The culture that the common man has been cultivating for ages is folk culture in the general sense. There are different elements of folk culture.
The concept of folklore:
By folk culture we mean the culture of the common man and his society. That is the culture of the people. Folk culture is born in the mouths of people, in their thoughts and actions. This culture has been passed down from one generation to another for thousands of years.
People have been cultivating folk culture in Bangladesh since ancient times. Much of the folk culture that people talk about has changed over time. In different ways, different trends have been created in folk culture. E.g.-
From fear: The existence of fear of ghosts in folk society is very old. Although judged scientifically, there is no such thing as a ghost. People have imagined many ghosts. Such as Mamdobhut, Panchpechin, Shankhchunni, Petni etc.
Gayehlud ceremony: Gayehlud is a significant aspect of our culture. Different types of rituals and reforms are performed around the body.
To cure diseases: Hindus carry amulets or amulets from priests and Muslims wear them around their necks or on their arms / To avoid eye contact: There is a belief in the society that evil eye on a child can cause harm. It is generally called eye contact. Kajal's tip is given next to the child's forehead to ward off evil eyes.
To bring down rain: When there is drought for many days, the farmer gets worried. The girls of the village hold a ceremony to bring down the rain. They went from house to house with kula. Rain cuts songs or rhymes in the mouth. The girls of the house pour water on the cooler. They believe it will rain like this.
Elements of folk culture:
A. Material Material: The material elements of folk culture that can be captured are material elements. E.g.-
Folk art: Weaving, branch, bronze, pottery, nakshikantha, cane etc.
Folklore: Technology of making spinning wheel, fishing tackle, plow sickle etc.
Vehicles: Boats, palanquins etc.
B. Subject material: Those cultural issues that cannot be grasped, that is, born from human thought and spread by word of mouth, are called objective material of folk culture. , Folk drama etc.
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The folk culture is basically the culture of the people and the culture of the settlement. In the course of time and in different streams of culture-rule, exploitation, flattery, etc., there has been a transformation or evolution of culture, but the basic trend of folk culture is still continuing. Although many things have evolved in the damadol of modernity, folk culture is its own culture and original culture. A broader definition of culture is 'our culture as we are'. Bangladesh is still an agricultural country. As a result, the workflow of the farmer's life is the culture of the people here.