History Of Yesterday: July 19

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Barking British S.S. Great Britain.

July 19, 1843

It is considered important in the history of shipbuilding the launch of the British S.S. Great Britain on this day in 1843 in the harbor of Bristol in the United Kingdom. The S.S. Great Britain is considered to be the first steel brace and operated by propeller blades instead of traditional water paddle. It belongs to the Great Western Steamship Company, designed by shipbuilder Isambard Kingdom Brunel and William Patterson.

When S.S was launched in the sea. Great Britain, this is the largest steel floating ship from 1843 to 1854, with 98 meters, width 16 meters, and four meters high. But as the ships exist in those days, still operated using the Steam Engines the Elesi of this ship, which can run up to speed 12 knots, and weighs more than 3,700 tonnes.

Within four decades of S.S. Great Eastern, is one of the biggest sailing ships across the Atlantic Ocean, from the United Kingdom to New York to America.

So far is displayed in Bristol Dock in Britain as a Museum Ship the S.S. Great Britain since Sir Jack Arnold Hayward was bought and arranged in 1970.


The big fire in the city of Rome

July 19, 64 CE

In the middle of the Roman emperor Nero, a big fire broke out in the capital of the Roman Empire.

Based on Roman historian Tacitus, the fire began on the night of July 19th in the storage of blazing chemicals near the largest chariot stadium in Rome Circus Maximus. Because most of the structures were situated in Rome and made of light materials such as wood, fire rapidly spread to other parts of the city but also spotted after six days. But before the result of the fire was, the fire again swallowed the Roma for three days, worn by the strong wind. The Roman fire was also bitter on the 23rd of July the same year, and said Tacitus, in the other city of Emperor Nero at the time of burning Rome, and when the romance of the fire was immediately caused, he immediately issued aid In those affected by the fire and invaded in public parks and buildings Romanized in Roman, and immediately enforced the re-arrangement in Rome. The 2/3 of the total area of ​​Rome due to fire, including some temples, and some parts of the Roman forum. Upon more than 300 people died on fire and thousands of others lost their homes.

The immediate arrangement in Rome has brought the rumors that Emperor Nero is allocating Rome, because he is supposed to be restricted to the structures of the city structures. Nero allegedly watched Nero watched Rome burned while singing and playing Harpa, although there was no evidence, and Nero also used the burning of Rome so that he would torture the Christians in Rome, Things are questioning some contemporary historians.

Nero accused the Christians who started a fire in Rome and here started torture the life of the first Christians in Rome.



July 19, 1770

It will be recalled that when the British occupied Manila in October 1762, the order of the Real Audiencia de Manila and appointed interim Governor-General of the Philippines Simon de Anda y Salazar led the Spanish struggle against the British occupation of Manila from November. 1762 to April 1764, while suppressing rebellions in Ilocos and Pangasinan.

And on this day in 1770, Simon de Anda formally took office as Governor-General of our country under the Royal Decree he received from the King of Spain after he returned to the Philippines on April 12, 1768.

As Governor-General of the Philippines, he became the main defender of the native Filipinos against the oppression of the abusive Spaniards, especially the friars. He implemented the reform of the Spanish army and the native Filipinos in his own army and spearheaded the construction of modern structures in Manila. However, Gobernador de Anda blocked the King's decree of the secularization of the parishes held by the friars. He also led campaigns against the Moros.

Governor-General de Anda ruled as Governor-General of the Philippines for six years, until he died at the age of 76 in a military hospital in Cavite on October 30, 1776.

Gobernador de Anda is considered one of the great Spanish Governors-General of our country. A monument in Manila was erected in De Anda's memory, while a town in Pangasinan and Bohol was named after him.



July 19, 1922

Filipino journalist, historian, and former head of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) Carmen Guerrero Nakpil was born on this day in 1922 in Ermita, Manila. He is the son of Dr. Alfredo Guerrero, grandson of pharmacist Leon Ma. Guerrero, and one of the first female pharmacists in our country Filomena Francisco.

He graduated from St. Theresa's College in 1942, and from 1946 to 2006, she served as editor and columnist for the Evening News, Manila Chronicle, The Manila Times, and Malaya magazine, where her essays, short stories, and articles were published. readings. He also wrote books on Philippine history and culture, and his own autobiography was divided into three volumes.

He married the granddaughter of Maria Rizal Cruz, sister of Dr. Jose Rizal, and Lt. Ismael A. Cruz in 1942, and remarried architect Angel Nakpil in 1950, but was also widowed. Carmen Guerrero Nakpil had five children from the two she married, including Gemma Cruz-Araneta.

In 1960 she was appointed Chairwoman of the NHCP or former National Historical Commission, director-general of the Technology Resource Center in 1975 and Manila Historical Council in 1990. She was also elected as a member of the UNESCO Executive Board in Paris, France in 1983.

On July 30, 2018, Carmen Guerrero Nakpil passed away at the age of 96 due to pneumonia.



July 19, 1969

On July 19, 1969, Gloria Diaz’s historic victory took place. She is the first Filipina, and third Asian to be crowned Miss Universe. The Miss Universe pageant was held that year in Miami Beach, Florida in the United States where 61 candidates from different countries competed in beauty and talent. But in the end, the beauty and skill of the Filipina prevailed in the competition. She was crowned Miss Universe 1968 Martha Vasconcellos of Brazil. Harriet Eriksson of Finland was the 1st runner up, Joanne Barret of Australia was the 2nd runner up, Chava Levy of Israel was the 3rd runner up, and Kikuyo Osuka of Japan was the 4th runner up.

Gloria Diaz is a business student at St. Scholastica's College in Manila at that time. A pageant scout saw her and encouraged her to join the sixth edition of Binibining Pilipinas. Diaz did not undergo any pageant training, but because of her beauty and talent, she was still able to win the title of Binibining Pilipinas Universe 1969, bringing her historic Miss Universe victory. He was only 18 years old when he participated in such a contest.

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