Unfortunately, we know that human and labor rights are not respected everywhere in the world. I sincerely believe that lasting peace could only be achieved if the basic principles on which the ILO is based are respected:Universal and lasting peace can only be established if it is based on social justice.