Artificial intelligence has been known for its superior ability to cognitively perform human functions, including learning, thinking, speaking, performing routine tasks, solving problems, and practicing some human behavior. Artificial intelligence is one of the main technology components of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and its performance is coupled with tremendous developments in computing power, processing a large amount of information, fast communication with the Internet from anywhere, and the optimal use of algorithms similar to the human brain.
Artificial intelligence systems have become an essential component in many innovative industries such as the Internet of things, autonomous vehicles, electronic services, big data processing, genetic engineering and genomics, fraud detection, retail and medical diagnostics, 3D printing in addition to its ability to analyze quantities A huge amount of information is used for learning and decision-making by building information relationships and linking large data sets with each other at a tremendous speed and simulating them in a way that is difficult for humans to deduce.
AI algorithms built on assumptions and concepts process billions of cumulative data to allow users to reach more informed and accurate conclusions and contribute to finding ways to tackle crises and critical situations such as search and rescue in natural disasters and using robotics as a front line of defense against risks. Artificial intelligence also promotes digital transformation and has the ability to improve human ingenuity, expand his capabilities, and enable him to face challenges, seize opportunities, and achieve more prosperity in many aspects of life in ways that are now unimaginable.
AI systems include: machine learning, which is the most common, where data is fed, patterns detected, and information is understood and interpreted; Neural networks and deep learning through which the human brain is simulated and AI models enable learning; computer vision, which gives computers the ability to process, analyze, and understand images; Intelligent robotics, which is a combination of artificial intelligence and a robot machine in order to perform advanced and complex tasks; Natural language processing, by which spoken language is interpreted and understood and converted into written text or treated as commands; Biometrics, so that physical and emotional characteristics are analyzed and used for many tasks such as identification; Virtual agents, which simulate characters who interact with customers and users and provide assistance in accessing information.
Artificial intelligence technology is of great importance to drive development and innovation and contribute to achieving the sustainable development goals launched by the United Nations, which focus on improving education, providing health services, eradicating poverty, creating job opportunities, strengthening governance and embracing creativity and initiative. Some developing countries have made progress in economic development, improving health status, eradicating poverty, increasing education, developing agricultural productivity, eradicating illiteracy, securing water resources and improving sanitation.
However, the level of development in Arab countries varies and differs among themselves, especially in areas that witness ongoing conflicts and do not enjoy With political stability, millions of its residents live below the poverty line and suffer from water scarcity and poor health services, in addition to the lack of adequate shelter and an appropriate educational environment. In coordination with national and Arab policies, international development efforts and technical sectors, the use and development of artificial intelligence techniques can be enhanced to contribute to advancing the achievement of sustainable development goals in the region.
In light of the labor market's need for technical expertise in artificial intelligence techniques, developed countries are working to adopt artificial intelligence education in the early school stages in order to enable future generations to deal with artificial intelligence techniques and qualify them for creativity and invention. The following is a proposal for specialized artificial intelligence learning topics that can be integrated into educational stages:
1. The basic stage: Motivating students in the basic education stages to learn mathematics, science, and engineering, and start teaching the concepts of artificial intelligence through fun and interactive activity-based learning, acquiring the basics of artificial intelligence and robotics, in addition to learning computer software, developing applications, and building artificial intelligence systems in a structured and advanced curriculum.
2. Secondary stage: Motivating students in secondary education stages to apply software fundamentals and artificial intelligence systems in real practical scenarios through applications and competitions, in addition to providing project-based programs through which pioneering and creative learning is developed, problem-solving skills and teamwork are developed.
3. Undergraduate: Stimulating students in university education stages of design and innovation by directing them to use artificial intelligence techniques, develop their specialized expertise, conduct distinguished research, and participate in forums and conferences to exchange experiences and present practical experiences in software and artificial intelligence applications.
The process of technical development will continue and will contribute to the sustainable development of professional, industrial and service businesses, and the future of artificial intelligence is exciting and promising, which calls for the need to launch a business sector specialized in artificial intelligence to contribute to economic development and social welfare.