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Problems and Some Solutions in Mechanizing Philippine Farms

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Written by   210
2 months ago

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The mechanization in the Philippines is on the upswing as farmers now show more willingness to mechanize their farm. This is according to the Philippine center for post-harvest for development and Mechanization or PhilMech, but Philippines is still left behind compared to other asian countries like Japan and Thailand having an advanced farm mechanizations.

The majority of farmers are tenants. Average monthly income of farmers is also limited by mechanization. Equally, the education and training of farmers and operators is insufficient and needs to be stepped up by both government agencies and machinery firms. Among the problems faced with the use of agricultural machinery, the high cost of equipment rated first followed by the high cost of small fuel Scale of farm holdings and high repair and maintenance costs. Other problems faced were:

 local computer unavailability, unpaid bank loans and unavailability of spare parts.

Among the issues affecting agricultural mechanization in the Philippines are appropriate combination of hand tools, animal draft and mechanical power technologies for each specific condition and introduction of appropriate level of technology as determined by financial capacity of farmers. These need to be given attention by both government and private sectors to maximize production.

Filipino farmers' knowledge of farm mechanization and land reform seems to be very low, and they also have financial difficulties when considering the adoption of farm mechanization and land reform. It is therefore very necessary to raise awareness among farmers and 

also to provide financial subsidies to farmers who are willing to implement mechanization and land reform.

However, the Philippines is classified at low-mechanization level (Suministrado, 2013). Several reasons are: low buying power of farmers, abundance of rural labor, very small landholdings per farmer, high cost of machines, and government policies not favorable to mechanizing agriculture.

Promoting farm mechanization in the Philippines has also been constrained by the small-sized, unaccessible rice fields especially during the rainy season, irregular, and non-geometric-shaped farm areas.

Mechanizing these lands can be inefficient due to too much maneuvering in operations like land preparation and harvesting. The use of machinery and other large-scale agricultural practices is hampered.

Therefore, in order to improve farm mechanization and the application of advanced technology to small farm production systems , it is important to rearrange small farm lots to economic clusters. This includes the reformation and reallocation of land parcels to achieve economies of scale, as well as the grouping of farmers into functional groups.

The Philippine government had to pursue farm clustering and utilized farmers’ organizations to implement mechanization programs. While the scheme enhanced farmers’ awareness on the use of farm machinery, its utilization was not fully maximized due to inappropriateness of the machines to the random lay-out, irregular-shaped and small-sized farms. Unavailable access roads prevented machines from easily traversing each rice field. Irrigation water was also not efficiently utilized at farmers’ level because of uneven landscape of rice fields.

The Philippine government together with our dear Agricultural Engineers must take act from this situation. Budget must be doubled in agricultural sector. Philippines are very rich in agricultural land, it may be the solution for a high economic growth of our country. Instead of importing rice, vegetables etc. government must end this and take a look into our local farmers and their products.


References:

E. Bautista (2017). Farmer’s Perception on farm mechanization and land reformation in the Philippines. Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture. DOI: 10.12719/KSIA.2017.29.3.242

Food and Agriculture organization of the united nation. Retrieved from: https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=PH9111038 [Accessed on: August, 2020]

https://youtu.be/qO15qSUl6NE

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Comments

Great article and aside from that this is the first time I've seen an article here that has proper citation in the last part of it. As a researcher (self-proclaimed lol) I am happy we still see that kind of references formatting here.

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2 months ago

When it comes to that kind of things citation is important. Its hard to sued with copyright infringement. Creepy. Specially when you will passed it to your professor it is a must to put citation and references.

As a researcher (self-proclaimed lol) I am happy we still see that kind of references formatting here.

WOOOOOh you are a researcher. Nice knowing that. Research and thesis sucks. Sakit sa ulo. Haha

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2 months ago

Just self-proclaimed. I love doing research. My major focuses on research that's why. Hehe. I couldn't agree more, it is a pain doing this, especially reading tons of references.

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2 months ago

Tenant din father ko, pro dito samin may kasunduan na sila na every crop 7sacks of rice lg bigay sa may ari. Kami din kasi gumagastos sa sakahan. Buti ngayon maganda harvest, pro may times din na sakto lg sa ginastos. Ang mahal na ng gastos sa palayan ngayon pro ang mura ng kuha. May mga makina na dito samin ng pangbungkal ng lupa pro ang mahal. Sa ngayon nasa 600/hr na. And mahiral din dito samin, walang irigasyon. Almost 3weeks na kami nakapag harvest pro until now di pa kmi nakapagpatanim ulit dahil sa walang tubig. Umulan man di pa din kakayanin, so kailangan ulit gumastos pra sa patubig. Sana madagdagan budget pra sa mga magsasaka, at kung may budget man wag nasa makurakot.

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2 months ago

Opo may sakahan din kami ang mahal talaga ng gastos. Buti sainyo may mga makinarya na. Saamin mano mano parin . Oo mga ang mahal ng artikala sa gamit.

Opo, sana nga mas mapagtuunan ng pansin ng gobyerno ang mga magsasaka sa pilipinas.

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2 months ago

Meron po pro kukunti pa lang kaya nga mahal bayad. Kaya iba mas pinipili pa rin mano mano, hindi naman lahat kaya magbayad. Pagsasaka at pangingisda lg din pagkakakitaan ng iba dito samin.

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2 months ago

Yes po totoo, mostly here sa place namin tenants po ang mga farmers, minsan lugi pa po sila lalo now na paiba iba po ang panahon, dati tatlong beses po ang cropping nila now dalawa nalang minsan isa nalang nga po gawa ng panahon.. Di pa rin high tech yung kagamitan nila Sir ang iba mano mano pa rin kalabaw pa rin ang gamit sa pagbungkal ng lupa.

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2 months ago

Yan nga ang napalaking problema ng ating bansa sir. Kami halos tenant man din. Although may sarili man kami na lupa. Dati hatian 3/4 sa may ari the rest yun lang ang makukuha ng nagtrabaho. Pero buti ngayon 50-50 na. Oo madami talagang nalulugi na tenant lalo na pag napipirwisyo tanim. Nakakawa mga farmer natin dito sa pinas. Binibili ng napakamura mga crop. Kaya halos yung mayayaman lang umaasenso. With regards sa mechanizing kahirap kasi ang mahal. Thats why government must take act.

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2 months ago

Yes po sana magpag tuunan talaga ng pansin ng government, kase isa po yan sa napakaimportanteng pangkabuhayan at needs ng tao. ..Kaya lang tagal na po na isyu yan Sir ilang presedente na rin ang pumalit. Nakaka Sad lang po..

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2 months ago

Oo nga eh di nila ma address halos agricultural land ang pilipinas sinasayang lang nila. Angkat na angkat pa sa ibang bansa ng bigas meron din naman tayong local products, kung tinuunan ng pansin ng pagpalawak ng sakahan sa ating bansa di na magkakaroon ng shortage ng bigas at aangkat pa ibang bansa.

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2 months ago