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Robotic evolution is happening right now. Over the years, thanks to the accelerated development of technology, robotics itself has been modernized. As robots became more advanced from year to year and many functions were built into them, people developed some prejudices over time and based their attitudes and thoughts on robotics. We have prepared 10 interesting facts from robotics for you, which will prepare you to better accept and understand the evolution of robots, which is ahead of us.
1. Robot R2-D2
The company that produced this robot is Indsutrial Automaton, which also created the R4-P17 and R5-D4 droids. This robot is very popular because it belongs to the world of the movie series "Star Wars" and thus the demand for it has increased greatly. This toy robot is very specific. On its rounded head shines many lamps and sensors as well as on the head of a robot from the movie. Instead of wheels, the robot moves with the help of straps that allow it to move freely on any surface. Also, in May 2014, the Smithsonian magazine published an article entitled "Almost like a man: How the R2-D2 became the most beloved robot in the galaxy." In 2003, it reached the peak of its popularity and fame and was named the most famous robot in the world.
2. The first humanoid robot
In 2000, Honda introduced ASIMO, the first humanoid robot. ASIMO, as a revolution in every respect, was the first real humanoid robot with state-of-the-art technique and technology of movement - walking and running. ASIMO was introduced on October 21, 2000, and is designed to be a multi-functional mobile assistant. ASIMO is an abbreviation that means Advanced Step in Innovative MObility. It is often used in demonstrations around the world to encourage the study of science, mathematics and robotics. He is 130 cm tall and weighs 80 kg. It is designed to work in a real environment. This robot has the ability to move at a speed of 6 km / h.
3. The smallest robot in the world
Scientists from MIT and TU in Munich have created the smallest robot in the world. The micro-machine they created is capable of adapting to the conditions in which it finds itself, moving on various surfaces, swimming, carrying things and climbing on sloping terrain. It weighs 0.31 grams and is 1.6 centimeters wide. This robot is made of PVC material and small magnets, and it is so fragile that it can be dissolved in acetone.
4. The first employed robot
The first employed robot takes the 4th place of the most interesting curiosities from robotics. At the fiftieth anniversary of ITB Berlin, the world’s largest tourism market, tourism workers and investors were introduced to Mario, the first humanoid robot employed at the reception of the Marriott Ghent hotel. This robot was created by the Belgian company KBMT. Mario is 57 cm tall, weighs six kilograms, speaks 19 languages and costs 15,000 euros.
5. How many robots are used in the world?
According to the latest research, about 8.6 million robots are used in the world. Most robots "live" in Asia, and most are produced in Japan and Europe. Some of the leading manufacturers are the Japanese company FANUC and the Swedish company ABB. Today, robots are mostly used to work in factories and serve to help with production. Industrial robots are machines that simply make some things better than man himself. Robots are the ones who create material value and profit.
6. Where does the word robot come from?
One of the most interesting curiosities from robotics is that the word robot comes from the Czech language. It is first mentioned by the Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920. The word originated from the Czech word "robot", (in Serbian "rabota") and means "work", "slave work" (from the Old Slavic "slave" - "slave").
7. Robots will one day become our children’s teachers
Robots, as an aid to computer science teachers, arrive at school desks. Students will be convinced for the first time that programming is not abstract, because what they have programmed will be executed by robots. So far, more than 400 teachers have applied for this training, and the plan is for all IT teachers to be included, but also for each school to receive five robots. However, the question arises as to how feasible this is.
8. The first industrial robot
The first industrial robot was the Unimate, which was installed on the assembly line in 1961 at the General Motors factory. This robot took on the job of transporting cast car parts and welding them with the car chassis, which was a very dangerous job for people due to the gases released during the process. The robot consisted of a computer that operated by hand, while the control program was stored in magnetic memory.
9. Leonardo da Vinci and the first plans for the machine
Leonardo's mechanical knight is the first documented humanoid automaton, designed by Leonardo da Vinci in 1495. The sketches were found in his notebook together with sketches of mechanical birds and insects that he designed trying to imitate nature. It is not clear whether Leonardo managed to complete his robot-knight project, but recent reconstructions have shown that the robot was completed and fully functional according to the design. According to the design, the robot was dressed in German-Italian armor from the end of the 15th century. He was able to make human-like movements, such as getting up and sitting down, raising his visor, moving his arms, head and jaw independently, which was anatomically correct. A complex system of cables and coils was used to start the robot. This project is part of Leonardo's research on the "laws of proportion" described in Vitruvius' man.
10. 1.4 million more robots
And the last interesting thing from robotics says that the robot is more and more day by day. As the human population increases, so does the number of robots in the world. According to the reports of the IFR (International Federation of Robotics), there will be a drastic increase in the population of robots in the world, as many as 1.4 million more robots will exist in a year.