Electrical Controls at Home

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Avatar for noisytoothie
3 years ago
Topics: Education, Learning

Before you proceed in this article, you might want to first read my previous articles Advance Electrical Controls for Smart Agriculture and Limit Switch (An Electric Control) for you to further understand electrical controls.

Basically, what I will present to you are some of the electrical controls I found here at our home. Sometimes, we also need to apply what we learned for us to better understand the concepts of certain topics. Hope you enjoy reading!


Circuit Breaker
  • Uses and Functions

In its simplest form, a circuit breaker is an automatic circuit protection system. Breakers are installed in an electrical panel (breaker box) and each circuit is attached to a singular breaker. The breaker will monitor the circuit and in the event of a complication such as an overload, the breaker will immediately shut off that circuit. This is often colloquially called a “breaker trip” or “tripping a breaker” and it commonly happens when appliances or equipment acts up or too many high-power draw  tools  are placed (plugged into) a single circuit.

  • Installation/Assembly Process

1. Turn off the power supply to the electrical panel.

2. Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused locations.

3. Remove the electrical panel cover.

4. Test the panel to make sure the power is off.

5. Find an unused space next to or between existing circuit breakers.

6. Make sure you have the correct circuit breaker.

7. Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position.

8. Align the circuit breaker with the bars in the panel.

9. Firmly press on the circuit breaker to seat it onto the bus bar.

10. Connect the circuit wiring to the electrical panel.

11. Remove knockout plates from your cover as needed.

12. Clean all foreign objects out of the panel and reinstall the cover.

13. Turn on the main breaker and test your new circuit breaker.

14. Label the circuit breaker.

Fuse Box
  • Uses and Functions

A fuse box sends the right amount of electric power to each circuit connected to it. The device can also switch off power supply to a specific circuit. Fuse boxes play a crucial role in protecting your home from electrical fires. ... Usually electrical circuits require a 15 amps fuse or circuit breaker.

  • Installation/Assembly Process

1. Determine the Amperage Load.

2. Purchase Correct Fuse Box.

3. Disconnect power from Main Meter.

4. Remove fuses.

5. Disconnect Wires.

6.Remove fuse box.

7. Install and Wire the New Fuse Box.

8. Install new fuses

Lighting Switch
  • Uses and Functions

    A light switch is a switch most commonly used to operate electric lights, permanently connected equipment, or electrical outlets. Portable lamps such as table lamps may have a light switch mounted on the socket, base, or in-line with the cord.

  • Installation/Assembly Process

1. Purchase a new light switch that meets your requirements at a local home repair or hardware store.

2. Disconnect the power to the light switch at your home’s electrical service panel

3. Test the switch.

4. Remove the switch plate cover.

5. Unscrew the switch's mounting screws.

6. Remove the switch.

7. Pull out the switch.

8. Check the wires inside the wall box and identify each wire.

9. Disconnect the wires from the old switch.

10. Begin connecting the wires to the new switch.

11. Attach the white (neutral) wire to the silver screw terminal.

12. Attach the copper (grounding) wire to the green screw terminal on the opposite side of the switch.

13. Double-check that the switch is properly oriented.

14. Carefully push the wires back into the box and then push the switch up against the edge of the box and tighten the mounting screws into place.

15. Replace the switch plate and tighten the screws into place.

16. Return to the breaker box and turn the power to the light switch back on.

TV Remote Control
  • Uses and Functions

An electronic device used to operate another device from a distance, usually wirelessly. In consumer electronics, a remote control can be used to operate devices such as a television set, DVD player or other home appliance. A remote control can allow operation of devices that are out of convenient reach for direct operation of controls. They function best when used from a short distance. 

  • Installation/ Assembly Process

The signal between a remote control handset and the device it controls consists of pulses of infrared light, which is invisible to the human eye but can be seen through a digital camera, video camera or a phone camera. The transmitter in the remote control handset sends out a stream of pulses of infrared light when the user presses a button on the handset. A transmitter is often a light emitting diode (LED) which is built into the pointing end of the remote control handset. The infrared light pulses form a pattern unique to that button. The receiver in the device recognizes the pattern and causes the device to respond accordingly.

Did you learn something? Now it's your turn to do the same. Try to analyze and discover something you usually use in your house. Happy Learning!

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Avatar for noisytoothie
3 years ago
Topics: Education, Learning