Everyone knows Medicine or drug. We bought it through a Doctor's prescription. But do you ever think a drug is named? Maybe not. then this article is for you. So
A drug may have following 4 names:
1. code name: is the first name that is given by the pharmaceutical manufacturer. after the synthesis of a lot of chemical compounds some code names are given before screening. it may be an abbreviation, a numerical, or combination of both.
2.chemical name: it is the name used by organic chemist to indicate the chemical structure of the drug. It is unsuitable for prescribing.
3. Generic name(officially approved): This is given by an official agency, eg WHO. The generic names diazepam, nitrazepam, flurazepam all are of Benzodiazepines.The WHO chooses recommended International Non proprietary Names (rINN). most countries have used rINNs for many years. USA is an exception. in the UK the British approved Name (BAN) system is being modified such that the rINN name is adopted. eg: adrenaline is the BAN, epinephrine is the RINN name.
4. Trade(proprietary/commercial/brand) name: it is a trade mark applied to particular formulations of a particular substance by a particular manufacturer. Eg. Napa or Ace is the brand name of Paracetamol. Losectil is the commercial name of omeprazole. Manufacture is confined to the owner of the trademark. It is designed to maximize the difference between the names of a similar drugs marketed by rivals for obvious commercial reasons.
eg: A common drug worldwide used (paracetamol)
chemical name: Acetaminophen
Generic name: Paracetamol
Trade name: Napa, Ace