Crimea is a peninsula located on the north coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe and is almost completely surrounded by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov from the northeast. This region has been a colony of different countries for many years until modern times and many wars have taken place in it.
HISTORY OF THE CRIMEAN PENINSULA
As mentioned earlier, Crimea has been a permanent colony for many years and has been ruled by many empires. For example, the southern margin of the country was colonized by the Greeks, Persians, Romans, Byzantine Empire, Crimean Goths, Geneva and the Ottoman Empire.
The interior of the area was also occupied at the same time by various groups such as the step tribes and steppe empires. Later, the Mongols and other lands adjacent to the Crimea were united in the territory of Crimea during the 15th to 18th centuries.
In 1783, as a result of the war between Russia and Turkey, Crimea was occupied by the Russian Empire. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became an autonomous republic in the Soviet Union.
Later, during World War II, Crimea deported all of its indigenous population, the Crimean Tatars, to the Crimean province of Central Asia. This Crimean act was recognized by many countries at the time, such as Ukraine, as a great genocide.
The Crimean peninsula was later transferred to Ukraine from the Soviet Union in 1954. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine was re-established as an independent state in 1991, and the Crimean peninsula began to reorganize as an autonomous republic.
During the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution, which ousted then-President Viktor Yanukovych, Russia intervened and deployed troops on the Crimean peninsula .
Then in the same year, an illegal referendum on Crimea's alliance with Russia was held, and the vote was approved by 90 percent of the people. This happened while the referendum was completely illegal and was rejected by the United Nations, but after that, Russia formally declared Crimea its ally.
The situation in Crimea is still unclear, and Ukraine still claims ownership. Many other countries also consider Crimea part of Ukraine.
TOURISM ON THE CRIMEAN PENINSULA
Crimea has been a holiday destination since the second half of the 19th century. During these years, the development of transportation networks brought a large number of tourists from the central regions of the Russian Empire to the Crimea.
At the beginning of the twentieth century the major development of palaces and villas began, most of which still remain today. These palaces are one of the main attractions of Crimea, which many tourists travel to every year to see them.
There are many myths about the tourist places of Crimea, which make them more attractive to tourists.
The Soviet government later turned Crimea into a health center, where it set up a camp for young veterans, which from 1925 to 1969 sent about 300,000 children on holiday. Be. During these years, Crimea was chosen as a destination for improving health.
But in the 1990s, Crimea again became a tourist destination. Popular places on the Crimean peninsula include the cities of Yalta and Alosha, the west coast of Opatoria and Saki, and the southeast coasts of Feodosia and Sudak.
According to National Geographic, Crimea was among the top 20 tourist destinations in 2013.
TOURISM PLACES OF THE CRIMEAN PENINSULA
As mentioned earlier, Crimea is best known for its many beautiful palaces. There are also beautiful beaches in this area that attract many tourists every year.
In general, the famous tourist destinations of Crimea include the following:
The last residence and retreat of the Russian Tsar, Nicholas II, was in this magnificent palace. Today, the palace is sometimes used for international meetings.
One of the most popular tourist and recreational cities located in the southeast of Crimea.
It is a very large hill located in the center of the city of Kerch, which is in the eastern part of the Crimean peninsula. From the top of this hill you can see a very beautiful view of nature.
TREASURE OF THE SCYTHIANS
Kol Oba is a historical place in Crimea where they have been able to identify the treasures and relics of the Scythians and turn this place into a historical museum.
CASTLE SWALLOW'S NEST
A decorative castle located in a small hot spring town between Yalta and Alupka. This building was located in 1911 on the edge of a 40-meter cliff and is very beautiful.
One of the oldest palaces in Crimea and one of the most popular tourist attractions located on the southern coast of Crimea.
Bakhisarai Palace or Khan Palace, built in the 16th century, is one of the most famous Muslim palaces.
OTHER TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF THE CRIMEAN PENINSULA
New Suite area
Nikitsky Botanical Garden
Aivazovsky National Gallery
Balaklava Maritime Museum Collection
Valley of Ghosts
The Crimean peninsula is one of the most touristic regions of Russia, which is very famous for its very old and beautiful palaces and various architectures of different ethnic groups.
This area has a semi-temperate but slightly cold climate and it is better to visit it in mid-spring or summer if you plan to visit it.
*share the beauties ...
Castle Swallow's Nest seems standing on a shaky place. This place seems dangerous because an earthquake can break this Nest any time.☹