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Which king had a stinking chronic infection in his mouth too such a degree that it affected his court protocol (nobody was allowed to come close to the king)? At the time, this king was the most powerful monarch in Europe.
"Louis Quatorze", "Le Roi Soleil", King Louis XIV of France (1638–1715), might have been one of the most powerful men in Europe of his time. But in one way you are probably all more privileged than he was: you have access to adequate dentistry. Of course he had dentists, physicians, and surgeons - but they were not very qualified. The consequences of that deeply affected the king's life.
In 1685, King Louis's doctors removed an aching tooth, resulting in an infection, a dangerous condition, and inflammation of gums, jawbones and sinuses. All his upper teeth had to be removed. This operation damaged his palate and jawbone. The infection became chronic. The king lived the rest of his life with a terribly stinking mouth. That might even have affected the court protocol. Louis, well aware of his problem, wanted to keep people at a distance.“
What is “the Hammer of Witches”, or “Malleus Maleficarum”?
An object of worship?
It is a Medieval book, written by Henricus Institor and published in 1486. Although condemned by the Inquisition, it had a profound influence on culture. It dealt with witchcraft and sorcery, proclaimed it as heresy and encouraged the use of torture for confession, and then death penalty. It strongly contributed to the brutality in the prosecution of witchcraft during the 1500s and 1600s.
Mental health problem, colour, celebration, heavy metal,… to what am I referring?
If I should give you one more clue, it would be “music”.
The answer is “Paranoid” with and by Black Sabbath, which came 1970. The genre it represents is “heavy metal”. There is never an absolute beginning of a musical genre, it evolves gradually, but if we presume to set a borderline for the birth of heavy metal, it was Black Sabbath's Paranoid.
I have previously written about how not everything called nuts are nuts in a botanical sense, and analogous about berries; this time we will look at fruit. Cultural and botanical definitions sometimes differ; so, which of the following are fruits, in the botanical sense?
Orange, tomato, cucumber, kiwi, bell pepper, blueberry, and avocado are fruits. The simplest way to be sure of that is the observation that they contain seeds. Incidentally, it can be interesting to know that coffee beans (which in reality are berries) are fruit as well.
Imsety, Qebehsenuef, Hapy, and Duamutef – who was their father?
Their father was Egyptian god Horus.
The image above shows canopy jars, in which removed organs were saved for burial. They are in the shapes of Horus' sons. Each son protected one organ: Imsety protected the liver, Qebehsenuef the intestines, Hapy the lungs, and Duamutefthe stomach. Read more in Egyptian Mummies & Mummification. (Photo: lakewooducc/Pixabay. CC0/Public Domain.)
Latin is sometimes considered a “dead” language. But although it is not used in everyday speech, it is highly alive and indirectly present in many other languages, as well as within certain disciplines and areas of activity. Some expressions are often used in Latin without translation.
Do you know what these common expressions in Latin mean?
"I resolved, if possible, to get to the ship; so I pulled off my clothes, for the weather was hot to extremity, and took to the water." ... "I found that all the ship's provisions were dry; and being well disposed to eat, I went to the bread room and filled my pockets with biscuits."
Who is this man, who still had pockets although he was naked? His name is the same as the title of the novel this is quoted from. Without doubt, he is one of the most well known literary characters in the world.
And who is the author responsible for this literary lapse?