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Punishment was the norm for criminals in different eras.
The legal system says that the punishment of the offender should be according to the seriousness of the crime. Yet in the past minor sins have been severely punished.
Some may have been hanged for stealing sheep, others may have been killed for stealing bread and their bones broken. Today I would like to talk about some of these punishments
Beheading: The reign of terror after the French Revolution (1793-1794). At that time, civilization was shocked to see the awfulness of punishment. Maximilian Robespierre, the leader of the rebels, convicted thousands of people of being enemies of the people and sentenced them to death. Those thousands of people were identified as enemies of the people just because they were 'elite'. They were beheaded in guillotine.
In 1793, Marie Antoinette was the victim of the guillotine.
Iron Virgin: In the late 18th century, the last instrument of oppression was the Iron Virgin - a hollow box shaped like a man made of iron. Whoever was to be punished would be put in it and the door would be shut. On the inside of the palla was a sharp spike which could penetrate the body of the prisoner.
Exile: The inhabitants of the ancient city of Athens found a safe way to get rid of those who disliked them politically. Citizens' sessions were called. The name of the person who needed to be removed because he did not like it was written on a broken piece of clay, which was called 'Astrakon'. The man whose name was written the most was sent into exile for ten years.
Torture device: In ancient Rome, slaves were not punished according to the degree of crime. Punishment for minor sins was the rule in their case. At that time, even though the slaves were minors, unspeakable torture was used to get the news out of their stomachs. And if a slave had been convicted of murder, he would have been crucified, and all the slaves under his master would have been crucified at once.
Seat of torture: It had large thorns in the place of reclining, sitting and holding hands. As soon as he sat in it, thorns would penetrate the skin, blood would drip and the result would be death.
In the Middle Ages, cage pillars were always used to punish criminals. It is made of two wooden planks. The holes in the planks were used to hold the criminal's hands and throat and lead him into the crowd to be ridiculed.
In ancient times, if the son was the cause of death of the father or mother, even if the son had a role in the accident of the father or mother, the son was sentenced to death. But even if the father beat his son to death, he would be released only with a fine.
The last witch: In 1782, a woman named Anna Goldie was beheaded. In the face of persecution, he was forced to say that he saw Satan as a black dog. He also said that with the help of that dog, he pierced the witch's needle in the food of his owner's daughter. Anna Goldie was the last woman in Europe to die for being a witch.