For the past few days, the US presidential election has been one of the topics of discussion and headlines in some of our domestic media, including the international media. Not only the media but also various social media posts with the same title have caught my eye. This has created a curiosity in my mind to know about the US presidential election. In that regard, I searched for it on various websites and saw many videos on YouTube. I am trying to write this article in the light of which I have learned something about this selection method. If there is any mistake, please comment and I will try to correct it.
The United States has a presidential system of government. Here the presidency is the most important and the most prestigious position in the world. He is the undisputed and unrivaled leader of the ruling party. He is the centerpiece of the US regime. Around him, all the affairs of government are conducted, controlled, and rotated.
In a democratic system, elections are a necessary fundamental aspect. President Johnson, during the ratification of the Voting Right Act - 1965, said: "The right to vote is the most basic right without which all others are meaningless."
On the other hand, the American President plays a very important and powerful role in the current world leadership and internal affairs. Prof. C. F. Strong said, "There is no other constitutional state in the world as the power of the president."
Below is a discussion of the US President's election system.
Disagreements over the electoral system: The Philadelphia conference in 1787 sparked a debate over the presidential election system. Many of the delegates expressed their support for the direct election of the President by the people. Again, many were in favor of the presidential election by Congress. The framers of the constitution sought to establish a system that, as Harilton put it, "afforded as little opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder and would not convulse the community with any extraordinary or violent movement." He was likely to be elected by the popular elite, and in the second instance, as the President became a pawn in the hands of the Congress, there was a danger of a tendency to undermine the basic purpose of the separation of powers policy. After analyzing these judgments, the conference finally decided that the President would be elected by a constituency especially. In this way, the people will not have the opportunity to elect the President directly.
Eligibility to run for the presidency: There are several issues in the US Constitution regarding the eligibility of presidential candidates.
(A) He must be 35 years of age.
(B) He must be a normal citizen of the United States by birth.
(C) He must reside in the United States permanently for at least 14 years.
Voting : The US presidential election is different than the congressional election. When American voters go to the polls to vote for the presidency, many of them believe that the president is going to be elected through direct elections. Veterans donate for the presidential election. However, the issue of who is going to be elected President becomes clear only during the election of the constituency.
Composition of Electoral College: Article II, Section I of the United States Constitution - The composition of the Electoral College is described as follows:
Electoral system of the constituency: At the beginning of the adoption of the constitution at the Philadelphia Conference in 1789, members of the legislatures of the various states of the country used to elect the members of the constituency or electoral College . Subsequently, the people were involved in the election of the members of the electoral College through the amendment of the constitution from time to time and now all the members are directly elected by the people. Periodically the presence of political parties and from the commencement of their active activities the party nominates candidates for the election of members of the electoral College . According to the constitution, no government official can be a member of Congress or a candidate of the Electoral College. Each voter, as many members from the state, can vote as the election. So he can give his votes to the candidates of the party or the candidates of other parties.
Number of members of Electoral College:
The President of the United States is indirectly elected by an Electoral College. This electoral College is made up of exactly the number of members to be sent to both chambers of Congress from the states from which they are to be sent. In a word, the number of members of the Electoral College is equal to the number of members of Congress. Again from Washington D.C. An additional 3 members were included in the election college . So the total number of members of the electoral College is 100 + 435 + 3 = 538 people. To be elected president, he must receive at least 270 votes from the electoral College.
Vote for president; Arrangements were made for the election of representatives of the electoral body on the first Tuesday in November before the end of the President's term. Then, after the first two Wednesdays of December, on the first of Monday, the elected representatives of each state meet in their respective states and cast their votes for the presidential election in secret. However, as a result of the 23rd amendment to the constitution of 1964, the elected representatives attended their respective districts and took part in the presidential election.
At the end of the voting by the selectors, the ballot boxes of each state were sealed and taken to the capital Washington. On January 6 of the following year, the President of the Senate start to count vote and announce results to all members of Congress. He who gets at least 270 votes will be elected President. But if no one can get a majority, the House of Representatives can select any one of the three members of the House of Representatives by secret ballot.