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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ( PCOS), A Syndrome that needs Researchers' Attention.

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Written by   25
7 months ago

Article# 28

Sunday, June 05, 2022

PCOS ( PolyCystic Ovary Syndrome) is so common nowadays, especially in teenage girls. In under developing & developing countries, people don't like to talk about this issue. It is a reason behind infertility too. At the start of symptoms onset, girls don't share it with their parents, there is a need to spread awareness regarding this issue to overcome this problem in coming years. I know that, lots of women in my circle are going through polycystic ovary syndrome and they are failed to reproduce too, but still, they are not willing to talk about this issue with their families and doctor.

Let's go through this topic!

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS);

A condition in which, an ovary fails to release a normal egg and results in the formation of several small follicles in the ovary.

Symptoms

The symptoms usually occur as the early onset of puberty or in the early 20s. The most common symptoms that appear are;

  • Lack of bleeding or no bleeding at all on specific dates

  • Irregular menstrual cycle

  • Occurrence of facial hair

  • A sudden increase in weight that usually leads to obesity

  • Lots of pimples

  • Hair loss or appearance of pattern baldness, sometimes hair thinning occurs too

  • Infertility ( failure to conceive).

Factors behind PCOs

Scientists are still researching the factors laying behind this syndrome, however, some factors thought to be a cause of PCOS are:

  • Hormonal imbalance:

Healthy women also have a little amount of male hormone known as "androgen", however, women with PCOS have a high level of this hormone as compared to a normal one, so they are dominant in maleness characteristics like facial hair growth & hair loss. An increase in the level of the hormone causes a hurdle for the ovary to release a normal egg after a complete cycle.

  • Insulin Resistance

Insulin hormone resistance is also observed in women with PCOS, which leads to a sudden gain in weight, which in turn cause obesity.

Some researchers also claimed that PCOs is a genetic disorder it runs from one generation to the next, however, what types of genes are carrying this order are not unveiled yet.

Treatment

If you are having symptoms of PCOs, seek medical treatment, however, there is no proper treatment discovered yet.

Precautionary Measure

You can avoid getting it worst with time, by changing:

  • Your lifestyle,

  • Adopting a healthy diet plan,

  • Doing daily exercise to control your weight,

  • Avoiding sugary food to control the level of insulin in the blood.

(Disclaimer: This article is based on the knowledge that I have acquired during my studies. I might be wrong at some points. The disorder and the whole sketch are narrated in my own words and free of plagiarism).

The lead image is taken from u splash

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