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We learned from our religion the generosity of the soul and its existence, and the Qur’an disciplined us with “etiquette of giving” and armed us with the virtue of “generosity” and told us that it is one of the characteristics that the Creator is characterized by, so what is the most wonderful characteristic of a creature?
And generosity in the eyes of moralists is one of the most important features and characteristics that distinguish the personality of a Muslim who derives his morals from the teachings of his religion. Truth, Glory be to Him, says: “Whoever longs for his own scarcity, those are the successful ones.” Therefore, the Messenger of humanity, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was an example of generosity, generosity and fulfillment of the rights of the guest. And his honorable commandments to Muslims with this noble creation were numerous and varied, which says: “Whoever believes in God and the Last Day, let him honor his guest ...”
Generosity is the generosity of the soul and its existence, and it is like all Islamic virtues in the midst of two vices: (miserliness and extravagance) and it is an authentic trait among the Arabs, and Islam came to develop it, its origin, its sanctification and its affirmation in the hearts of Muslims, and the Qur’an always urges the Muslim to spend, and he who spends in moderation promises the greatest reward and reward, He urged spending on the poor and needy people, and he also urged spending money in all aspects of goodness. He, Glory be to Him, said: “Those who spend their money at night and day, secretly and openly, have their reward with their Lord, and there is no fear of them nor they grieve.”
He was our honorable Messenger - as the Islamic preacher Dr. Muhammad Daoud, a professor at the University of the Suez Canal - a model of generosity, generosity and generosity, and he characterized the morals of his followers above all manifestations of scarcity, and he painted the relationship between Muslims a fine image enveloped by all human meanings .. And he, peace be upon him, who said: “Generous is close to God, close to people , Close to Paradise, far from Hellfire, and miserly far from God, far from people, far from Paradise, close to Hell, and to a generous ignorant is dearer to God Almighty than a miserly worshiper. ”
Generosity, generosity and generosity are among the personal characteristics of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, as his stances abounded with all forms of generosity and selflessness with the guest, and he taught the Muslim how to be generous, generous, generous with his guests, and in this an upbringing of the righteous morals. It also leads to severing the ties and bonds between Muslims, and may lead to severing the ties of kinship, and push in the family around to dishonesty when the wife suffers from the scarcity and miserliness of her husband, as she is forced to take from his money without his knowledge, and this vice may also lead to crimes and deviations within Family.
Adds d. Daoud: Islam, which is a religion that advances in behavior and morals, did not leave the process of giving and giving, whether it is towards a relative, friend, guest or poor, which proceeds according to the whims of the soul. The recipient of this gift, and surrounded man’s behavior with ethical controls that multiply the value of his giving towards others, most notably:
- That the soul be provided with the precious value that is loved to him .. The Almighty said: “O you who believe, spend the goodness of what you have earned.” And God Almighty says: “You will not attain righteousness until Spend what you love ».
- That a Muslim hasten to give in all his conditions, for generosity and generosity is not limited to the state of ease only, nor is it a virtue that the rich demand alone ... Rather, it is a trait that all Muslims characterize, and its value appears in the case of hardship, and when the hand of the poor extends it, the Almighty said: “And those who followed the house and faith before them love those who immigrated to them, and find no need in their hearts from what they were sheltered in, and influence themselves even if they have a special nature.
- Does not the rich give to the poor what he has given him, so mentioning the gift or the favor with it or the exaggeration of it nullifies it. The Almighty said: “O you who believe, do not nullify your alms with people and harm, as the one who spends his money on people's heads and does not believe in God and the Last Day.”
- Not to be proud of the gift, or to be proud of it. In Islam, giving in Islam has three qualities: to accelerate it, facilitate it, and conceal it, and our honorable Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, counted those who do that among the seven whom God will shade in the shadow of his throne on the Day of Resurrection. His left hand is not spent. ”
- Does the giver not wait for thanks for his gift from the one given to him, so that the generous one will not be generous until he finds himself ready to satisfy God alone.
To provide the soul with generosity, out of pleasure and love, so whoever has imprisoned the guest must seek refuge in God from the accursed Satan.
Dr. Ahmed Omar Hashem, Professor of the Prophetic Sunnah and a member of the Senior Scholars Council of Al-Azhar, says: Hospitality in Islam has morals and rules that the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, taught us in his saying: “Whoever believes in God and the Last Day, let him honor his guest..and hospitality is three days, what happened after that. It is charity and it is not permissible for him to stay with him so as not to embarrass him. ”There are rules and etiquette that every Muslim should adhere to, the most prominent of which is the need to deal with generosity and having a soul with the guest according to the host’s capabilities .. and the guest should not be“ heavy ”on his host, as every family has its own peculiarities. Its energy to bear hosting others.
And goes d. Hashem, saying: Islam has guaranteed the rights of the guest and provided him with moral and psychological protection, whether the guest is poor or rich, and whether the host knows him before or not, as the Messenger made his honoring a sign of faith in God and the Last Day, and he, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: «Who He believed in God and the Last Day, let him honor his guest; the best proof of that.
The Messenger made honoring the guest a sign of faith in God and the Last Day. This is an affirmation of the rights of hospitality, and a recommendation to preserve them, because in neglecting it neglecting an important aspect of faith .. He also decided the right to honor the guest in an eloquent form, so it came in the authentic hadith that he, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: “Whichever guest comes to a people and becomes forbidden, he has To take as much as his decision and there is no blame on him ».
Hence, it is not permissible for a Muslim to fall short in the right of his guest, citing the lack of a lot of food or money, but rather he must provide what is available, and present what he has without cost or abuse. In his illness, he said: O slave girl, come to our companions, even if they are broken, because I heard the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, say: “Honest morals are works of Paradise.”
Generosity with the degree of "altruism"
He adds: The curmudgeon deprives himself and others of the blessings of God, and the Noble Qur’an celebrated the generous people, and revealed the noble behavior of some of them in the Qur’an .. And our noble Messenger struck the most wonderful examples of honoring and helping the guest and in favoring the family, the child and the soul.
On the authority of Abu Hurairah, may God be pleased with him, who said: A man came to the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, and said: I am an effort, so he sent some of his women, and she said: No, by God who sent you the truth, I have nothing but water, then he sent to another and she said the same, until they all said Similar to that: No, he who sent you the truth, I only have water, so he said to his companions: “He who adds this night, may God have mercy on him.” So a man from the Ansar rose up and said: I am, O Messenger of God. She said: No but childish food. He said, do something for them. If they want dinner, then sleep them. When our guest enters, turn off the lamp and show him that we are eating. He said: So they sat and ate the guest, and they left - that is, hungry - when tomorrow he came to the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him. God has marveled at your deeds to your guest. ”This verse was revealed:“ And they influence themselves even if they have special things. ”
Generosity and generosity are among the benign characteristics that characterize the Muslim’s personality. The true Muslim is not stingy, and his personality is always characterized by moderation in expenditures. According to the teachings of his religion, he lives a moderate, moderate life that he draws from the teachings of the Qur’an which teaches a Muslim how to be moderate, balanced, enjoying the graces of God without extravagance. Or despise «eat and drink and do not go overboard», «do not make your hand tied to your neck nor spread all the rugs, so you sit blamed and in trouble.
And the generosity that should be embodied in the personality of the Muslim must be accompanied by a literature that elevates the behavior of the generous person so as not to insult the guest, but rather to be honored and given within a generous moral framework.
Warning of scarcity
Islam has warned against scarcity and the Noble Qur’an is carried on the miserly people who hoard money and do not spend on those with needs, as Dr. Ismail Daftar, professor of hadith at Al-Azhar University and a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, says: If you had not delayed me for a short time, I would believe and be one of the righteous. And God will not delay a soul if its deadline comes, and God is expert in what you do. ”The Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, also warned of scarcity in the authentic hadith, where he said:“ Beware of injustice, for injustice is darkness on the Day of Resurrection, and beware of scarcity, for scarcity will destroy those before you. That they shed their blood and permitted their incestuous things.
The Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, here clarifies Islam’s position on two scourges from the evil of pests that result in the destruction of man and his loss in this world and in the hereafter, and they are injustice. He said: “Beware of injustice.” Islam by its fear (that is, avoiding it and avoiding it) so that people do not perish in this world, then he explained the reason for this directive, which is: that he was the cause of the destruction of those who were before us, who are the children of Israel, and it is possible that the destruction on its appearance and reality would be physical destruction, and this What is preferred by Dr. Aldaftar, because he said after that: «He urged them to shed their blood, and permitted their mahrams». Shedding blood is only by killing one another, and it is sensory perdition .. This is what follows from everyone who has been afflicted with injustice and scarcity. They are two of the most dangerous vices that Islam has warned against and fought in all its forms.