Russian-born French painter and art theorist. In the 20th century, when the artistic and cultural environment was quite hot, Kandinsky was one of the first to shine the sparks. He became an important theorist and painter who played an active role with his theories and practices.
Kandinsky was born in Moscow in 1866. In 1886, he began studying law and economics at Moscow University. Three years later he participated in an ethnographic trip to Vologda, after which he wrote an article on Russian Folk Art. The effect of this experience on Kandinsky can be easily seen in his early paintings, Song of Volga, Couple Riding, Colorful Life. These paintings are constructed with light and light forms on the composition dark. st. Traveling to St. Petersburg and Paris, Kandinsky decided to abandon his career in law in 1896 and become a painter. He knew German well and moved to Munich, where former Russian nationalists mostly lived. Between 1900 and 1908, the Moscow Artists Union held exhibitions with him. On the other hand, he entered the Munich art scene and his name began to appear in exhibitions. After studying at local art schools, he founded the Phalanx artists group. He was a talented artist in every way, and later became the teacher of the Phalanx group, of which he was a student. The word Phalanx, a concept used by the French philosopher Charles Fourier (1772-1837) for the utopian society he created, took its place in the history of art as a name given to a group of artists who aimed to expand the possibilities of artists to open exhibitions by Kandinski and his friends in 1901. The formation played an active role in the Munich art scene until 1904.
Gabriele Münter, with whom she lived for 10 years, attended the Phalanx school, where men and women were treated equally because women were not admitted to public schools at that time. He met Kandinsky in the Phalanx and became his student. This was followed by their togetherness and the love they lived.
In 1904, Kandinsky and Münter embarked on a 4-year trip to Venice, Tunis, Holland, France and Russia. During their travels, they studied the art approaches of impressionists such as Van Gogh, Gauguin and Monet. In 1908 they returned to Munich and settled down.
Kandinsky began his famous improvisations in 1909. In 1911, Kandinskiy broke with Münter and other friends from the traditional artists' association in Munich and formed Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider). After two short years, this new group, under the leadership of Kandinskiy, had already gathered around it important creators of the time such as Matisse, Picasso, Delauney and Klee. Der Blaue Reiter served as a guide for abstract painting, realism movements, primitive arts and childlike drawings, including music, theater and scientific fields for the new period. Thus, Munich became an important art center in the world.
Kandinsky developed his approach in the book On the Mentalism in Art, published in 1912. For Kandinsky, art is the depiction of spiritual values. Although each branch of art differs from each other in terms of its external structure, the common point they meet is that they strive for an internal purpose that can purify and activate the human spirit.
When the war broke out in 1914, Kandinsky returned to Russia and married Nina Andrevskaya. Gabriele Münter remained in Munich.
In 1920, he was commissioned to prepare a pedagogical program for the Institute of Artistic Culture, which included suprematism, Vladimir Tatlin's (1885-1953) 'The Culture of Materials', constructivism and his own theories. She waited for this work to be put into effect until 1922, when she was to be included in the teaching staff at the Bauhaus. In 1921, he took an active part in RAKHN (Russian Academy of Aesthetics). A year later, he went to Germany and worked as an instructor at the Bauhaus School, which was closed by the Nazis in 1933. He participated in the first Russian Art Exhibition, Erste Russische Kunstausstellung, held in Berlin in 1922. In 1924, Feininger, together with Javlenski and Klee, formed the Blue Four (Blaue Vier). He taught at the Bauhaus until Hitler closed it in 1933.
He settled in Paris in 1933. He became a French citizen in 1939. He did many important works in France. Kandinsky died in Paris in 1944.