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Figs (Ficus carica) are one of the older cultivated plants. They originate from the area below the Himalayas and thrive very well in the eastern Mediterranean area. The largest producer is Turkey, followed by Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and Iran. They are often used in traditional medicine, where preparations from fruits, leaves or other parts of plants are used. Fruits that have a sweet taste due to their high sugar content and low acid content are suitable for consumption.
TYPES OF FIGS:
There are more than 150 species of figs that differ from each other, more in color than in structure. They are the best known and most widespread species:
-mission (with black-purple shell and pink flesh),
-kadota (with green shell and purple flesh),
-calimyrna (with a greenish-yellow shell and brownish flesh),
-Adriatic fig (with bright green shell and flesh of intense pink color).
Figs are an important part of the Mediterranean diet, they contain sugars, dietary fiber, minerals and polyphenols. Due to the high content of sugars, especially glucose and fructose, and the low content of organic acids, they have a sweet taste. They have a high satiety value, which means that you get full quickly after eating.
fRUCTOSE-HARMFUL OR NOT?
Fructose is a sugar to which our body has become accustomed over the centuries of consumption, due to the slower digestion of fiber, fructose passes to the liver in smaller quantities. Therefore, the liver has no problems with it. Ordinary processed white sugar, on the other hand, is digested very quickly and reaches the liver in huge doses, which are difficult to deal with effectively.The fruit contains fructose. And if we overdo it with eating fruit, it could really hurt us. But fruit is hard to eat too much. Because it contains fiber, it needs to be chewed, it also satiates us faster. Therefore, unlike biscuits, it is practically impossible to eat so much fruit that its fructose could actually harm us.
Figs consume many minerals, namely magnesium, iron, calcium, copper and potassium. Our body needs iron for good blood. Calcium for healthy bones. Potassium, however, must be consumed regularly if we do not want to have high blood pressure. Figs also contain vitamins K and B6, as well as some vitamins A and E. They also contain powerful antioxidant phenols.
Compounds with potential anti-cancer effects - benzaldehyde and coumarin - were also found in figs. These compounds are still being researched, and the results are promising, especially in the treatment of prostate cancer.
They have a beneficial effect on blood cholesterol levels.They found a high polyphenol content and strong antioxidant activity. A darker type of fig and a more intense color are also a guarantee for more beneficial molecules and antioxidants.
By consuming fiber, we ensure good digestion. As well as for a healthy gut. Without these microorganisms, however, there is no well-functioning immune system. Researchers even have more and more evidence that they affect our well-being!Fiber helps with metabolism, so it is an essential nutrient if we want a beautiful physique and a healthy weight.
WE CAN EAT FRESH FIGS OR DRIED FIGS.
When eating fresh figs, wash them gently in cold water first. If you put the figs at room temperature for a while before eating, they will only really develop their flavor.
Figs are a delicate fruit. If they are already ripe, store them in the refrigerator. Eat them as soon as possible, preferably in a day or two. If they are not yet ripe, let them ripen on the kitchen counter. They are most delicious when they are soft and slightly wilted in appearance. If a drop of honey is made at the bottom of the fig, it is a sign of good maturity and quality. When they are just right ripe, they also have the most antioxidants.
It is most desirable, of course, to eat fresh fruit. Fresh fruits have a sweet taste and are suitable for immediate consumption, but it is not possible to store fresh fruits for a long time. Figs can be eaten whole, peeled or just the stalk removed. The way figs are eaten depends on the type of fig and the desire of the individual.
Figs can be a tasty substitute for sweets.
Snacks (especially dry) are very popular during meals, as they significantly reduce the feeling of hunger - of course only for a short time! Due to their excellent composition, they also help with fatigue, weakness, inability to work, have a good effect on the ability to concentrate and mood, eliminate nervousness and help women with menstrual problems.
Dried figs - you can also dry them yourself.Sun-dried figs, apricots and dates have always been preserved, which is still the most valued technique, although artificial heat drying is gaining ground. Successful drying is only possible in countries where the climate is dry at harvest time. The speed and success of drying depends on the relative humidity, temperature, fruit size and variety.
WE CAN ALSO PREPARE JAMS FROM FIGS:
Figs have been a part of a healthy diet for centuries. Because they are an ancient and unaltered fruit - so man did not interfere with them by crossing, let alone other interventions, they are - in addition to wild berries - practically the healthiest fruit you can eat.