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The mausoleum at Halicarnassus

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2 years ago

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

This was the tomb of Persian ruler Mausolus, who ruled part of the Persian empire from 377 to 353 BC. Halicarnassus (modern-day Bodrum) in Turkey was his capital. After his death his widow built this magnificent tomb, which measured 105 by 242m and was 43m high. It was damaged by an earthquake and demolished in 1522. The word mausoleum has come to mean any great tomb.

The Colossus of Rhodes

The huge statue of sun god Helios stood in Rhodes harbour, Greece. In 305-304 BC warrior king Demetrius Poliorcetes attacked the city of Rhodes. When he abandoned his siege, the people built the giant statue as an offering to the god Helios. It took 12 years to build and stood 33m high, but in 226 BC it was destroyed by an earthquake.

The Pharos of Alexandria

This was a lighthouse off the coast of the city of Alexandria. Work started on it in about 299 BC and it was completed about 20 years later. It was 124m tall - the tallest lighthouse ever made. It was damaged by earthquakes and in 1375 toppled into the sea, Marine archaeologists have found a few remains.

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