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Born: Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 181 (25 Baishakh, 128) in the aristocratic Tagore family of Jorasanko, Calcutta. His father's name was Maharshi Debendranath Tagore and his mother was Sarada Devi. He is the fourteenth and eighth of the parents' 15 children.
Childhood, adolescence and education: Child Rabindranath grew up in a very simple and simple way. When he was a little older, he was first admitted to the Oriental Seminary in Calcutta, after a while he went to the Normal School, then to the Bengal Academy, St. Xavier's School, but nowhere did he settle down. In the routine of Thakurbari, he was breathless. Despite the relentless efforts of his parents, he could not cross the school boundary. He decided to go to Billet with his brother Satyendranath Tagore and become a barrister. He went to London and was first admitted to a public school and later to a university. But since he did not have a mind to study, he spent most of his time studying literature. After a year and a half, at the age of 19, he returned to the country, leaving his education incomplete under the direction of his father. This is where his formal education came to an end.
Literary work and literary thought: He started writing at the age of eight. At the age of 13, the poem was published in the bilingual magazine 'Amritbazar' (184) under the title 'Gift of Hindu Mela'. There is no field of Bengali literature where he does not have a comfortable walk. He has written poems, songs, plays, novels, essays, short stories, etc. endlessly. But he is basically a poet and his reputation as a poet is high, the poet's mind is obsessed with new creations.
Notable poems written by him: Mansi, Sonar Tari, Chaitali, Gitanjali, Balaka, Punscha etc. Novel-eye sand, indoors-out, communication, quadrangle, etc .; Drama- Abandonment, Raktakarbi etc .; He has also written a number of short stories and short stories. He has also written various literary works. The death of his loved one has helped him to overcome the distance that is required to realize the natural beauty and to realize life and the world. The manifestation of which is found in 'Kari O Komal' -
"I don't want to die, I want to live in the midst of a beautiful world." But in Mansi. That is why the poet says, "Whoever we have erected in Mansi is in Mansi, he is the first incomplete idol of God made by an artist." They had extensive zamindari in East Bengal and North Bengal of present day Bangladesh. Rabindranath came to Bangladesh with the charge of this zamindari and the thrilling experience he had of visiting the villages and rivers of Bengal greatly influenced his later literature. Evidence of which can be found in 'Vanu Singh's Letters' - 'I think I have received the message from this river for so long in my life that I will never forget it in my next life.' When it comes to Rabindranath, the topic of song will come up. He has published a collection of poems written at different times. He was also involved in editing various magazines. Such as- Hitavadi, Sadhana, Bichitra etc. From its inception he was associated with the 'Bangiya Sahitya Parishad'. It can be said that he wrote the first successful short story in Bengali language. In his prose, he has combined East and West. Not only has he written world-class short stories, but he has also shown the world a new way of short stories, so it is worth quoting here: After a play, a humorous composition. Along with these, his novels started to be published. Rabindranath was also a world class painter. Towards the end of his life he painted more than two thousand pictures.
Marriage and conjugal life: Rabindranath was married on 9 December 183. Before marriage, his wife's name was 'Bhavatarini' and later his name was changed to 'Mrinalini Devi' at his father-in-law's house. He lived with his family in Shilaidaha for a long time. Later on his way to Calcutta, his wife Mrinalini Devi fell ill and died shortly after. Rabindranath had three daughters and two sons.
Politics and Social Welfare: Rabindranath was actively involved in politics and social welfare work in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Due to the partition of Bengal in 1905, he used to attend lectures, meetings and gatherings in different places. The songs composed by him at that time are now considered as the national anthem of Bangladesh.
‘My golden Bengal, I love you, forever your sky, your wind blows the flute in my soul. He also worked for the farmers and laborers during his stay in Shilaidaha. He protested against the British repression in India in 1917, boycotting the title of 'Knight' in protest of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He also wrote numerous articles on the Hindu-Muslim crisis, Indian politics and sociology, and the world situation.
Social Organizational Institutions: In addition to writing literature, he took various social constructive steps. Notable among these is the establishment of a residential school called 'Brahmacharyashram' at Santiniketan. Later it was transformed into Visva-Bharati University.
Awards and honors: In addition to his multifaceted work, he has won numerous awards and honors. Calcutta University awarded him the D. in 1913. Lit gives the title. In 1937, Dhaka University also conferred this title on him. In 1913, he became the first person in Asia to win the Nobel Prize. The University of Oxford awarded him a doctorate in 1940.
Conclusion: Rabindranath has gained prestige and success in his long eighty years of life as he has written literature. Rabindranath Tagore is truly talented. He did not stop writing poetry even at the end of his life. Rabindranath Tagore died on 8 August 1941 (22 Shravan 1348). Great talent like Rabindranath is rare in the whole world. He is in a sense a great devotee, a great man. He was a poet of truth and beauty. He did not abandon humanity in the worship of beauty, he did not indulge in lies. Sabyasachi Rabindranath, a man of many talents, is our favorite poet.