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Hisba - Enjoining Good & Forbidding Evil (Part 1)

We have been commanded to enjoin good and forbid the evil and be patient with the trials that come on that path. Enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil is one of the fundamental principles of this religion. If the Ummah fails to do its duty of enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, wrongdoing and corruption will spread throughout the Muslim nation. If it is fulfilled then it leads to unity and preservation of the community.

Allah the Most High says,

وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

"Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Maroof (i.e., Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful.'' Surah Imrān 3: 104

كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ

"You (true believers in Islamic Monotheism) are the best of peoples ever raised up for man-kind; you enjoin Al-Maroof (i.e., Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden)'" Surah Imrān 3: 110

وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ اللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ

“The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. They establish the Prayer, pay the Zakāh and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have mercy on them. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” Surah Tawbah 9: 67

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri narrated that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever among you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand. If he is unable, then with his speech. If he is unable, then with his heart.”

Recorded in Sahih Muslim (no. 49)

Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq said, “O people, you recite this verse and use it in the wrong place:

‘Upon you is to take care of your own selves, he who goes astray cannot harm you when you are rightly-guided’ (5:105) ‎We heard the Messenger (ﷺ) say, ‘When the people see a wrongdoer and they do not prevent him then Allāh will soon punish them all.'”

Recorded Sunan Abu Dāwūd (no. 4338). Classed as Sahīh by Shaykh Al-Albāni.

In a wording there occurs: “There are not a people among whom acts of disobedience take place and they are able to change them but they do not change them except that Allah will soon include them all in a punishment from Himself.”

Recorded Sunan Abu Dāwūd (no. 4338). Classed as Sahīh by Shaykh Al-Albāni.

Ibn Rajab commented on the many hadith of this nature, writing:

All of these traditions indicate that it is an obligation to condemn evil by the measure of one’s ability. As for condemnation in the heart, it is always required. Whoever does not condemn evil in his heart, it is a sign that faith has vanished from his heart… As for con-demnation of the tongue and hand, it is only obligatory within one’s capacity.

See Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam (2/245)

Part 2 coming shortly......

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That very nice topic, keep calm stay positive thinking

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