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Las Enfermedades mas comunes.

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Avatar for danielamedina530
Written by   7
2 months ago
Topics: Health

Today I am going to tell you 2 most common diseases in our children when they are young. For tomorrow she will leave you the end of the topic.

It seems that she barely recovers from a sore throat when she already HAS SOMETHING ELSE….

These are the most common and frequent illnesses during childhood. As a preschool teacher, it is very common for children to get sick from time to time, children under 3 years of age are especially vulnerable because their immune systems are not fully developed and when they become ill the symptoms can be more severe than those of older children. exposed to the same viruses or bacteria. That is why it is essential that you know the diseases our children are most susceptible to, their symptoms and when you should call the pediatrician.

A COLD:

There is usually no reason to be concerned if our young children sneeze, even if we notice a thick, green discharge from their noses, it is very common in children with colds and is not a sign of bacterial infection. In any case, an apparently harmless cold can soon turn into a serious respiratory illness, especially in babies under 3 months, we should always check their temperature if they have a fever and it reaches 38.5 ° C, I always recommend waiting 3 days and if The fever still persists, it is necessary to call the pediatrician.

It is clear that a high temperature is not necessarily a reason to be alarmed, when I tell you that you have to wait 3 days it is because it is simply viral and the fevers pass quickly and in most cases you have to let the fever simply follow its course. If your baby is older than 6 months and has a common cold, you can treat it at home by making sure he gets enough rest and drinks plenty of fluids, including water and fruit juice, you can lower his fever and make him feel more comfortable if we happen to him. sponge with lukewarm water or put it in a bathtub with lukewarm water. You can also give him acetaminophen or ibuprofen. A vaporizer will help decongest it and loosen secretions that may be in the sinuses and on your chest. Finally, be alert to any changes in your child's condition and call the doctor if they do not improve within a week, if they have trouble breathing or a high fever persists.

EAR INFECTION:

When we see that our children are just coming out of a cold we see that they have a fever again and begin to pull their ear. Most likely it is an ear infection, which, after colds, is the most common reason why children under 3 years of age visit the pediatrician. This happens when our children's tiny Eustachian tubes become blocked. These tubes connect the middle part of the ears with the back of the throat and serve as a drain for fluids. When these tubes become blocked, fluid builds up and presses against the eardrum, causing pain.

If our son has an ear infection, he will usually cry more when you are feeding him because the action of sucking causes painful pressure changes to occur in his ears, also when he is lying on that side and has trouble falling asleep. The most recommended thing is that if you suspect that your child has an ear infection, you should take him to the pediatrician, in the meantime you can alleviate the discomfort with acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Some doctors prefer to wait a day or two before prescribing a medication to see if the ear infection clears up on its own so they can avoid unnecessary exposure to an antibiotic.

LARYNGOTRACHEITIS:

The cough always starts just after midnight and the sound is awful: as we say in Venezuela, dog cough, most pediatricians can diagnose the problem over the phone. It is an inflammation of the larynx and trachea, although the reasons are unknown, it affects more boys than girls. Children between 6 months and 3 years old are more susceptible because their trachea is small, making it difficult to breathe when it becomes inflamed. Laryngotracheitis often occurs after a viral infection (such as a cold), so antibiotics are rarely helpful, the crisis usually calms down when the child breathes very hot or very cold air, as this causes the inflamed airways to become inflamed. shrink enough to produce relief.

Try running hot water from the shower to breathe in the steam, if you don't have a vaporizer, but if he's still breathing hard, call your pediatrician or take him to the ER, he may need to be nebulized.

STOMACH PROBLEMS:

Occasional vomiting and diarrhea in a healthy child is not a warning sign, but if accompanied by a stomach ache and fever, it can be a sign of gastroenteritis, that is, inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It is usually caused by an infection, but it can also start if a child is taking an antibiotic.

Although your pediatrician is the one who must diagnose gastroenteritis, most cases can be treated at home and overcome in a few days, you should take into account the symptoms that our children present: dehydration, dry mouth, eyes sunken, scanty urine, and crying without tears, if your baby can not retain fluids or has a watery stool every 1 or 2 hours you should take him to the hospital for intravenous IV administration. In not so severe cases, an oral serum such as Pedialite can be used.

If your child has mild diarrhea and remains active and healthy, you can stop him from consuming solid foods for 24 hours to give his digestive system a recovery period. Just give her ice cold drinks, gelatin, small sips of liquids like water, or an oral serum.

URINARY INFECTION:

This type of infection is very common in children, particularly in girls. The reason is that your urethra is very short and therefore bacteria easily access the bladder.

In most cases these infections cause fever, pain in the lower abdomen and itching when urinating (our children may grimace or cry while urinating), you may notice an unpleasant smell or traces of blood in their urine.

These urinary infections should be treated with antibiotics, so see your doctor if you suspect that your child has one. Meanwhile, put a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel on the child's abdomen and do not use scented soaps that can irritate their genitals, make sure they drink a lot of water to facilitate the expulsion of bacteria from their bladder.

My daughter when she was 5 months old gave her a urine infection and my pediatrician told me that it was very strange that being so small and so well cared for (because she is the first and it was very difficult for us to have children) so we took great care of her, she recommended that I do a urine test and the results were horrible.

From there the pediatrician told me to go to a specialist a Pediatric Urologist but in the Anzoategui state there is only one named Luisa Oráa Oráa who is a Pediatric Surgeon- Pediatric Urologist, the doctor sent her a series of tests that resulted in her having a grade IV bilateral renal Vesicoureteral Reflux that could only be healed with an operation, the doctor had to reimplant ureters, so that the connection between the ureter and the bladder was corrected so that the urine flows in only one direction, imagine my concern at those times At 6 months, the operation was performed with successful results thanks to God and the hands of the doctor.

This was all of the most common diseases that our children can have when they are small, mine are already big but I have a lot of experience in diseases.

God bless you always.

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Avatar for danielamedina530
Written by   7
2 months ago
Topics: Health
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