THE HIRARCHIES OF APPRECIATION
What is important to a young person like you? Perhaps you have different answers to this question. It could be food, air, life, education, parents or friends and many other things that are important to your own point of view. We may not meet two people with similar values, or may have but the way and level of appreciation for them has remained different.
Are your values correct? Another question that will take you to deep thought: is it right to value money more than family? self rather than neighbor? fellow than God? In answering such questions, it is important that you understand how to judge whether a value is low or high.
Before fully understanding the hierarchy of appreciation, it is first necessary to understand what the criteria are in determining its level. Max Scheler wrote Five Attributes of High Values (from Tong-Keun Min's thesis “A Study on the Hierarchy of Values”).
First, higher values last longer compared to low values. For example, spending money to buy a book is higher than buying food. The knowledge gained in the book takes longer than the pleasure of the physical body due to food. Appreciation is at a high level if it can never be changed by time (timelessness or ability to endure).
Second, it is more difficult to reduce the quality of appreciation. The more people possess it, the higher its level. For example, the value of material things diminishes as it is divided, but the value of wisdom does not diminish even when it is shared or shared with so many people. Valuation is at a high level if despite its transmission to so many generations, its quality (indivisibility) is maintained.
Third, the level of appreciation is high if it creates other values. This becomes the basis of other values. For example, a person who works abroad who suffers from loneliness, longing and is too tired to earn enough money; she does this to get her son to graduate. For her, it was more important for her son to graduate from school than it was for his sacrifice and fatigue.
Fourth, the level of appreciation and the depth of satisfaction felt in achieving it are inherently related. In other words, the deeper the satisfaction felt in achieving appreciation, the higher its level. For example, participating in a prayer meeting is deeper than playing basketball (depth of satisfaction).
Fifth, an appreciation is at a high level if it is not based on the organism that feels it. For example, Roselle Ambubuyog was the first blind student at Ateneo University to earn the highest honors as Summa Cum Laude in the BS Mathematics course. Her disability did not prevent her from completing her education. His desire to succeed in his field was far greater than his physical disability.
From the aforementioned principles, Scheler developed the Hierarchy of Appreciation. He called it "ordo amoris" or order of the heart. He says such a hierarchy of appreciation is simply not fully understood by the mind. He believes that the "heart" of man is capable of giving his own righteousness which the mind may not comprehend.