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Satire has a lot of meaning and jargons. Almost you can satarize the word satire itself. Here are the basics:
What is Satire?
According to Wikipedia, Satire is a genre of wide literature that is being used to ridicule, mock or shaming on either individuals, government, companies or the society itself to improve. It takes the form of usually fictional, but some of the satire are non-fiction. Satire ridicules on what's happening on the current state of the society and embarks change.
SATIRE IS NOT MEANT TO BE FUNNY, yes you read that right. The goal of satire is that at FIRST, you make the people laugh. SECOND, you make people think. In writing satire, usually you need a great satirical skills that would employ the second part of the goal, but as we, The Philippine Read publication are new to this satirical expression of News and may present a broken goal in the second part. The goal of Satire is to 'Do more than make you laugh'. Even though the article is so Amusing, IT DOESN'T WORK if you read it without thinking about it word by word.
The Type of Satire that we are currently using is called 'News Satire.' News Satire takes the format of mainstream journalism with it's satirical content. There are two forms of News Satire, (1) Satirization of Real World News,(2) Fictional News that didn't happen.
News Satire is Fake News with the intent to FOOL but not intended to harm. Claire Wardle of First Draft News identifies seven types of fake news
satire or parody ("no intention to cause harm but has potential to fool")
false connection ("when headlines, visuals or captions don't support the content")
misleading content ("misleading use of information to frame an issue or an individual")
false context ("when genuine content is shared with false contextual information")
impostor content ("when genuine sources are impersonated" with false, made-up sources)
manipulated content ("when genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive", as with a "doctored" photo)
fabricated content ("new content is 100% false, designed to deceive and do harm")
How do you protect yourself from FAKE NEWS?
The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) published a summary in diagram form to assist people in recognizing fake news. Its main points are:
Consider the source (to understand its mission and purpose)
Read beyond the headline (to understand the whole story)
Check the authors (to see if they are real and credible)
Assess the supporting sources (to ensure they support the claims)
Check the date of publication (to see if the story is relevant and up to date)
Ask if it is a joke (to determine if it is meant to be satire)
Review your own biases (to see if they are affecting your judgment)
Ask experts (to get confirmation from independent people with knowledge).