Learning and knowing the Eight Part of speech...

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Avatar for Debosmita
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English Conversation, Grammar, and Phrase...πŸ“–Have a nice practice😊


There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence. An individual word can function as more than one part of speech when used in different circumstances. Understanding parts of speech is essential for determining the correct definition of a word when using the dictionary.


A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

man... Butte College... house... happiness

A noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are often used with an article (the, a, an), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singular or plural, concrete or abstract. Nouns show possession by adding 's. Nouns can function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition.


A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

She... we... they... it

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substituted for a specific noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl. Pronouns are further defined by type: personal pronouns refer to specific persons or things; possessive pronouns indicate ownership; reflexive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun; relative pronouns introduce a subordinate clause; and demonstrative pronouns identify, point to, or refer to nouns.


A verb expresses action or being.

jump... is... write... become

The verb in a sentence expresses action or being. There is a main verb and sometimes one or more helping verbs. ("She can sing." Sing is the main verb; can is the helping verb.) A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural). Verbs also take different forms to express tense.


An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

pretty... old... blue... smart

An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the question of which one, what kind, or how many. (Articles [a, an, the] are usually classified as adjectives.)


An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

gently... extremely... carefully... well

An adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers the questions of when, where, how, why, under what conditions, or to what degree. Adverbs often end in -ly.


A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence.

by... with.... about... until

(by the tree, with our friends, about the book, until tomorrow)

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence. Therefore a preposition is always part of a prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase almost always functions as an adjective or as an adverb. The following list includes the most common prepositions:


A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses.

and... but... or... while... because

A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relationship between the elements joined. Coordinating conjunctions connect grammatically equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Subordinating conjunctions connect clauses that are not equal: because, although, while, since, etc. There are other types of conjunctions as well.


An interjection is a word used to express emotion.

Oh!... Wow!... Oops!

An interjection is a word used to express emotion. It is often followed by an exclamation point.

The 9 Parts of Speech

Read about each part of speech below and get started practicing identifying each.


Nouns are a person, place, thing, or idea. They can take on a myriad of roles in a sentence, from the subject of it all to the object of an action. They are capitalized when they're the official name of something or someone, called proper nouns in these cases. Examples: pirate, Caribbean, ship, freedom, Captain Jack Sparrow.


Pronouns stand in for nouns in a sentence. They are more generic versions of nouns that refer only to people. Examples:​ I, you, he, she, it, ours, them, who, which, anybody, ourselves.


Verbs are action words that tell what happens in a sentence. They can also show a sentence subject's state of being (is, was). Verbs change form based on tense (present, past) and count distinction (singular or plural). Examples: sing, dance, believes, seemed, finish, eat, drink, be, became


Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. They specify which one, how much, what kind, and more. Adjectives allow readers and listeners to use their senses to imagine something more clearly. Examples: hot, lazy, funny, unique, bright, beautiful, poor, smooth.


Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs. They specify when, where, how, and why something happened and to what extent or how often. Examples: softly, lazily, often, only, hopefully, softly, sometimes.


Prepositions show spacial, temporal, and role relations between a noun or pronoun and the other words in a sentence. They come at the start of a prepositional phrase, which contains a preposition and its object. Examples: up, over, against, by, for, into, close to, out of, apart from.


Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence. There are coordinating, subordinating, and correlative conjunctions. Examples: and, but, or, so, yet, with.

8.Articles and Determiners

Articles and determiners function like adjectives by modifying nouns, but they are different than adjectives in that they are necessary for a sentence to have proper syntax. Articles and determiners specify and identify nouns, and there are indefinite and definite articles. Examples: articles: a, an, the; determiners: these, that, those, enough, much, few, which, what.

Some traditional grammars have treated articles as a distinct part of speech. Modern grammars, however, more often include articles in the category of determiners, which identify or quantify a noun. Even though they modify nouns like adjectives, articles are different in that they are essential to the proper syntax of a sentence, just as determiners are necessary to convey the meaning of a sentence, while adjectives are optional.


Interjections are expressions that can stand on their own or be contained within sentences. These words and phrases often carry strong emotions and convey reactions. Examples: ah, whoops, ouch, yabba dabba do!

⏩ Home Grammar Word classes Nouns

Types Of Nouns

Types Of Nouns

There are several different types of noun, as follows:

1.Common noun

A common noun is a noun that refers to people or things in general, e.g. boy, country, bridge, city, birth, day, happiness.

2.Proper noun

A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing, e.g. Steven, Africa, London, Monday. In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.

3.Concrete noun

A concrete noun is a noun which refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted. Examples include dog, building, coffee, tree, rain, beach, tune.

4.Abstract noun

An abstract noun is a noun which refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions - things that cannot be seen or touched and things which have no physical reality, e.g. truth, danger, happiness, time, friendship, humour.

5.Collective nouns

Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things, e.g. audience, family, government, team, jury. In American English, most collective nouns are treated as singular, with a singular verb:

The whole family was at the table.

In British English, the preceding sentence would be correct, but it would also be correct to treat the collective noun as a plural, with a plural verb:

The whole family were at the table.

For more information about this, see matching verbs to collective nouns.

A noun may belong to more than one category. For example, happiness is both a common noun and an abstract noun, while Mount Everest is both a concrete noun and a proper noun.

Count and mass nouns

Nouns can be either countable or uncountable. Countable nouns (or count nouns) are those that refer to something that can be counted. Uncountable nouns (or mass nouns) do not typically refer to things that can be counted and so they do not regularly have a plural form.

Common Verbs with example phrase

be πŸ™‚ Be happy.

have πŸ–οΈ Have a good day.

do πŸ’ͺ Do the work.

say πŸ—¨οΈ Say, β€œHello.”

get πŸ› οΈ Get to work.

make πŸ‘©β€πŸ³ Make some food.

go πŸ›΅ Go for a drive.

know πŸŽ“ I know a lot.

take 🎫 Take a number.

see πŸ‘“ I can see.

come 🧲 Come to me.

think πŸ€” I think so.

look πŸ‘€ Look at that.

want πŸ˜‹ I want to eat.

give 🎁 Give me a gift.

use 🍴 Use a fork.

find πŸ” Find the answer.

tell 🎀 Tell your story.

ask πŸ™‹ Ask a question.

work πŸ”¨ I work hard.

seem πŸ€” You seem lost.

feel πŸ€— I feel happy.

try 😣 Try again.

leave πŸšΆβ€β™‚οΈ I will leave.

call πŸ“± Call me.

Common Nouns with example phrase

person πŸ˜ƒ This person is happy.

man πŸ‘¨ The man is nice.

woman πŸ‘© The woman is young.

child πŸ§’ The child is small.

time ⏰ The time is 7am.

year πŸŽ‰ The year is 2019.

week πŸ“… A week is 7 days.

day πŸ“† This is a good day.

way πŸ›£οΈ Come this way.

thing ❔ What is that thing?

world 🌎 The world is big.

life βš•οΈ Life is good.

hand βœ‹ My hand is clean.

part 🧩 I like this part.

eye πŸ‘οΈ My eye is open.

place πŸ—ΊοΈ This is the place.

work πŸ”¨ My work is important.

case πŸ“ USCIS case number

point πŸ“Œ I see your point.

government πŸ›οΈ I like the government.

company 🏭 Her company is new.

number πŸ”’ This is my number.

group πŸ‘¨β€πŸ‘©β€πŸ‘¦ The group is big.

problem 🀦 I have a problem.

fact πŸ“š That is a fact

Common Adjectives with example phrase

good πŸ‘ Good work.

new πŸŒ… It is a new day.

first πŸ₯‡ This is my first job.

last 🀷 That was last time.

long ✈️ It was a long way.

great πŸ‘·β€β™€οΈ She is a great boss.

little πŸš— I have a little car.

own 🏠 I want my own home.

other 🏨 I like the other place.

old 🏚️ It is an old house.

right πŸ“² This is the right number.

big πŸ‘ͺ It was a big group.

high πŸ”’ It is a high number.

different ⌚ I have a different time.

small 🌎 It is a small world.

large 🏬 That is a large place.

next πŸ“… That is next week.

early 🀀 I like early lunch.

young πŸ§’ He is a young child.

important πŸ‘©β€βœˆοΈ She is an important person.

few πŸ—“οΈ Give me a few days.

public 🏞️ It is a public place.

bad πŸ˜₯ You have a bad problem.

same ⏲️ Come at the same time.

able 🧰 I am able to work.

Common Prepositions with example phrase

to = Go to work

of = a lot of people

in =Get in place

for =Come for the day

on =Be on time

with =Stay with my child

at =Good at work

by =Wait by the car

from =I am from New York

up =Go up to the place

about =Tell me about life

into =Come into work soon

over =Go over there next week

after =Call me after work

Other common vocabulary – with example phrase

the = the child

and =man and woman

a. = a day

that = that place

I. = I like you

it =It is nice.

not =Not my place

he. = He is nice.

as. = as a child

you =You are nice

this =This is the place

but =But not today

his =His car

they =They are here

her =Her mother

she =She is nice

or. = Yes or no

an =an eye for an eye

will =I will call you

my =My first job.

one =One at a time

all. = All the same

would=I would like that

there =There is a place to stay

their =Their home is nice

What Is A Verb?

Verbs are very important in grammar, and we actually use many different types of verbs when we talk about what things do or how things are. Because they do so much for us, it is only fair that we take the time to learn a little more about verbs and some of the common types of verbs used in English.

What is a verb?

When we write sentences or clauses, we need to include a verb. What is a verb? A verb is a word that we use to refer to actions (what things do) and states of being (how things are). For example, the words describe, eat, and rotate are verbs. As you are about to see, verbs come in a lot of different types that don’t all behave the same way. When using proper grammar, it is important that you use verbs correctly. So, we are going to explore the many different types of verbs that we use and how to successfully use them to create great, clear sentences.

Types of verbs

We are going to explore 11 different types of verbs. Because every type deserves some attention, we won’t be going into too much detail on each type. If you want to learn more than what is covered here, you’re in luck. Listed below are each of the 11 types of verbs we are going to look at and a link to an article entirely focused on that specific type of verb.

Action verbs

Stative verbs

Transitive verbs

Intransitive verbs

Linking verbs

Helping verbs (also called auxiliary verbs)

Modal verbs

Regular verbs

Irregular verbs

Phrasal verbs


1. Action verbs

Action verbs, as their name says, are used to refer to actions. These can refer to physical actions that are performed with bodies or objects, such as jump, hit, or sing, or mental actions that we use our brains to perform, such as think, consider, or memorize. Most verbs you will find are action verbs.

List of action verbs






Examples of action verbs in a sentence

Each of these sentences uses action verbs. You’ll see that each verb is referring to a physical or mental action.

2. Stative verbs

Unlike action verbs, stative verbs refer to conditions or states of being. Generally speaking, we use stative verbs to describe things like qualities, states of existence, opinions, beliefs, and emotions. When used in a sentence, stative verbs do not refer to actions. It is important to know that some verbs can be used as either action or stative verbs depending on their meaning in the sentence. We are less likely to use stative verbs in the continuous verb tenses.

List of stative verbs






Get to know the stative verb have even better with this examination of has vs. have.

Examples of stative verbs in a sentence

These sentences all use stative verbs. You’ll notice that none of these verbs refer to actions.

The mansion has five bathrooms.

Allie loves her younger sisters.

My car needs an oil change.

3. Transitive verbs

A transitive verb is a verb that is accompanied by a direct object in a sentence. The direct object is the noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that is having something done to it by the subject of the sentence. Both action and stative verbs can have direct objects, which means they can both be used as transitive verbs.

Examples of transitive verbs in a sentence

The following sentences all contain examples of transitive verbs. As you read each one, consider what the direct object of the sentence is.

Leonardo ate a delicious pepperoni pizza.

The wealthy man bought three paintings.

She really hates broccoli.

4. Intransitive verbs

The opposite of a transitive verb is an intransitive verb. A verb is an intransitive verb if it is not used with a direct object. Remember, only nouns, pronouns, and noun phrases can be direct objects. Prepositional phrases, adjectives, and adverbs cannot be used as direct objects. Once again, both action and stative verbs can be used as intransitive verbs.

Examples intransitive verbs in a sentence

Each of these sentences uses intransitive verbs. Look carefully and you will see that none of these sentences have direct objects.

Airplanes fly.

The children slept while the adults worked.

The terrified monkeys hid in the trees after they saw the gigantic hungry snake.

5. Linking verbs

Linking verbs are a special type of stative verb whose name gives a big clue as to what they do. Linking verbs are used to link a subject with a subject complement. A subject complement describes or identifies the subject of the sentence or clause. Linking verbs can function as intransitive verbs, which do not take direct objects.

List of words used as linking verbs






Examples of linking verbs in a sentence

In each of the following sentences, linking verbs are used to link a subject with a subject complement.

Mike is a great dancer.

That gold watch looks expensive.

Suddenly, the mall got really crowded.

6. Helping verbs (auxiliary verbs)

Helping verbs, also called auxiliary verbs, are helpful verbs that work with other verbs to change the meaning of a sentence. A helping verb combines with a main verb in order to accomplish different goals. These include changing the tense of the verb or altering the mood of a sentence.

List of words used as helping verbs






Examples of helping verbs in a sentence

Each of the following sentences uses a helping verb. Take a moment to consider what each sentence is saying and how a helping verb contributes to the meaning of the sentence.

The musician has performed in concerts all over the world.

My cat is getting slow in her old age.

Cheetahs can run incredibly fast.

7. Modal verbs

Modal verbs are a subgroup of helping verbs that are used to give a sentence a specific mood. Each modal verb is used differently, and they can express concepts such as ability, necessity, possibility, or permission.

List of verbs used as modal verbs






Examples of modal verbs in a sentence

The following sentences all use modal verbs to express a certain tone. You’ll see that each sentence would have a different meaning (or wouldn’t make sense) without the modal verb.

Once you finish your homework, you may play outside.

We must carefully add two eggs to the mixing bowl.

I would go to the movies if I wasn’t busy working.

Learn about one certain mood that confuses many: the subjunctive mood.

8. Regular verbs

A verb is considered a regular verb if its past tense form and past participle ends in -ed, -d, or the verb is a -t variant verb. For example, the verb look is a regular verb because both its past tense form and past participle is looked. Sometimes, regular verbs may slightly change spelling. For example, the past tense and past participle of cry is cried.

List of regular verbs

jump becomes jumped

slip becomes slipped

try becomes tried

sleep becomes slept

lend becomes lent

Examples of regular verbs in a sentence

Each of the following sentences use regular verbs in either their past tense form or as a past participle.

He walked two miles to the post office.

We purchased all of the supplies that we needed for the camping trip.

Tiffany had noticed something strange about Marcus’s story.

9. Irregular verbs

An irregular verb is a verb whose past tense and past participle form doesn’t end in -ed, -d, and doesn’t use the –t variant. Often, the spelling of these verbs changes dramatically or may not even change at all.

List of irregular verbs

be becomes am, is, are, was, were, be, being, and been

eat becomes ate, eaten

fly becomes flew, flown

catch becomes caught, caught

set becomes set, set

Examples of irregular verbs in a sentence

The following sentences use irregular verbs. Despite being used in the past tense or as a past participle, none of these verbs end in -ed, -d, or are a -t variant verb.

Cindy knew all of the right answers.

This junky computer has given me nothing but headaches since I bought it.

The workers took the furniture out of the moving truck.

10. Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verbs are combinations of a verb with prepositions and/or adverbs that have a different meaning from the individual words used to form them. For example, the verb shut means β€œto close,” and the adverb down means β€œnot up” or β€œin a descending direction.” However, the phrasal verb shut down means to stop the operation of something.

List of phrasal verbs

ask for

put up with

talk down to

lock up

cut across

Examples of phrasal verbs in a sentence

The following sentences show how we can use phrasal verbs. Sometimes, we can separate out the words of a phrasal verb and the sentence is still grammatically correct.

The frustrated business owner closed down his store.

Dave loves to show off his baseball trophies.

My mother always told me it is a good idea to put some money away in case of emergencies.

11. Infinitives

Our last type of verb isn’t actually a verb at allβ€”sorry about that! However, infinitives look a lot like verbs because they are derived from them. An infinitive of a verb is identical to the base form of the verb. For example, the infinitive form of the verb open is open. Typically, we use infinitives with the word to in order to form infinitive phrases. Infinitive phrases can be used for a variety of reasons, such as to act like nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

Examples of infinitive phrases in a sentence

All of the following sentences use infinitive phrases. In order, the infinitive phrases are acting as a noun (nominal infinitive), an adjective (adjectival infinitive), and an adverb (adverbial infinite..

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Avatar for Debosmita
1 year ago


It is important to teach kids the proper use of parts of speech so they could apply it in their daily lives and to become effective communicators.

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