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Philosophy is derived from two Greek words: Philos/pholos/philem/philia or philein meaning Love and Sophia meaning wisdom. Etymologically, philosophy is the love of wisdom. There is no universal definition of philosophy, the complexities surrounding the definition of philosophy has led some philosophers to define philosophy as undefinable. Each philosopher has his or own definition of philosophy:
(I). "Philosophy is an academic subject that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality, and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, life, morality, virtue and human nature."
(II). "Philosophy is the tenacious attempt of reasoning men to think through the fundamental issues of life, to reach reasonable conclusion on first and last things to suggest worthwhile goals that can command loyalty of individuals and groups."
(III). "Philosophy is a search for comprehensive view of nature, an attempt at a universal explanation of nature."
(IV). "Philosophy is the science of sciences."
(V). "Philosophy is a persistent effort of both ordinary and persistent people to make life as intelligible and meaningful as possible."
(VI). Philosophy is a philosophical process of solving some characteristic methods from a characteristic attitude and arriving at characteristic conclusions."
Dr. Ramnath Sharma
(VII). "Philosophy is a process of constant questioning."
(VIII). "Philosophy is thinking really hard about the most important questions and trying to bring analytic clarity to the questions and the answers."
(IX). "Philosophy is the successful love of thinking."
(X). "Philosophy is the study of the costs and benefits that accrue when you take up a certain position."
Etymologically, Epistemology is derived from two Greek word "Episteme" meaning knowledge and "Logos" meaning study, theory or reason. Thus, Epistemology studies the origin, nature and scope of knowledge. School of thoughts or philosophical systems in Epistemology are rationalism, empericism and idealism. Rationalism postulated that reason alone is the source of true knowledge. Empericism holds that knowledge can be available only though sense experience. Idealism emphasizes mind, spirit, soul or ideas as ultimate source of knowledge.