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Past and present

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Written by   41
1 year ago

Globalized Capitalism and American Imperialism.

The Capitalist Production System was born in the 16th century, starting with Simple Cooperation, continuing with Manufacturing and reaching maturity with Large Industry.

The tendency to concentration, typical of capitalism, leads the Great Industry to a higher stage where Monopolies arise: it is the passage of the first phase, from Free Competition Capitalism, of free competition or pre-monopoly, to the second phase of development of monopoly or imperialist capitalism.

Imperialist Capitalism has gone through three stages. The first spanned from the last three decades of the 19th century to the first decade of the 20th century. At this stage, monopolies deny free competition, but have not merged with the State. At this stage Imperialism is Monopoly Capitalism.

The second imperialist stage covers from the end of World War I (1914-1918), The Great Depression (1920-1933), World War II (1939-1945), until 1970.During this phase the interconnection between power occurs economic of the Monopolies and the Political Power of the States, turning capitalism into Monopoly State Capitalism.

The third stage of Imperialism, whose deployment is identified from the 1970s to the 20th century, is characterized by the Transnational Concentration of Property, Production and Political Power, transforming State Monopoly Capitalism into Transnational Monopoly Capitalism .

The contradictions inherent in the Capitalist Production System generated, during its second stage of imperialist development, three massive destruction of productive forces caused by World War I (1914-1918), The Great Depression (1929-1933) and World War II; harnessed by the United States to build its world hegemony through the Reconstruction of Europe and Japan, through the development of the Marshall Plan.

The threat that the Great Depression posed to the existence of the Capitalist System, and especially, the birth and development of Leninist Socialism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, after the triumph of the Communist Red Army against Hitlerian Fascism, forced the decadent British Empire to put into practice the doctrine of John Maynar Keynes, in order to stimulate the Valorization of Capital through the increase of employment and the execution of state development programs. On the ruins and the miseries of the war, on the death, the postwar period becomes the period of greatest economic boom of imperialist capitalism in the 20th century.

The first noticeable manifestation of the emergence of a transnational economy is the 1974 Capitalist Economic Crisis, which simultaneously affects the United States, Western Europe and Japan. This crisis shows the existence of a transnational economy that interconnects the economies of the capitalist powers and deprives the rest of the world economies of their national character.

Post-war American Imperialism brought together and subordinated the other centers of imperial power (England, France, Germany), and under its hegemony, The State and the Monopolies, drive the process of Transnational Concentration of Property, Production and the Political Power.

This process denationalized the weaker Imperialist States, and more strongly the Underdeveloped and dependent States, in particular, the backyard of the Yankee Empire: Latin America.

This transnational domination, the North American Imperialism complemented it with the restructuring and refunctionalization, under its exclusive interests of the institutions of the International System: Security Council of the UN, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank (WB) and the Treaty Organization North Atlantic (NATO).

Latin America, inserted in this world capitalist order, will be the next job.

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