The Internet of Things: a futuristic fantasy or a well-established reality?

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Watches, vacuum cleaners, toothbrush, car ... Robots invade us and take up more and more space in our daily life. But what is the Internet of Things really all about and are these connected robots really going to replace us all? Find out about EPITA's analysis in En Vrai.

Despite slower than expected progress, the connected objects market is gradually making its way into the global economy. Autonomous car, smartphone, video surveillance, connected objects are already present in our daily lives. Yet it is in industry that the Internet of Things has developed the most.

What is IoT?

The Internet of Things, or IoT for Internet of Things, is a concept that defines the extension of the Internet to physical objects . This includes connected objects, but also the sensors , software and the network through which these objects operate. Any connected object works thanks to software, which collects data, which is then processed in the cloud. These are therefore programmed and programmable objects that can interact with a Wifi , bluetooth or 4G connection.

Internet of things: for what uses?

We find connected objects in two main applications : an industrial application and a daily application. In terms of industry, connected objects are very well established in different sectors of activity: automotive , aeronautics, agriculture , health, commerce, public sector, logistics ...
The daily application, called general public, struggles to develop despite the announced El Dorado. Even if a large number of connected everyday objects exist (toothbrush, vacuum cleaner, watch, home automation ...), the business model is struggling to set up and connected objects have difficulty in proving their usefulness on a daily basis. There must be consistency and logic in the offer of connected products offered and not just an offer of independent products.

Why are connected objects struggling to deploy?

If in the industrial environment, the use of connected objects can be easily linked to better management and therefore to a significant return on investment, the perception of the interest of these objects in daily life remains more vague . For many, connected objects are more gadgets than anything else, and remain intrusive. Added to this is the fear of hacking and the question of the use of private data. Yet the population is ready to use these new technologies, the use of smartphones or driving assistance tools are perfect examples.

See you next week for the last issue of In truth, devoted to medical imaging.

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