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Cryptocurrency owners specifically Bitcoincash hodlers , Bitcoincash and Bitcoin enthusiast and ofcourse starter like me only knew how to transfer and receive funds, how to store Bitcoincash to different wallets and how to use it earn profits. But there a lot of things that we don’t know yet about all of these like how these works, how our wallets makes its actions for doing some processes. Have you ever questioned yourself how’s your favorite wallets works?
Cryptocurrency wallet is where we store our cryptocurrency funds or coins. These wallets are just like bank accounts with a unique codes. These wallets are composed of characters and numbers. They are usually looks like a combination of strings of letters and numericals depends on the cryptocurrency.
The first thing we need to know is how these are created.Anyone can create a new wallet by generating a public and private key pair with a certain algorithm.In the case of Bitcoin or Ethereum that is via an elliptical curve digital signature algorithm.That’s quite a mouthful, but the take away here is that the algorithm will split out a private key and an associated public key.These keys are mathematically linked to each other.You can take the private key and derive the public key from it.But you cannot take the public key and turn into the private one.
Now, these two keys serve a different purpose.The public key will become your wallet’s address, kind of like your bank account number.And the private key is your way of proving that you are the owner of the wallet and thus that you can spend the money inside of it.So in summary: public keys can be shared with everyone while private keys must be kept to yourself.Unless you want other people to decide what to do with your money.
So far so good but this system has a few interesting side effects,For starters, everyone can generate an unlimited amount of wallets, right on their own computers.It’s only limited by how fast your computer can generate key pairs.However, nobody will know about the existence of your wallet until it receives some coins.A cryptocurrency only keeps track of transactions between wallets.It does not have a list of all existing wallets.So if your newly created wallet has not been involved in any transaction, it simply doesn’t exist for the outside world.
The blockchain is just a giant spreadsheet with transactions goingfrom one wallet to another.The blockchain itself doesn’t really care about if these wallets exist or not.It’s only when you want to spend coins in a wallet that you have to prove that you’re the owner. And you can only do that with the private key that is associated with the address of the wallet.
Another thing is that you can transfer coins to a wallet address that doesn’t exist. Again a Blockchain doesn’t have a list of valid addresses, so it cannot check if you’re transferring coins to a valid one.In case you transfer coins to an invalid address then they're just lost unless someone can generate the private key for that particular address.Which, right now, isn’t really possible because of how the algorithm works. This is referred to as “coin burning” and it’s sometimes done intentionally bycryptocurrency projects that want to reduce the total supply and therefore increase the value of their coin.Or they do it to get rid of coins that weren’t distributed during the initial coin offering.
The last amazing side effect you should know is that you can create a wallet while being offline, you can then give that address to someone else and they will be able to transfer coins to it. And later when you get back online, you can use the private key of that wallet to spend the coins.Amazing right?
So if you want to store some coins, in the safest possible way, you can generate a wallet while being offline, print out your public and private key, destroy the key on your computer and transfer coins to it.This is called a paper wallet and is the most radical but super secure way of storing coins. So that was a quick overview of how wallets work in a cryptocurrency.
Cryptocurrecncies are so mysterious that can surprise and can blow our innocent mind. They are like the universe full of mysteries and questions that we can’t easily answer. Maybe we can only knew their worth but not the deep part of them.