Agriculture and Technology in the 21st Century

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2 years ago

Global agriculture would have to feed more than nine billion people in just a couple of decades. One secret to mastering this enormous challenge is new technology. One of the essentials of life is food. Nothing connects us to the other seven billion people on this Planet more effectively than this simple need.And no problem is more fundamental than supplying humanity with a stable and effective supply of nutrient.With many dimensions and a surprisingly basic fundamental tenet, this is a complex socio-economic task: we must produce a lot more food. Under ever more complex climate conditions, this will have to be achieved on arable lands that can not be extended and maintain a delicate balance between a number of interests. One of the keys to combating hunger and poverty is increasing agricultural production. That is how the FAO, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, puts it.

According to a scenario published by the FAO at the World Summit on Food Security , food production would have to increase by approximately 70 % by 2050 in order to guarantee food supply to the population of the Planet, which will then amount to approximately nine billion. For example , demand for grain will increase from today's 2.1 billion tons to around three billion tons in 2050. For humans and the animal world, these estimates involve calories and fodder. Any future demand for biofuel production was not included. Development of populations, urbanization, climate change, water scarcity, depletion of land. There are numerous and varied factors influencing the global nutrient supply, and the challenges are immense.These challenges have an impact not only on legislators and governments, but especially on farmers right at the beginning of the food chain. The key question here is: how can we generate more and more when less and less is being used? Agricultural technology will assume a decisive role for Professor Karlheinz K├Âller, Chairman of the Department of Process Technology in Crop Production at the Institute of Agricultural Technology, University of Hohenheim. "It would not be possible to ensure adequate, resource-conserving and sustainable production of food, fodder and energy crops without additional motorization and mechanization." Soil conservation, precision farming, the use of electronics, and energy efficiency are the main factors for the future growth of modern agriculture.

We need to provide help to our farmers in this sort of situation. The government must have a plan on how the farmers will be helped. We are now in the modern era, so, little by little, we have to improve our agriculture. I want to support farmers as a student of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering and as a potential engineer, because we are in the 21st century, I want to improve the mechanization of agricultural machinery, improve farming, help farmers, and solve the problems that farmers face specifically in agriculture. As a future engineer, it is our goal to study how agriculture works and deal with agricultural problems and to help farmers improve their farming. Machines in the field of agriculture are not the only challenge, but there are many more. So, it's our responsibility to solve the problems in the future and to help the farmers in our way. Agriculture is very important to us because agriculture revolves around the things we need in our daily lives, and they are important to our farmers as well. These days, for the betterment of our nation and the people of this country, we need to strengthen and expand our agriculture so that we can have ample supplies of goods and we do not need to import products from other countries. The modern age, a time that makes us change a lot, but we don't change at all. So, for the betterment of our country, we need to start and make progress.

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