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Importance of soils in agricultural ecosystems

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Avatar for amestyj
Written by   1
5 months ago
Topics: Nature

Estimados lectores, en la mayoría de los procesos que ocurren en los ecosistemas agrícolas el suelo juega un papel fundamental con los diferentes servicios que brinda para el desarrollo agrícola, entre los que se encuentran: desempeño como sustrato para el desarrollo de las plantas, hábitat de numerosos organismos vivos, entre otros. . En los sistemas de producción pecuaria es importante que los productores conozcan la fertilidad de los suelos presentes en los agroecosisemas, para determinar el manejo de la fertilización y nuevas especies forrajeras a establecer en las zonas de pastoreo.

In this sense, soil fertility can be defined as the ability to provide ideal conditions for the development of plant species, with the interaction of the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil, while noting the climatic factors involved in the production processes. However, in sustainable agriculture, biological properties are a significant indicator for soil fertility, since macro, meso and micro-organisms are part of the functional biodiversity that allow the persistence and functioning of the ecosystem.

According to the reasoning that has been carried out, Lavelli (2001) classified these microorganisms in three functional groups of invertebrates:

  • Microfauna: include smaller invertebrates, protozoa and nematodes, whose primary result is to stimulate the mineralization of organic matter.

  • The mesofauna and part of the macrofauna: litter transformers, these invertebrates ingest their droppings that serve as incubators for microorganisms, they are regulators of the soil’s nutritional process, with their contributions of excrement, exudations and their own corpses.

  • The macro and mega fauna: engineers of the ecosystem, are invertebrates that build physical structures helping the formation of pores.

The influence of soil fauna activity on the process of nutrient recycling in ecosystems and thus on soil fertility

  • Mechanical destruction of plant and animal waste, decomposition of litter until crumbling.

  • They aerate the soil, in addition to allowing greater penetration of the water, by building galleries in it.

Dear readers, thank you very much for staying until the end, we will continue to share some articles concerning agroecology and some fundamental agricultural aspects for production, Let’s look at this platform as a means to publish and share information of interest.

@amestyj

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Written by   1
5 months ago
Topics: Nature
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Comments

So much info in the field of agriculture, this article piqued my interest since I'm in a rural area and most people here are into agriculture as their means of securing necessities in life. This is a great information for me, keep sharing!

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4 months ago

Hello @dauntless_marquess, thank you for your valuable comment, in agriculture to be successful and sustainable, we must know the natural resources that the ecosystem has and from there apply techniques that do not alter any of the ecological components.

I’m glad, that the information is to your liking, that you have an excellent weekend friend.

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4 months ago

True that !

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5 months ago

Rabbia

Greetings dear @Rabbia, thank you for your comment, certainly the soil is one of the fundamental pillars of agriculture, the biodiversity present in it, also interested to maintain an adequate content of organic matter.

So long, have a great weekend.

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5 months ago