Azam Shah, the 3rd son of Emperor Aurangzeb, the Mughal prince, started its construction in 16 AD while he was the subaddar of Bengal. He was in Bengal for 15 months. Before the construction of the fort was completed, his father Emperor Aurangzeb summoned him to Delhi to quell the Maratha rebellion . At this time , after the construction of a mosque and a court hall, the construction of the fort stopped. Subaddar Shaista Khan came to Dhaka again in 180 AD as the subadar of Bengal and resumed the construction of the fort. In 184, Rahmat Banu (Peri Bibi), daughter of Shaista Khan, died here. After the death of his daughter, Shaista Khan considered the fort a misfortune and stopped its construction unfinished in 164 AD. One of the three main installations of Lalbagh fort is the tomb of Pari Bibi. It lost its popularity after Shaista Khan left Dhaka. The capital was shifted from Dhaka to Murshidabad; This was the main reason. The fort remained abandoned after the end of the royal Mughal period. In 1844, the area was renamed "Aurangabad" and "Lalbagh" and the fort became Lalbagh Fort.
For a long time it was thought that the fort was a combination of three buildings (mosque, fairy Bibi tomb and Dewan-i-Am), with two huge arches and a partially destroyed fortified wall. Recent excavations by the Bangladesh Department of Archeology have revealed the existence of other infrastructures.
There was a huge tower in the south-west corner of the southern castle wall. To the north of the southern fort wall were a few buildings, stables, administrative buildings, and to the west was a beautiful roof-garden with reservoirs and fountains.
The residential part was to the west-east of the fort wall, mainly to the south-west of the mosque.
The south fort wall had five towers at regular intervals equal to two locks in height, and the west fort wall had two towers, the largest of which was at the main entrance to the south.
The towers had an underground tunnel. The central area of the fort was occupied by three main buildings. Dewan-i-Am and Hammam Khana in the east, the mosque in the west and the tomb of the fairy Bibi in a line between the two, but not at equal distances. A water channel with several fountains at regular intervals connected the three buildings from east to west and from north to south.
The hammam was originally used as a residence for the subedars. This building of Lalbagh fort was used for two purposes. Hammam Khana (as a building) 2. The One I (as a court). The lower floor of this building was the Bas Bhaban or Hammam Khana and the upper floor was the Court i.e. The One Mango. Shaista Khan lived in this building and this was his court. From here he conducted all judicial proceedings.
It is one of the three installations of Lalbagh Fort. The angel Bibi lies buried. Shaista Khan built this charming shrine in memory of his daughter. Of the three huge gates of Lalbagh Fort, only one is currently open to the public. When you enter through this door, you can see the tomb of Pari Bibi. In fact, the picture that is better known as "Lalbagh Fort" is the picture of Pari Bibi's tomb. Pari Bibi whose other name was Iran Dukhat Rahmat Banu was the daughter of Shaista Khan , the Mughal subahdar of Subah Bengal . Bibi married Prince Muhammad Azam , son of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb , on 3 May 18 . In 184, the fairy Bibi After his untimely death, he was buried inside the Lalbagh fort under construction. The tomb of Pari Bibi was built by marking her tomb . The installation of Pari Bibi's shrine is quadrangular. The nine rooms are decorated with marble stones, kasti stones and flower-leaf glazed tiles of different colors. In a room in the middle is the tomb of Pari Bibi and there are eight rooms around this house. The roof of the installation is made of Kasti stone and has four octagonal minarets at the four corners and an octagonal dome in the middle. The dome above the central chamber of the main tomb was once inlaid with gold, later the whole dome was covered with brass / copper sheets. The interior of the installation is covered with white marble stones.The 20.2 m square tomb was built before 16 AD. However, experts say that Pari Bibi's body is not here at present.
Prince Azam, the third son of Emperor Aurangzeb, built this mosque in 16-79 AD while he was the subaddar of Bengal. The rectangular (19.19 m: × 9.84 m) three-domed mosque is a perfect example of the traditional Mughal mosques in the country. The mosque is still used for the prayers of the worshipers.
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