The Nobel Prize is the world's most prestigious and important award given since 1901. All individuals who have contributed to the literature of physics, chemistry, literature are awarded their prizes. He was the founder of the Nobel Prize. The scientist was Alfred Bernard Novel. He was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 3833, and died in 1896. He gained Swedish citizenship. He earned money by selling dynamite. He left a will equal to his death in 1896. He left a will stating that the money would be awarded to those who would make significant contributions to the peace of physics, chemistry, medicine and literature. The award was named the Nobel Prize. The first Nobel Prize for X-ray discovery was awarded on December 10, 1981.