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Avoiding plagiarism is better achieved by understanding what it is. Then take action to discourage accidental or malicious plagiarism. There are also three additional words we ought to describe before we define plagiarism: quote, paraphrase and description.
Quote: The same root terms can be used for a quote. If the quote (usually less than 3 to 40 words) is relatively short, so the quotation marks must be used in the words. For example:
"Contraired to some popular concepts, many writers don't have full-blown ideas like Athena," says Steven Strang (48).
Note you enter the quote, that the specific words are found in quota marks, and that the page number is given. as Steven Strang pointed out (using, in this case, the MLA style).
At the bottom of the document, the authors, the source, the publisher and the date of publication will be given a bibliographic entry.
Longer quotes in block quotations.
Paraphrase: to paraphrase the concepts, usually in the order that the ideas had been stated in the original, in a passage into our very language. Anything essential is included. A paraphrase is typically a little shorter than the first paraphrase, but a paraphrase can also be longer if words or definitions are specified. Any paraphrase includes an identical quote of the same nature.
For paraphrasing, there are only three valid reasons:
Translate scientific content for a lay audience into plain language
Paraphrasing when a teacher instructed you to do so directly
"Translating" a poem to a simplified language to understand the ambiguities (and this type of paraphrase rarely makes it into our papers)
Description: A summary incorporates and shortens the principal idea(s) of a passage into our own words. Again, you have to allocate the ideas to the source.
What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the use of the thoughts or words of someone else without knowing that you have not developed them. This definition extended in a book, a website, an e-mail to thoughts, terms and odd constructs, irrespective of the where you find them. Whether the material or wording of another person is used in a text, you must identify the source and provide a quote to remind the readers where they were received— otherwise the plagiarism is your liability.
Even plagiarism is regarded as scholarly robbery.
Accidental plagiarism is generally attributable to the fact that we do not recognize scholarly and attribution cultural norms. There is very strong feeling that the authors own their thoughts and vocabulary in most Western countries and definitely in the United States. These ideas are articulated by the writers. In what is plagiarism, and why are people doing it, John R. Edlund explains. ”:
To grasp American concepts of plagiarism, two essential aspects need to be considered. Second, people presume that thoughts and written expressions of ideas can be possessed in the English speaking world.
In reality, this author owns the terms and the idea whether the author writes a certain collection of words and phrases to convey a certain idea. Therefore, without credit to the author, to use these words is to steal them. For example, this is somewhat different from the Chinese notion that words and concepts belong to culture and society and can be shared by all. Secondly, Americans agree that writing displays the intelligence, observations and intellectual ability of a writer in a tangible and concrete manner. So it is to distort your own contributions to portray someone else's writing as your own. It's a kind of scam or failure.
Under either situation, the effects can always be very unpleasant even if the plagiarism is accidental.
Consequences of Plagiarizing
In the academic world, plagiarism will all lead from the inability to abandon college or university.
Professional plagiarism will at least contribute to deep humiliation and reputational damage and also a loss of employment. Historian Stephen Ambrose (alreded six of his novels, most well-known about The Wild Blue), and historian Dory Kearns Goodwin are well known plagiarism events (who ended up asking the publisher to destroy all unsold copies of The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys). This plagiarism is always accidental, but the implications are similar to those of deliberate plagiarism.
Avoid Plagiarizing by Citing Sources
In terms of technical and scholarly written use, there are five fundamental rules:
You must quote it precisely, use it in quotation markers, and cite the source by using the language of your source.
In the absence of common knowledge, you must quote the source if you use ideas or facts.
Cite the root if you haven't invented it.
Don't paraphrase until the instructor clearly orders you to paraphrase.
Cite the source in case of doubt. That can only increase the sense of integrity for your readers.
Reasons to Avoid Intentional Plagiarism
There are several explanations for plagiarizing individuals (e.g., not having enough time to think about and write the paper, wanting to get a better grade, feeling that the course is irrelevant to their career plans and hence not worth their time or effort, insecurity about their own writing ability, struggles with a second language).
However, there are better ways not to plagiarize.
When you have issues writing, you will be able to recognise them early and develop your skills (e.g., working closely with the lecturers in the Writing and Communication Center).
You will work with the ideas and deepen your own skills in critical thought and writing.
By referencing references you can give authority to what you post.
You're going to learn all ideas to ask. Only using other ideas stops one from interrogating or judging ideas, and it may contribute to an unquestionable readiness to embrace ideas (a profoundly dangerous thing to do in any profession or society).
Your own proposals can never grow entirely without having difficulty knowing, interpreting and contending with ideas, and you will prefer to look at problems superficially (again, a profoundly dangerous thing in any profession and in any society).
You're going to have to share your thoughts.
If you are caught, you will escape the penalty of plagiarism.
Advantages to Citing Sources
If you want to follow it through their own study, you encourage your readers to find the source of your content. After all, the study is part of a constant philosophical discussion on concepts in the scholarly and technical spheres. We all stand on the shoulders of former scientists, and we all hope that in the future others will stand on our shoulders.
The technological and science writing shows a good example of this standing-on-the-shoulders of others. The technical and science papers and laboratory studies pages of processes and procedures provide readers with adequate information to reproduce the procedure as well as the data mentioned in the paper. These details are not only given to validate our findings, but also to improve our methodology or to allow further discoveries.
For records in all fields, quotes provide proof that we can argue against our arguments and ideas. This quotes reflect our ability to test our interpretations of the other books.
Literature reviews have the intellectual framework to appreciate our approach to this on-going exchange of proposals for longer articles in other areas.
When you quote your sources, your ethos (your credibility) is significantly improved. This means you are well educated about the subject and can believe that your work is correct. That also means you're honest.
Each writer has his own intellectual identity, but most ideas come from outside. A responsible usage of sources acknowledges both what you believe and what the sources think is distinctly identity-distinct. It's no sin to embrace the thought of someone else.... But between the references and the writing you must interpose yourself, rendering other people's thoughts your own by a method of objective analysis.
Types of Plagiarism
Turn into someone else's work, for example, a paper from a friend, paper from a group of fraternities, paper copied from the internet, or paper bought from one of the paper mills online.
It's important to note, that you don't have permission to use anything or to buy anything.
I own my car, for example. I ordered it and it's paying for totally now. But if I said I'd make my car, I'd be lying. The same refers to paper that someone has bought or lent.
Develop the patch-quilt or "pastiche" paper—cobbling paragraphs and suggestions from multiple sources.
Although we needed 'analysis' to locate the paragraphs and concepts, we did not consciously engage with these ideas.
When we reference references, we have not our own articles but "research notes."
If references are not cited, then the author's argument that his sentences, phrases and concepts are his own is plagiarism and theft.