Read about common conditions of mental health and their consequences.
Depression. Bipolar. Anxiety. You may have learned this before, but how much do you know about and how these disorders affect people?
Understanding these conditions will help to alleviate fear and ignorance of mental illness and to encourage all to consider how they and their loved ones can look after their mental health. Read more about the more common conditions. Read more.
What: Addiction happens when an individual continues, irrespective of the effects, in such conduct. A individual may be dependent upon substances or behaviors (drugs, alcohol) (gambling, sex, the Internet). Over time, the action changes in frequency and severity and when the person stops, he or she has bad sensation or feeling.
Symptoms: Disability under regulation, psychological issues, for example not being able to focus on education or job because of addiction, reasons or deception to continue activity, dangerous actions to carry on activity (such as borrowing large sums of money to gamble).
Treatment and help: Person or social conversation care, often paired with opioid cravings, may improve. Substance addiction people may also need programs in detoxification and recovery.
What: In the face of everyday tension and challenges, anxiety is a natural emotion. But anxiety becomes a condition when these feelings are constant, excessive and irrational and impair the capacity of an individual. Any examples of anxiety disorders are obsessive compulsory illness, including phobia, depression and tension disorders.
Symptoms: Capture, uncertainty, edge disability, repeated suicidal feelings, stress muscular, palpitations, trouble breathing
Treatment and help: Easy methods, including calming exercises and daily exercise, minimize fear and encourage mental well-being. Psychotherapy may help to mitigate and remove signs and symptoms, often with medications.
What: Bipolar disturbance is an emotional disorder with two extremes: depression ("low") and manic ("high"). It is also called "manic depressing" disease. It varies in severity and for several years mild cases may seem natural. Symptoms vary; a person is mostly depressed or mostly psychotic. A individual is likely to be very successful and functional in between episodes.
Symptoms: A person who is depressed is persistently unfortunate, helpless and lethargical and, inter alia, may feel suicidal. When manic, a person becomes increasingly elated, irritable, needs less sleep, plans and is potentially risky.
Treatment and help: Psychotherapy can help patients who are more comfortable in understanding and treating their symptoms. Medicines should be used for the treatment and prevention of acute episodes. An significant part of rehabilitation is psychosocial reinforcement.
What: Depression is a long term low mood that affects our lives. Studies have shown that the risk of becoming depressed can be increased by life events, such as poverty, death or abuse of a loved one. This is usually triggered by a mixture of genetic, psychological and environmental factors. Some individuals are also at risk of inheritance.
Symptoms: Persistent depression, lack of interest in sports, loss of appetite, feelings of helplessness, etc.
Treatment and help: Discussions counselling, exercises and community groups with a professional consultant or psychotherapist are among the possible solutions. Antidepressants are often used occasionally, but they can not be used as first line treatments for children. Both care should include defining stress causes and supporting sources, and social networks and behaviors should be maintained.
Schizophrenia and other psychoses
What: The distortion of thought, vision, feelings, vocabulary, sense of self and behavior characterizes insanity, like schizophrenia. An entity may have hallucinations and delusions during a psychotic episode.
Symptoms: Perceptionally, a person may believe that others speak or hear voices about him or her. The person can even feel depressed and irritable or continually monitored. The person may have trouble sleeping, talking with or behaving inappropriately with his or her behaviour.
Treatment and help: Medication is the preferred type of medication as it can serve to alleviate symptoms such as hallucinations from irregular physiological equilibrium in the brain. Psychotherapy can help an individual understand their condition and cope with the influence that the disease has on their lives. The improvement of cognitive and autonomous living skills supports recovery and therapy.