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Cursed and notorious: What else is on the island besides Alcatraz Prison?
Alcatraz is considered one of the most notorious and safest prisons ever, from which almost no one managed to escape alive. This is one of the biggest tourist attractions in San Francisco, which is why it is always crowded for the ferry at the port 33.
Alcatraz is an island of 90,000 square meters, located in the middle of the Gulf of San Francisco, and its name was given by Juan Manuel de Ayala in 1775, saying that it was "La isla de los Alcatraces" or "Pelican Island". After that, the first thing that was noticed was that Julian Workman was given the task by the Mexican governor Pio Pico to build a lighthouse on the island in 1846.
Four years later, after California was united in the American-Mexican war, Alcatraz was declared an island exclusively for military use. When the American Civil War broke out in 1860, the island served as a warehouse and hiding place for weapons.
During the war, Confederate sympathizers were captured on the island, and in 1868 a prison was built with the idea that it would be a target where all prisoners of war would be held. This was the case until 1934 when Alcatraz became a state prison, and it turned out to be the safest in America.
There were the biggest criminals in Alcatraz or those who were transferred there for punishment for trying to escape. However, this prison never used its full capacity, and the largest number of prisoners did not exceed 320 at the same time.
In a relatively short time, Alcatraz "hosted" some of the greatest criminals, such as Al Capone, Charles Manson, Elsfort Johnson, George Mashingan (Machine Gun-machine gun) Kelly, and Robert Stroud (Birdman from Alcatraz) who spent as much as 26 years in prison. and was friends with Little Charlie, later known as Charles Manson.
Since Alcatraz was closed as a prison, it has become very attractive to tourists, especially after all the films made about this place, such as "The Birdman from Alcatraz" and "Escape from Alcatraz", which are probably the only prisoners who managed to escape and live. reach the shore.
Tourists are not only attracted by the fact that there was the most notorious prison, what draws many to Alcatraz is that this place is allegedly haunted. And declared a very haunted and the most haunted prison.
For those who believe in the supernatural, it is important to at least try to hear all those voices, screams, calls, and unlock and open prison cells, which was claimed by many visitors, but also by prisoners who were often declared crazy after leaving.
One of the prisoners said that he saw red eyes in the dark and no one believed him. After spending the whole night screaming, they found him strangled the next day.
A few years after Alcatraz was closed as a prison and opened as a tourist attraction, a group of Indians occupied the island demanding that a university and cultural center be established on it. Alcatraz, however, remained open to tourists, and historians have discovered in archeological excavations that there was once an Indian cemetery on this island, the remains of which are still under the building.
That didn't stop Alcatraz from remaining a "bait" for tourists and another offer from San Francisco. Since 1981, a triathlon called "Escape from Alcatraz" has been held in the city, which, like the island itself, is visited by a large number of people.
Many believe that Alcatraz was closed due to the famous and only successful escape, but the official reason is that too much money was allocated and that it was not profitable.