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Who destroyed one third of the forests

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Written by   17
4 months ago

The world has lost one-third of its forests in ten thousand years, if the rate of

destruction continues, then in the next century, the cool shade of trees will be

mentioned in books. The new generation will ask how dense forests used to be.

Several major factors are leading to the destruction of forests, including settlement

, mining, implementation of infrastructure projects, fires, paper and furniture

production, seeds , establishment of pastures, lack or excess of rains,

lack of protection of forests and changes in temperature are also included.

Due to the destruction of forests, the habitats of birds are being destroyed.

Many species of animals and insects have become extinct. Due to the loss of

biodiversity, economic losses are also increasing worldwide.

Animals also increase soil fertility and control floods to some extent. Forests

of dollars are being lost annually. One of the causes of climate change is

deforestation, due to the lack of forests, the earth is not protected from rains

and temperature, its losses are different Hannah Ritchie, a researcher on forests,

wrote on February 9, 2021 that "A thousand years ago, the world was green, every

hundred forests were forests. In those thousand years, the Ice Age ended and we

entered the present age There is 9 billion hectares, but this vast area is not

habitable, people can settle on a limited part. 29 percent of the land is snowy

and desert. There are glaciers and ice floes or barren, seemingly endless deserts.

It is impossible to think of settlement there. Of the remaining 71%, 57% of the

land was forested, until the end of the second phase of the Ice Age, 10 thousand

years ago. Forests were established on 57% of the area, i.e. 6 billion hectares, but it

was possible to think of cutting down the forests to keep a residence, so now

the total area of forests has reduced from 6 billion hectares to 4 billion hectares.

The rest of the forests have been destroyed. We can say that people have destroyed

forests equal to two United States. 10% of forests were lost till 5000 years ago.

It was a time when the total population of the world was crores and the rate of

growth was also low. This population was growing slowly, large settlements were

settled here and there. The agricultural areas were very large while the population

was small. of food After the 1600th century, the population of the world began to

increase rapidly. In the 1700th century. the population increased to 60.30 crores.

which required additional food for humans and animals. Pastures and

cultivated areas began to increase. In the 20th century, the peak was reached.

When the world's forests were less than half. That is, from 8000 BC to 1900,

the forests were cut down to less than half, while the population almost

doubled, i.e. 1.65 billion. Five times less than today. In this era, fire and wood

were among the basic needs, so a lot of wood was needed for housing, food,

lighting and driving animals. Due to which both consumption and wastage of

wood began to increase. The result of the increase in demand was that in the

last one hundred years, the world has erased the name and mark of forests

equal to the last 10 thousand years, that is, forests equal to one United States

were destroyed ten thousand years ago and another forest equal to one United

States. was destroyed in the last one hundred years. were done By 1950, humans

took up residence in more forests apart from agriculture. By 2018, the volume of

forests had shrunk from 46% to 38%. Where trees and plants once swayed, the

glittering billboards of the "Mega City" began to appear. Despite all the

development, the urban area is still equal to one percent of the total forests. The area

where we live is not more than one percent of the total forests. It can be said that the

real danger is now hovering over us. After that, there is hardly any forest in the

world. Because according to the United Nations, the world population may be 10.8

billion by 2100. Then you can estimate the destruction of forests. The general

impression is that agriculture has replaced forests. but This is not true. the

agriculture sector did not destroy the forests.

Since 1961, the area under cultivation has increased by only 7%, while the

population has increased by 147% during this period, which has increased from 3.1

billion to 7. 6 billion.

Urbanization has damaged both forests and agricultural land. Cultivated area per

capita decreased from 1.45 hectares to 0.63 hectares per capita. Since the 19805, man

has learned to grow horizontally instead of vertically through modern machinery

and technology, which has reduced deforestation slightly per year. Forests have

remained on only 2% of the area. In Russia, forests 2% are cleared from an area of

20,000 km every year. From 1990 to 2010,Malaysia cut down forests on 19 million

hectares. In the Philippines, 98 million hectares from 1934 to 1988. Forests were

destroyed. According to the United Nations Environment program.

The rate of deforestation in Africa is twice that of other countries. In 2005, the

volume of forests in Indonesia decreased by 40%. In Canada alone, 56 thousand

hectares of forests were destroyed in 2005, this is the largest loss in any one year.

After deforestation, the volume of forests remained 31 lakh square kilometers. The

Amazon Rain Forest is the largest forest in the world, its total area is 55 lakh square

kilometers, up to 70 percent of it has been converted into pastures, etc. in New

Zealand. In 800 years, 75% of forests were destroyed.

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