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Early life Newton's home in Ulsterhop Manor. According to the modern calendar, Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1843. His birthplace is in Ulsterhop Manor, Lincolnshire. The Manor area is located in Ulsterhop-by-Colsterworth. Even when Newton was born, the use of the most modern contemporary Papal calendar did not begin in England. So his date of birth was registered as Christmas Day, 1842. He was born three months after the death of his father Isaac. His father was an ordinary farmer in the village. Newton was very small at birth. His mother, Hannah Escoff, often said that Newton, as a child, could be easily inserted into a quart mug. Her mother married another when she was three years old and moved in with her new husband, the Reverend Bernabeus Smith. Newton was not with his mother at the time. Granny Margaret spends her days caring for Escoff. Nitton could not like his honest father. He was also angry with his mother for marrying him. Knitton published a list of his sins until he was 19 years old. Evidence of his resentment towards his mother can be found from that list. The list read: I threatened my parents that I would burn down their house. Newton's primary education was completed in a small school next to his house. At the age of 12 he was sent to study at Grantham's grammar school. There he lived in the home of a drug dealer and seller. Newton was unrivaled in this school from which his talents are known. At first no one wore it but at one point another boy was able to compete well with her. From the very beginning of school life, Newton's greatest inclination was to make various kinds of instruments. At that age he made windmills, water-clocks, kites and sun-dials. Also important construction was a four-wheeled vehicle that the rider could pull by himself. Newton's honest father died in 1858. His mother then returned to Ulsterhop and dropped him off at school. The purpose was to teach the farm work at home and make arrangements for the future. But he soon realizes that Newton has no inclination to work on the farm. Newton's uncle was the rector of Burton Caglis. Following his uncle's advice, his family sent him to study at Trinity College, Cambridge. Newton passed matriculation from Trinity College in 181. While studying in college, he worked as a servant in different places of the college to cover the cost of his studies. There is no documentation from Trinity College that he has done anything big as a student. However, it is known that he mainly studied mathematics and mechanics. At Trinity College, he first studied Kepler's theory of optics. He then turned his attention to Euclid's geometry. Because he could not understand some of the diagrams mentioned in a book of astrology bought from the fair. To understand these, Euclid needed to know geometry. Nevertheless, Newton did not understand anything in the book. Angered by this, he removed it as a trivial book. But later his teacher Isaac Barrow asked him to read the book again. The book was written on Descartes' geometric research and work. While graduating, Newton kept all his books in a small bookshelf or some other place. From that shelf are found several articles written by Newton at that time. Topics include: angular splits, classification of curves, some mathematical calculations about the unique melody of music, geometric problems of Vita and Van Scuten, some comments on Wallis's book Arithmetic of Infinity, the result of friction of spherical glass The formula to do. On the eve of his bachelor's degree in 175, Newton proved his famous two-dimensional theorem and at the same time provided the first theory of the discovery of the method of fluxion. These days at Trinity College were very important to him. But in 175 the plague epidemic took shape in Cambridge and London. As a result, the college was declared closed indefinitely. Newton returned to their farm home in Lincolnshire. Newton did not stop research work in Lincolnshire when Wolsthorpe returned. There he continued to carry out various experiments on chemistry and optics, and at the same time continued his mathematical research projects. Newton marked the beginning of his diary of discovering the theory of gravitation in the year 18, the year he had to leave Trinity College. He says: "In the same year I began to think about the vast gravity in the moon's orbit, ... comparing the force required to hold the moon in its own orbit and the gravitational ball on the surface of the earth Yes. At the same time, he completed one of his basic experiments in optics. Through this experiment he was able to discover the structural parts of white light. Newton himself commented on his early work on optics: “I did all this in just two years, between 175 and 18 years, because at that time I was at a more significant stage than at any other time in my life at that stage of innovation and mindfulness of mathematics and philosophy. Development occurred. Trinity College reopened in 18 This time the college elected Newton a Fellow, and two years later, shortly before his 26th birthday, he was appointed Lucasian professor of mathematics. Prior to that, his friend and teacher Dr. Barrow held this position at Trinity College. To be a Fellow at Cambridge and Oxford at the time, one had to be an established Anglican missionary. Again Lucasian professors were forbidden to have contact with the church, as it could harm scientific research. Newton Lucasian wanted to relieve himself of this condition when he became a professor. The then King Charles II accepted his demand and appointed him as a professor. This put an end to Newton's conflict with Anglicans over religious thought. Meanwhile, in 17 AD, Newton made a reflection telescope. In December 181, Newton II built another telescope and presented it to the Royal Society. Two months later, as a Fellow of the Royal Society, he publicized his discoveries about light and thereby initiated a debate about light. This debate continued for many years. The debate was attended by Robert Hooke, Lucas, Linus Pauling and many more. Newton, however, always disliked such debates. He blamed his own wisdom for giving rise to a controversy in favor of such an important theory of light. Most of his research papers on optics were published by the Royal Society between 182 and 184. These research papers were compiled in 1804 in his book Optics. : !! "
Principia Mathematica Revealed: !! ►►
Before 184 Newton did not feel the urge to publish his research on gravity. Of these, Hooke, Edmund Haley and Sir Christopher Ren discovered some theories or information about gravity in isolation, although none of them were able to provide any definite theory about the orbit of the planet. That year, scientist Edmund Haley spoke to Newton about it, and was surprised to find that Newton had solved it so far. Newton proposed to Haley four theorems and seven problems that have been identified as key parts of his research work. Between 175 and 18, he wrote the most famous book, Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica, which lasted for about seventeen or eighteen months, which was given the English name Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. This book has three parts. Newton wanted to shorten the third part. But Haley encouraged him to write the third part in detail. The Royal Society expressed its inability to finance the publication of the book. This time too Heli came forward. He bore all the expenses of publishing the book and as a result this book was published in the year 18 which is unforgettable in the history of physics and mathematics. After its release, it was able to garner a huge response throughout Europe. Following this, Christian Higgins, then the most famous scientist of the time, went to England in 179 to meet Newton in person. Newton became more active in the work of the university while working on the principles mentioned in the Principia text on public service and theology. At this time King James II decided to reject the oath of allegiance and allegiance to the University. Newton was elected a Member of Parliament from Cambridge for protesting and opposing his decision. When he returned to the university after completing his political career, he became seriously ill. Due to this illness, in 1892-1693, he was unable to do almost any work. This caused great anxiety among his colleagues and friends. After recovering from the disease, he left the university and started working for the government. In collaboration with his friends Locke, Ren and Lord Halifax, he was first appointed Warden of the Mint in the Government of England in 1895 and later Master of the Mint. He held the position of Master of the Mint until his death. On the other hand, Newton was interested in studying theology from the very beginning of his life. He began to study religious prophecy as early as 1890. At that time he gave a detailed account of this in a letter to Locke. This letter was called An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruptions of the Scriptures. This letter is written about two passages of the Trinity. He also wrote a manuscript before his death. Observations on the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse. He also wrote some biblical critiques, commentaries, and commentaries. In the last 30 years of his life, Newton rarely made any fundamental contributions to mathematical principles. In 1898 he solved a mathematical problem overnight. This problem was proposed by Bernoulli in a competition and the time allotted for solving it was 6 months. Again in 1818 he solved a problem in just a few hours.
He revised the Principia and published a new edition in 1813. Newton's scientific research brought him great respect. He was a popular inspector in the courts of England. In 1805 he was knighted. Various honors came to him from all over the continent. He had contacts with all the leading scientists of that time. So many scientists and science students came to meet him that he was annoyed. Despite receiving so much respect, Newton once showed humility. Shortly before his death, he said: “I do not know how I am presented to the world, but I think of myself as a little boy playing in the valley of the sea, looking for a pebble or a smaller and more ordinary stone, while the ocean of truth is before him.
There is a fall that remains undiscovered. After 1825, Newton's health deteriorated. As a result, a deputy arranged for his job to be waived. He last served as President of the Royal Society in February 1826. He was the president of this society from 1803. He died on 20 March 1828 at the age of 85. He was buried at Westminster Abbey in London. : !! "