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The History Of Sundarban's

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Written by ย ย 82
1 year ago

Hello everyone..!!

How was all..??

Today I wanna to share something about the history of Sundarban..

So let's start discussion..๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡

During the Mughal period (1203-1536) a local king leased the entire Sundarbans. The fundamental changes that have been desired in the historical legal changes include the recognition of the world's first mangrove forest under scientific supervision. A map of the Sundarbans was drawn up in 1657, shortly after the East India Company acquired ownership from the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II. The forest has come under organizational management since the establishment of the Forest Department in the then Bengal province of India around 180 AD.

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the size of the Sundarbans was almost double what it is today. The increasing human pressure on the forest has gradually reduced its size. In 1826, the British government acquired the ownership of the Sundarbans. L. T. Hajj conducted the first survey of the Sundarbans in 1829. In 18 the entire Sundarbans area was declared a protected forest. During the partition of India in 1947, 6,016 sq km of the Sundarbans fell in Bangladesh. Which is about 4.2% of the area of โ€‹โ€‹Bangladesh and about 44% of the total forest area.

The legal rights of the first forest management department over the Sundarbans were established in 189. According to the Forest Act of 1975 (Section 7), a large part of the Sundarbans was declared a protected forest land in 185-6. Within the next year, the rest of the forest was recognized. As a result, it moved from the control of the remote civilian district administration to the control of the forest department. Later in 189 the Forest Department was established as the administrative unit for forest management, headquartered in Khulna. The first forest management plan for the Sundarbans was formulated in 1893-96.

In 1911, the Sundarbans was named the Tract of Waste Land, which has never been surveyed or censored. It was then demarcated over an area of โ€‹โ€‹about 165 miles (26 km) from the mouth of the Hooghly River to the mouth of the Meghna River.

โ˜…The Effects of Climate Change in Sundarban..๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡

The nature of the formation of the Sundarbans along the coast is influenced by multidimensional elements, including the speed of the currents, the cyclic and aggregate currents, and the long coastal currents along the coast. Beach currents are quite variable in different seasons. They also often change due to cyclones.

The erosion and accumulation that occurs through these, although not yet accurately measured, makes dimensional differences in changes in topography. However, the mangrove forest itself plays a significant role in the stability of the entire system. During each monsoon season, the whole of the Bay of Bengal is submerged, most of which is submerged for about half of the year. The sediments in the lower reaches of the basin come primarily as a result of the character of the oceans and cyclones during the monsoon rains. The biggest problem facing the people living in the Ganges basin in the coming years is the rising sea level.

Due to the change in the course of freshwater in the highlands, the flow of freshwater in many of the Indian mangrove wetlands has decreased significantly since the late 19th century. At the same time, due to neo-tectonic motion, the Bengal Basin has also tilted slightly to the east, leaving a large portion of freshwater in the Sundarbans in Bangladesh. As a result, the salinity of the Sundarbans in the Bangladesh part is much lower than in the Indian part. According to a 1990 study, there was no evidence that the rising sea level due to the deterioration of the natural environment in the Himalayas or the "greenhouse" has made the flood situation in Bangladesh alarming. However, in 2007 - a UNESCO report entitled "Climate Change and World Heritage Lessons" stated that 45 cm above sea level due to other man-made causes. Elevation has increased, with 75 percent of the Sundarbans being destroyed due to a variety of man-made causes (according to the Intergovernmental Council on Climate Change, published in the 21st century). [6]

The National Environmental Court is also concerned about the lack of adequate measures to protect the mangrove forest, which is the natural wall of South Bengal, including the Sundarbans, against marine storms.

โ˜…Above all,Sundarban is the place of beaty..I like this mangrove forest very much.

โ˜…Thanks for Reading..๐Ÿ’•๐Ÿ’•

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Written by ย ย 82
1 year ago
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