The Spanish Colonization that lasted for 3 Centuries (Part 4)

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3 years ago

Legazpi's Expedition was supposed to be peaceful, but a Rajah of Cebu challenged him, followed by his continuous conquest up north sending one of his crew to explore the rich resources of Luzon. But they tried to ally with our local leaders until they established a new settlement declaring it as the capital & seat of the Spanish East Indies.

Aside from the government's declaration, the walled city of Intramuros began construction on June 24, 1571. Until the Tagalog Revolt sparked in 1574, led by Rajah Sulayman & Lakan Dula. In this article, I'm going to discuss my previous articles on different revolts, including key figures, and discover other revolts during the Spanish Colonization in the Philippines.

Most revolts mentioned ended only a few days, or a year, the other one took 85 years, and a key figure who was a Sultan declared war against the Spaniards. The cause of these movements can be a religious conflict, rules of the church, and against the system.

The Dagami Revolt

Months after the Legazpi Expedition when they landed on Samar of February 22, 1565, to forge alliances with our local leaders, and establishing a town to honor the image of Santo NiƱo de Cebu after challenging Rajah Tupas of April 27, 1565. The Dagami Revolt was the 1st Filipino uprising of the 16th Century.

Led by Chief Dagami of Gabi (present-day town of Palo, Leyte), along with 16 men and 4 other chiefs. Their objective was to assassinate Spanish soldiers. On May 23, 1565, Pedro de Arana, one of Legazpi's aide-de-camp was ambushed as he was speared then cut off his head, and feasted his body as they continue to hunt more Spaniards.

Dagami led a series of attacks, which led them to unsolved cases, but in December 1566, Legazpi called all the local leaders and forced them to identify who were the masterminds after two Spaniards died after drinking wine mixed with poison. The Tagalog Revolt of 1574 is now mentioned from my previous article. Next is?

The Pampanga Revolt of 1585

This uprising was started by native Kapampangan leaders who oppose the encomenderos, who had deprived them of their historical land inheritances as Datus. Their objective was to storm the walled city, but it was foiled before it started when a Filipina married a Spanish soldier reported the plot to the authorities.

Governor-General de Vera sends both Filipino & Spanish troops as the leaders were arrested and executed.

The Maharlika Conspiracy (1587-1588)

Known as the Tondo Conspiracy. It was a plot by the Datus of Manila, and by noblemen from some towns of Bulacan & Pampanga. Led by Agustin de Legazpi, and Martin Pangan. They swore to revolt against the Spaniards, but it failed when they were denounced by Antonio Surabao.

The Cagayan and Dingras Revolt of 1589

Known as the Revolts against the Tribute, occurred in Luzon in the provinces of Cagayan and Ilocos Norte. The Ilocanos, Ibanags, and other Filipinos resisted alleged abuses by the tax collectors, including the collection of high taxes. 6 tax collectors who had arrived from Vigan were killed by the natives signifying the start of the revolt.

Governor-General de Vera sent Filipino & Spanish troops to subdue the rebels but eventually pardoned making the tax system reformed.

The Magalat Revolt of 1596

A rebel from Cagayan named Magalat was arrested in Manila for rebellion against the Spanish. Then later released after urging by some Dominican priests, and returned to Cagayan. Together with his brother, he encouraged his fellowmen to fight against the Spaniards. He soon controlled the entire province, but the Spanish found themselves besieged.

Governor-General de Guzman sent troops to eliminate the rebels. Magalat was assassinated by his men within his fortified headquarters.

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