World history, in the popular word, describes human history, from the emergence of Homo sapiens to the present day as determined from written records. So it is also called human history or human history, which in many cases is the history of man from the earliest times to the present, in all parts of the World, beginning with the Paleolithic Period.
This is not the case with non-human natural history and geological history, except that it is important because of the importance of the impact of the natural world on people's lives. The history of the world has included the study of written records or records, from ancient times onward, as well as additional knowledge gained from other sources, such as archeology. Ancient recorded history begins with the invention, beginning separately in some places of the World, writing, creating the infrastructure (grounding and methodology) for long-lasting and accurate transfer or transmission of memories, and in this way as well as the dissemination and growth of knowledge.However, the roots of civilization go back to the pre-written era - the prehistoric (pre-written history) of mankind.
Human prehistory dates back to the Paleolithic Period, or "Early Stone Age". Later, during the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age), the Agricultural Revolution (between 8000 and 5000 BCE) came to the Great Depression, where people first started the systematic cultivation of plants and the upbringing of animals.
Agriculture flourished in the neighboring regions and evolved alone in other areas, until people were already living as peasants in permanent small-town communities. The relative security and increased productivity applied to farming have allowed communities to spread. They have grown into increasingly larger units that are accompanied by the evolution of more efficient methods of transportation.
Excessive food has led to division of labor, the presence of people of high social class, and the existence and development of cities and with it civilization. The growing complexity of human societies required accounting courses, which led to writing.
Cultivation of civilization
There were civilizations on the banks of fresh water bodies (lakes and rivers) that provided life. By 3000 BCE, they began in Mesopotamia (the "land between the Euphrates and Tigris) of the Middle East, on the banks of the Egyptian Nile, and in the valley of the Indus River. Similar civilizations may have begun and flourished along the Chinese rivers, but archeological evidence for the extended urbane establishment is less certain.
Particularly the history of the Old World (Europe, but also of the Near East and North Africa) is generally divided into Ancient history or Later, as far back as 476 CE; the Middle Ages, from the 5th through the 15th centuries, with the Golden Islamic Period (c. 750 CE - c. 1258 CE) and the early European Remenant; the Early Modern period, from the 15th century to the end of the 18th century, including the Age of Enlightenment; and the Last Modern era, from the Industrial Revolution to the present, with Contemporary History.
In Europe (and in Western history, the fall of the Western Roman Empire (476 CE) is generally regarded as a sign of the end of the Ancients and is the beginning of the Middle Ages, when (about the year 1300) the Renaissance began Europe In the mid-15th century, Johannes Gutenberg's invention of modern printing, used a moving type, propelled the revolution of communication, which helped to end the Middle Ages and started the modern times and the Scientific Revolution.By the 18th century, the accumulation of knowledge and technology, especially in Europe, had reached a critical mass that brought about the Industrial Revolution.
In other parts of the world, such as ancient Near East,ancient China, and ancient India, the historical depictions of the ages differed. However, by the 18th century, due to widespread global trade and colonization, the history of most of the world's civilizations had become severely tied to one another. During the last quarter of the millennium, knowledge, technology, commerce, and the potential for the devastation of war have accelerated, creating opportunities and dangers that currently confront the human communities of the world.