Muslims have made great contributions in the field of medicine, perhaps one of the greatest of them is that Muslims were the first to establish hospitals in the world.
Muslims have made great contributions in the field of medicine, perhaps the greatest of which is that Muslims were the first to establish hospitals in the world, and even preceded others in that matter by more than nine centuries.
Muslims were the first to provide hospitals to the world, more than 1300 years ago, and they were also the first to provide free treatment for incurable diseases, and the most dangerous at this time, which is leprosy.
During the era of the Messenger of God - may God bless him and grant him peace - Muslims knew the idea of a hospital, but it was not a hospital in the literal sense of the word, as it was a tent in which the wounded in wars were treated. When Saad bin Muadh was wounded in the Battle of Al-Khandaq (5 AH - 627 AD), the Prophet - may God bless him and grant him peace - ordered him to be transferred to the tent of Dr. Rufaida for treatment, where she was treating the wounded Muslims.
As for the hospital in the literal sense (Thabit Hospital), it was the hospital that was established during the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid bin Abdul Malik, who ruled from the year (86 AH / 705 AD) to the year (96 AH / 715 AD), and it was designated for leprosy patients. By locking them in so that they would not go out and run their livelihoods on them, and that was like a quarantine, we find that Muslims also knew the idea of sanitary isolation, and they were following unique precautionary measures, so when entering the hospital, the patient delivered his clothes that he entered, and took new clothes other than the clothes that he entered. To prevent the transmission of the infection through his clothes, and every patient entered the ward concerned with his illness, and was not allowed to enter any other ward to prevent the transmission of the infection, and each patient had his own bed, and he had special tools.
Hospitals were known at that time as (bimaristan), a word of Persian origin meaning “place of the patient”. The Islamic hospitals at that time (bimaristan) reached a great degree of organization, arrangement and cleanliness. It is provided for free, and when the patient is discharged from the hospital, he was given clothing and money to rest while he is in the recovery phase, and not exhaust himself by work.
These hospitals were divided into departments according to specialization. So we find an ophthalmology department, a surgery department, a fracture and orthopedic department, and a mental illness department, and each department had doctors headed by a president, a head of internal medicine, a head of surgeons and orthopedists, and a head of kahhalin (ophthalmologists), and all departments had a general head called (Sa`our), which is a title for the chief physician In the hospital, there were doctors ’shifts, as they worked on shifts, and each doctor had a certain time in his halls where he treated patients.
Muslims not only established fixed hospitals in cities, but also established mobile hospitals that are very similar to medical convoys today, and the first type of these hospitals appeared during the reign of Sultan Mahmud the Seljuk, and they may be carried on a large group of camels that may arrive at times To forty camels, and these mobile hospitals were equipped with treatment machines and medicines, accompanied by a number of doctors, and they were reaching every part of the Islamic nation.
We have many models for some of the leading hospitals in Islamic history. So we find one of the greatest of them: the brachial hospital, which was established by (Adad al-Dawla ibn Buwayh), in Baghdad in the year 371 AH). Twenty-four doctors were working in this hospital when it was established, and they increased after that, and it had a huge library, a pharmacy, and kitchens. Doctors are in the hospital for twenty-four hours.
The Great Nuri Hospital in Damascus
It was established by the just king Nur al-Din Zangi of his year (549 AH), and he allocated it to the poor and needy, and he continued to work for a very large period of time, as he continued to receive patients until the year (1317 AH), i.e.: nearly eight hundred years, and was considered one of the most famous hospitals and schools Medicine and pharmacy in Islamic countries, so we find that great doctors such as Ibn Sina and Al-Zahrawi have learned in it.
Mansouri Grand Hospital
It was built by Sultan Al-Mansur Qalawun in Cairo, and it was inaugurated in the year (1283 AD) in the presence of Sultan Qalawun with the princes and scholars of Egypt.
The first bimaristan was established in Morocco in the sixth century AH, it was established by Sultan Abu Yusuf Yaqoub al-Mansour, king of the Almohad state in Morocco, and who ruled between (580 AH) until his death in Marrakesh in (595 AH).
A number of doctors worked in Bimaristan, including Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al-Dani and Muhammad bin Qasim bin Abi Bakr al-Qurashi al-Maliki. A large number of medical capabilities, modern medicines and skilled doctors.