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Quizzes & Puzzles 55

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Written by   693
3 months ago

Some new problems with which to exercise the brain. But first a look at answers and solutions to Quizzes & Puzzles 54. New problems below the image (cartoon).

Answer to Quiz 54:1

How many nucleobases are there in DNA?

There are four: adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine.

In this context, it is quite interesting that Pythagoras claimed:

"the quaternity defines all earthly possibilities".

Answer to Quiz 54:2

Through movies, such as “Jurassic Park”, the Jurassic has become well-known for the general public. It's a geologic period (201.3-145 million years ago), best known for its dinosaurs. But which geologic period preceded the Jurassic?

Before the Jurassic, it was the Triassic period (251.9-201.3 million years ago), and after the Jurassic came the Cretaceous Period (145-66 million years ago). These three periods were the era of the dinosaurs, the Mesozoic era.

If you are interested in dinosaurs, read my articles on the topic:

Answer to Quiz 54:3

Can you give an example of an achromatic colour?

@fantagira knew that black and white are achromatic colours – but let's add grey as well. Other colours are called chromatic colours.

Answer to Quiz 54:4

The human tongue has receptors for five tastes. For a long time it was believed that the tastes were just four: sweet, sour, bitter, and salty, but in 2002 it was discovered that we have taste buds for a fifth taste as well. What is the fifth taste called?

It is called Umami – which is Japanese for “essence of deliciousness”. Scientifically, it is the taste of an amino acid, glutamate. You can add this taste to any food by adding MSG (monosodium glutamate).

As @fantagira knew, mushrooms have the fifth taste, umami, and glutamate exists naturally in many foodstuffs – for instance aged cheese, tomatoes, seaweeds, green tea, mushrooms, cured meat, fish, shellfish, ...

Answer to Quiz 54:5

By winning the three most prestigious tournaments in the world (not necessarily the same year), you become a member of the Triple Gold Club. It has presently 30 members (eleven of them are Canadians and nine are Swedes). Which sport are we talking about?

We are talking about ice-hockey. To become a member of the Triple Gold Club, you must have gold from the Olympic tournament, from the world championships, and you must have won Stanley Cup.

Answer to Quiz 54:6

There is only one actor/actress who has won four Oscars. Who?

Katharine Hepburn. She was nominated 12 times and won it four times for Best Actress: in “Morning Glory” in 1934, in “Guess Who's Coming to Dinner“ in 1968, in “The Lion in Winter” in 1969, and the last one in “On Golden Pond” in 1982.

Answer to Quiz 54:7

Macintosh is a well-known name in the computer age, but it is not only Apple – it is also something associated with certain clothing, nowadays often written Mackintosh. What is “a Mackintosh”?

Charles Macintosh (1766–1843) invented a method to make fabric waterproof, and after him Macintosh, or Mackintosh, is that waterproof material – or, in Britain, a Mac is a raincoat made of that material. @Mhizutty knew a part of this.

And now some new exercises for brain & memory...

Quiz 55:1

Most people have heard about “the four body fluids” and that someone's temperament was determined by them. Then we also got “the four temperaments” - each temperament corresponding to one body fluid.

  • Which were the four body fluids?

  • Which were the four temperaments?

  • For each body fluid: to which temperament was it related?

Quiz 55:2

In 1873, Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof created a language, an international auxiliary language. It is still used, allegedly it has around 2 million users, and is the largest artificial language in the world. What is this language called?

Quiz 55:3

A trident is a three-pronged spear, often used as a symbol. I have three questions about tridents:

  • A trident is a symbol of a god in Graeco-Roman mythology, what's his name?

  • It is also the weapon of a god in Hindu mythology, what is the name of that god?

  • A trident is the emblem of a luxury car as well, which car?

Quiz 55:4

Hannibal Heyes and Kid Curry were the main characters in a Western series from the 1970s, what was the name of the series?

Quiz 55:5

What is weighed in the unit "momme", where 1 standard momme equals 3750 mg?

Note: we are not talking about silk!

Quiz 55:6

The author of the classic “Candide” is best known under his pen name, but what was his real name?

Quiz 55:7

Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation is an important and versatile technology. In daily speech, however, it is not called that, but something much simpler - what is it called? (You have all heard about it.)


You'll find answers and solutions in the next “Quizzes & Puzzles”.

Quizzes & Puzzles has its own label in my Index, where all issues of the series can be found.

In my INDEX, you can find all my writings on Read.Cash, sorted by topic.

Copyright © 2022 Meleonymica/Mictorrani. All Rights Reserved

(Cartoon by Christian Dorn/Pixabay, CC0/Public Domain.)

(All timages are in the Public Domain.)

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Comments

I know no answers this time 😅

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3 months ago

55:1 I know the elements each temperament is associated with, but not the body fluids. The temperaments are: Melancholic; Phlegmatic; Choleric; Sanguine.

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3 months ago

Yes, so far it is right. And it is true that they are also associated with the four elements. I just didn't want to make the question too complex by asking about that too.

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3 months ago

Ain't really sure but in Quiz 55:3, is it Lord Shiva?

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3 months ago

That's entirely correct, it's Lord Shiva.

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3 months ago

Trident holder in Hindu God Mythology is Lord Shiva! And Maserati company uses the trident emblem in their cars.

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3 months ago

Hindu god lord Shiva and the Maserati company are right.

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3 months ago

Okay, didn't know the car, lol, but the Graeco-Roman god with a trident was Poseidon/ Neptune.

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3 months ago

Yes, of course. Poseidon (Greek name) or Neptune (Roman name).

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3 months ago

Quiz 55:2

-Esperanto

Quiz 55:7

-LASER

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3 months ago

Esperanto and LASER - both correct! And you were the first to answer as well.

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3 months ago

Glad to know that I got it. Thanks for your quizzes Mictorrani 🤩

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3 months ago