German U-boat Sink British Ship RMS Lusitania and other more.

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The Book Of Yesterday | May 8


May 7, 1915

Exactly 106 years ago, a maritime tragedy occurred in the Atlantic ocean during the early years of World War I. Past 2:10 pm on this day in 1915, while almost on this shores of the Old Head of Kinsale in Ireland, a torpedo of a German u-boat or submarine struck the starboard side or right side of a British passenger ship. that RMS Lusitania, caused the ship's hull to be punctured at the bottom, and it quickly tilted to the right while moving. Another powerful explosion from the bottom of the ship shook, causing it to sink rapidly. More than 1,950 passengers and crew of the Lusitania were enveloped in fear, and because of the speed of events, many of them were unable to get out of the ship's winding corridors. Its lifeboats were also not immediately prepared and as they were being lowered some of them broke their ropes and the evacuating passengers were thrown into the sea. However, nine of Lusitania's more than 40 lifeboats were safely disembarked, and they began to capsize. Many of the ship’s abandoned lifeboats were thrown into the sea, while the ship’s surviving passengers clung for their lives.

Eighteen minutes later, cold seas engulfed Lusitania, but passengers on the boat and swimming in the sea waited another four hours before being rescued by oncoming rescue ships.

It was the first day of May when the Cunard Liner-owned ship RMS Lusitania sailed from the port of New York, United States on the 202nd and final time, and bound for the port of Liverpool in the United Kingdom. Lusitania sailed despite warnings issued by the German ambassador to the United States that their u-boats would attack ships entering their designated war zone, which covers the entire British Isles and the oceans covered by France. The naval blockade by Germany is in response to the British naval blockade in the oceans covered by Germany, which aims to starve and deplete their own resources until they surrender. The British Admiralty ensured that Lusitania and its passengers could safely enter the war zone, but did not send an escort ship to protect Lusitania from attack. On the other hand, the captains of u-boats had no confidence that ships from across the Atlantic were smuggled unarmed, so U-20 captain Walther Schweigger made the safer option; attack ships entering the war zone.

The sinking of the Lusitania killed 1,198 passengers and crew, and 768 survived the tragedy. This time, the United States, which wanted to avoid war in Europe, was caught up in the war because of the deaths of 120 of its compatriots in the sinking of Lusitania. The German government has drawn condemnation from the international community, and the Kaiser has also been accused of being barbaric because of its harsh maritime policy, which has already affected civilians. The sinking of Lusitania was also used as a wartime propaganda to expose the negative image of Germany. The attacks of u-boats in the Atlantic sea, in which many more Americans were killed, did not end here. The German government later suspended the reckless sinking of u-boats on passenger ships, whether from Allied or neutral countries.


May 7, 1899

On this day in 1899, Apolinario Mabini's retirement as President of the Cabinet took effect after it was accepted by President Emilio Aguinaldo. In a statement on his resignation, Mabini expressed his frustration with the weak leadership of President Aguinaldo, as well as other Cabinet members such as Felipe Buencamino, Sr. and Pedro Paterno, who proposes autonomy under the United States. Mabini also knows that many of his cabinet colleagues want him gone because they see him as a threat to their plans.

Meanwhile, Mabini also negotiated with the Americans to demand a momentary ceasefire, but the latter demanded full Philippine autonomy under them. On the day Mabini retired from President Aguinaldo's cabinet, Pedro Paterno was appointed the new President of the Cabinet. Paterno remained in office until President Aguinaldo dissolved the cabinet as the Republic retreated north to flee the Americans.

Apolinario Mabini was elected President of the Cabinet of the newly established First Republic of the Philippines on January 2, 1899. He became the first Prime Minister of the Philippines and became President Aguinaldo's advisor on political aspects.


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