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Good evening friends, we are now in season of pawpaw known as carica papaya. Are you ready to grow Pawpaw in controlled environment like polyhouse or greenhouse? here is the some basic information of pawpaw farming. Pawpaw plant belongs to the family Caricaceae. Botanically Papaya called as Carica papaya and it is also known as pawpaw. It has become very popular fruit due to its fast growth, high yield, and high nutrient value as well. Papaya trees are tropical plants that produce pear-shaped and
melon-like fruit. They can be difficult to grow as they are sensitive to drought, cold temperatures, high winds, and shade. Pawpaw grows best when planted in full sunlight 🌞. However,it can be planted as an inter crop under coconut or as a cash crop between young fruit trees such as mango 🥭 or citrus. Low growing annual crops such as capsicums,beans, onions and cabbage are suitable good inter crops. The papaya seed should be from a dependable source and sown as soon as possible. Growing Papaya is easy as long as you can give them what they need. They are sensitive to certain types of pests and diseases. Papaya trees can be planted in the garden, for private
enjoyment of its edible fruit and large leaves. It's best to plant two or three to ensure proper pollination. They do well along walls, fences, or buildings. Companion plants to the papaya are Ginger, Banana, and Palm trees. Water requirement for Pawpaw farming depends on the environmental factors of the area like light, temperature, wind, soil type, etc. It differs with the age of the plant. A young Papaya plant would want more moisture than the older trees. This is because older Papaya trees have slower vegetative growth. Hence the seedlings are irrigated once or twice a week while fruit-bearing trees want irrigation once in every 15 days.
People looking to lose weight quickly should consume papaya during breakfast and as a snack between lunch and dinner.
The types are based on the flowers arranged and can only be differentiated after the plants have flowers.
The male (staminate):: This has male parts and doesn't produce fruits. Flowers are produced in large numbers in long dropping branches.
The female (distillate):: Has female parts only. Flowers are large, situated singly or in clusters near the tree 🌲 trunk and close to the base of leaf stalk. It is pollinated through cross pollination and produces fruits that are sweetest in all the varieties.
The hermaphrodite::: contains both make and female parts on the same plant thus capable of self pollination.
Pollination is a key component in pawpaw production because it determines fruit set and quality.
There are some pests that can cause damage and spoil the fruit production. The pests in papaya fruits are whitefly, fruit flies, aphids, red spider mite, ash weevils, and grey weevil. Then the infected plant parts want to be destroyed along with the application of prophylactic sprays of Dimethoate (0.3%) or methyl demeton (0.05%).
Harvest fruits when they reach the level of ripeness you desire. Tart, green fruits can be eaten as a vegetable, but many people prefer fully ripe, yellow, or orange fruits for their sweet taste. You could harvest anytime after the fruit is mostly yellow.